The British, joined by the French, sent an invasion force to China and occupied the Chinese city of Beijing. The opium trade between the British and the Chinese started when Britain found a new method of paying China to balance off their trade deficit, through opium. By 1820, this trade had established such a widespread opium
Before imperialism, life in China was simple and self-sufficient. Agriculture was a major part of most Chinese people’s daily life and they were satisfied with their lives. Many people did not want to be influenced by industrialization and the western ways of Europeans. This did not matter to the Europeans however, as they wanted the silk, tea and porcelain that was only coming from China. According to Tao He’s article, British Imperialism in China,
The British used India’s abundance of resources to their advantage. Britain’s trade with India in 1860 was six times more than British trade was with Egypt and it was twelve times more than British trade with Brazil. By 1866, India's trade with Britain escalated. Britain gained an abundance of resources, while India received little in return (Doc 1). Britain bought India's natural resources, such as cotton, cheaply, and would then use their Industrial machines to make exceptional goods, which they sold back to the Indian people at a higher price (Doc 2).This was extremely profitable for the British (Imperialism in India).
The British East India Company took control over India in 1770. The British East India Company had control of many colonies, India was one of them. They initially came for their need of coal, cotton, indigo, and tea. But after the Sepoy Rebellion in 1857, the British took full political, economic, and social control over India. British imperialism had a negative impact on the politics and economy of India because the army, justice system, government and resources of India were run to benefit the British, not the Indians.
In Doc #7, Chinese merchants trade with Southeast Asia and the Indian Ocean in order to obtain the goods they need in return for what they have. The Chinese merchants have found that when they trade with the Philippines they only return with silver coins. Manila had no purpose besides in the matter of trade to obtain silver and silk. China was an attraction of silver globally for over a
Colonies such as India had importance to Britain as they were a source for raw materials, but also a market for British made goods. Soon later competition was created between Britain and India. The competition was based over cotton, as cotton became an important Britain export and also an important Indian exports. To protect Britain's textile industry, the British Government supported Britain. They supported Britain by banning dye and cloth from India for the next 200 years.
In the Ming empire, the changes that they went through economically and socially were very dependent on the silver trade. As silver became a global staple for trade, the want and feeling of luxury that silver brought enabled everyone to be included in the trade(Doc 1). In China, people could use silver extravagantly or in common expenses. This increased the economic base
Exerting power through numerous methods, the British influence and control in India increased to an extent that it was controlling many parts of the country. European states required raw materials and a market to sell and trade their commodities. At length, these imperative resources were lacking and were needed in sufficient quantities due principally the Industrial Revolution. Henceforth, these European states competed for industries and markets in Africa and Asia. With this in mind, Britain joined the scramble for countries to colonize.
By 1857, the British, through the East India Company, directly ruled two thirds of India. The remaining third was overseen by Indian princes who paid tribute to the British. The British not only dominated the Indian economy, sending profits back to Britain: they also imposed their values on the Indian people by preventing Indian soldiers from occupying high ranking positions in the army and introducing social and land reforms. Thus, even though the British government was not engaged in direct imperialism, the British East India Company still had a strong, controlling hand in the Indian way of life. To begin with, it can be observed that the British colonizers did indeed improve Indian civilization by developing means of communication and transport further than what had already been established.
Under British rule, India had the largest rail network in Asia, which allowed for new economic activities like textile and steel manufacturing (Murphey, 287). As Dr. Wang stated in the week 4 lecture, the European industries had a high demand for Chinese resources, which led to opium trade in China; this harmed the health, economy, and image of China. In the subsequent Opium War, a small British force destroyed the Chinese navy (Murphey, 304). The resulting Treaty of Nanjing was a significant loss to China, and a major success for British imperialism. As Dr. Wang stated in lecture, the treaty transferred control of Hong Kong to Britain, modified the trading system, and prevented China from making allies.