Bandura Social Cognitive Theory

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It is that time of the year again. It is Chinese New Year. Visiting families and sending everyone good luck for the new year. A new year is a new start. There is food and snacks specially for the holiday on the table. The house is full of red signs with positive sayings on the wall. Red envelopes were also handed out from the adults to the children. Two-year-old Destiny arrives with her parents to wish her great-grandmother good luck for the new year. During my observation, Destiny was showing cognitive development, socio-emotional development, development in cultural context, and motivation and mindsets. Bandura introduced the concept of self-efficacy, which is a key component in social cognitive theory. Bandura defined perceived self-efficacy…show more content…
She repeated the saying after her mother, which includes "Happy New Year great-grandmother, I wish you good luck and good health". According to Beatrice Whiting and John Whiting's model for psycho-cultural model, the relations between the development of an individual and features of their environment, social patterns, and institutional and cultural systems and values (Rogoff 43). This modeled shows that the child's learning environment is occupied by the setting and the behavior is learned through the adult based on the ritual and ceremony. This model emphasizes that the understanding of human development requires a detailed understanding of situations in which people develop based on the cultural processes in which children participates in. Destiny learns and absorbs the information that is being told by her mother. She learns what is the right thing to say in a certain environment, such as saying positive things on the new year toward your elders. In Chinese New Year, it is a practice that the younger children greet their elders and wished good luck and good health for that individual. In return, the elder would wish the younger individual good luck and a red envelop would be…show more content…
Destiny runs back and forth between the dining room and the living room. At her age, she is able to communicate with others. Some sentences that she says is not understandable, but most are very recognizable. At stage two of Erikson's theory, it proposes that babies can walk and have learned enough about language to communicate with others by the age of two. He believes that children at this stage have the dual desire to hold on and to let go (Salvin 50). When Destiny broke off the flower, she learns that it was a mistake and moves on. According to Erikson, parents who are flexible enough to permit their children to explore freely and do thing for themselves, while at the same time providing a present guiding hand, encourage the establishment of a sense of autonomy (Slavin 50). Destiny's mother lets her explore freely in new environment but follows behind her in case something

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