Bronfenbrenner Ecological Theory

917 Words4 Pages
“A child’s development is affected by their social relationships” (N.P., n.d. Web.) how they are socialized by people and the environment around them, even the world at large plays I big role in their development and who they become. The ecological systems theory of Bronfenbrenner gives explanation to how children develop and affected by their surroundings. The theory describes a compounded “layers” of environment: the Microsystem, the mesosystem, the exosystem, the Macrosystem, and the chronosystem each layer having an effect on child’s development. The implication it has, the theory on teaching is that it highlights the importance of bi-directional interactions, a good relationship of a child’s caregiver with teachers at school it brings…show more content…
It refers to the overall patterns of ideology and organization that characterize a given society or social group. Macrosystems can be used to describe the cultural or social context of various societal groups such as social classes, ethnic groups, or religious affiliates. This layer is the outermost layer in the child 's environment”. Berks (2000) in this layer it where your norm, culture belief or teaching from microsystem are enforced or dismantle by the structures surrounding you. For example Pollitt says “The macrosystem can have either a positive or a negative effect on a person 's development. For an example, consider the different effects on the development of a child growing up in a third-world economy versus that of the United…show more content…
As Bronfenbrenner (1994) puts it “The chronosystem encompasses the dimension of time as it relates to a child 's environment. Elements within this system can be either external, such as the timing of a parent 's death, or internal, such as the physiological changes that occur with the aging of a child. Family dynamics need to be framed in the historical context as they occur within each system” historical influences in the macrosystem can have families respond to different stressors. Bronfenbrenner suggests that, “in many cases, families respond to different stressors within the societal parameters existent in their lives”. In conclusion Bronfenbernner’s model of child development even though it lacks vast circumstances of child development. It can improve our education approach if applied in the context of South Africa. Making sure that the first and second layers of the theory parents or caregiver do their best to positively impact the child for better performance in school. And the government making policy that support good and healthy environment both in school and
Open Document