Thomas Babington Macaulay was a British historian and a Whig politician. He also was an essayist and his books on British history were highly praised and seen as masterpieces. Macaulay was Secretary to the Board of Control under Lord Grey from 1832 to 1833. Its role was to support the President of the Board of Control who was responsible for the command of the British East India Company. When the Government of India Act was passed in 1833, Thomas Macaulay was appointed as the first Law Member of the Governor-General 's Council.
Wood’s Dispatch 1854:- Wood 's Dispatch on education is the foundation of Indian Education system. British Government faced various problems related to the education system of India. In 1853, Charles Wood was the president of board of council in India, In order to provide the solution of such educational problem, Charles Wood expressed that education in English as well as Indian local languages should be elaborated and encouraged throughout the nation. After the Charter Act of 1813 and 1853, it became indispensable for East India Company to study the educational development in India. In 1854, the court of directors issued a historical document to India.
Santhals belong to the Pre Aryan period. They were the great fighters during the British regime in India. Baba Tilka Majhi was the first Santhal leader who raised weapons against the Britishers in 1789. Santali culture is such that it had and has been attracting many scholars and anthropologists since centuries. Beginning with their vivid language, Santhals speak Santhali, which belongs to the Austro- Asiatic language family.
After the Indian Rebellion, there were many shifts in policies, acts and leadership of the remaining British rulers that remained in colonial India. Radio and speeches frolicked a huge part in spreading the movement to even peasant village members. By the mid1930s, the approval of the anti-colonial movement started to overpower the small amount of British influence that remained in India and the Indian princes were gaining both militaristic and political power. Since Indians had a sample from the British in education, military, economy, and government for centuries, the upper-class Indian princes and leaders had the knowledge to run and establish their own independent state. After about twenty years of message between British and Indian officials, India would become a distinct nation in 1947.
Hunter, earlier the Nagaon district was a part of Kamrup district. In 1832 Nagaon was transformed into an administrative unit and the British first established their headquarters at Puranigudam in 1833, later at Rongagorah in 1835 and finally in 1839 at Nagaon. During the course of history, Nagaon witnessed many changes and various new places came into existence. People started to come from different parts of Assam and also from outside and settled at various places in Nagaon district which significantly influenced the nomenclatures of these places. At one time, a large chunk of the Naga Hills, the Mikir Hills, and North Cachar Hills were part of the district.
It was then that the signs, marks, press announcements and tastes evolved. Advertising history began with concrete classified advertising. Ads began appearing for the first time in print in Bengal Gazette Hickey, who was the first newspaper in India. Studies mark the beginning of the advertising created in India rather than being imported from England. Studies were established for bold, ornamental fountains, smarter ads, bigger.
CHAPTER TWO MAINSTREAM MALE AUTOBIOGRAPHIES Introduction: The mainstream male autobiographical literature was continued from the 12th century onwards in Maharashtra. Initially, Saint Namdev had composed 152 abhangas in this literary tradition, describing his domestic duties in conflict with his Bhakti towards Lord Vitthal . He was followed by many Saints from Varkari sect in the next centuries. The tradition was altered to some extent by the autobiography of Nanasaheb Peshwa; when he composed his political life in the context of 18th century Maharashtra in his autobiography. The 19th century social reformists depicted their extraordinary life experiences in this literary form.
Indian federalism starts with British involvement in the Indian subcontinent. As a sense of Indian nationality grew amongst the subcontinent’s inhabitants, federal features increasingly come into view. Over the course of the 18th century the British expanded their influence in the Indian subcontinent. They gradually took control of the entire area. An official system of governance solidified this gradual increase in influence and was instituted on June 28, 1858, when the rule of the British east India company was transferred to the crown in the person of queen Victoria.
• Mountbatten was the last viceroy of subcontinent .He was given the responsibility of partitioning British India and to send back British troops back to united Kingdom. • Princess of India also had good relationship with last viceroy with this relation most of them acceded to persuade viceroy to have separate states for union India and Islamic republic of Pakistan . PAKISTAN STUDIES The War of Independence (1857) 1. Partition of India : Unique Division of subcontinent led to creation of two autonomous states , Pakistan and union of India. Partition also refers to the division of the Bengal province of British India
Introduction The British first arrived in India in the early 1600s and soon established trading posts in a number of cities under the control of The East India Company. By 1765 the Company‘s influence had grown to such an extent that the British were effectively controlling most parts of the country. This date is usually taken as the starting of what is referred to as The British raj — a period of British rule in India that lasted until Independence in 1947. initially English was solely instructed to the taught population through the work of Christian missionaries — there were no official attempts to force the language on the masses. But by the