Cultural appropriation is the product of globalisation in the 21st century. Fashion designers from around the globe are continuously appropriating from one another. Cultural appropriation refers to the adoption of cultural elements from other cultures (Young, 2008). Appropriation has given the freedom to the dominant group to dress beautifully; however, it has devastating consequences for the minority group being appropriated, particularly the Native Americans. For decades, social activists were unsuccessful in stopping companies from selling Native inspired designs (Trevor, 2016).
39). Mademoiselle Reisz is a true artist in the novel, she is bound by no other thing than art, she responds and lives only for her art. Moreover, she becomes a mentor of sorts to Edna, teaching her what a true artist must possess in order to gain access to their true potential: “To be an artist includes much; one must possess many gifts – absolute gifts – which have not been acquired by owns own effort. And, moreover, to succeed, the artist must possess a courageous soul. The soul that dares and defines” (ch.
Erich Hatala Matthes, professor of moral philosophy, says, “Cultural appropriation can often seem morally problematic. When the abstract schemas above are filled in with details from actual events, we often find misrepresentation, misuse, and theft of the stories, styles, and material heritage of people who have been historically dominated and remain socially marginalized” (Matthes 343). When dominating groups of people (i.e. white people) misuse and twist the history of other groups, it is harmful and offensive. The people who are being misrepresented are often those who have been discriminated against in history.
Cultural appropriation is the act of taking or lending ideas, arts, foods, fashion styles and iconic objects from other cultures in another country (Ziff and Rao,1997). It has been around since the colonisation era. After that globalisation had allowed interactions with different groups of people which allowed more cultural appropriation. However, some people still consider it as stealing of intellectual properties, traditional knowledge and unique expressions without permission from a cultural community that does not belong to the individual. There are four types of cultural appropriation which are mainly exchange, dominance, exploitation and transculturation (Rogers, 2006).
According to a research study under university graduate Erich Matthes, cultural appropriation can be defined as “the representation of cultural practices or experiences by cultural “outsiders,”” (Matthes, 2). In other words, it occurs when people outside of a culture act as if they are in that culture, even though they do not want to actually be a part of it. Sometimes, it can be accidental, but most occasions of cultural appropriation are intentional. We see appropriation on a daily basis, whether it be the misrepresentation of cultures in film or celebrities manipulating cultural traditions. Take for example, the wearing of dreads by those who are not of African descent, or the display of a Bindi on people who do not have a link to Indian heritage.
Tanguy could be expressing an ultimate reality in this painting in his own cultural perspective. However, just like how Neumann explains it, although it can be represented differently, all aspect of art is related and is expressing the same bigger concept. In this case, it would be the ultimate reality or higher divine being. Personally, I would say that this piece can be considered expressionism because of how distorted the figures all seem. This is because “ultimate reality appears ‘breaking the prison of our form’...it breaks to pieces the surface of our own being and that of our world” (Tillich 232).
Its materialism restricts it because the experience is only visual which renders it more difficult to immerse the spectator into the quintessence of the painting, however, like music and poetry it can capture the essence of various objects. For example, Vermeer's Girl with a Pearl Earring captures the essence of "woman", however, it is not until after Nietzsche's philosophy that art can capture abstract concepts or emotions, which would have most probably raised its place in his hierarchy of art forms. Rothko's abstract paintings are a perfect example of how paintings can portray an abstract concept without depicting objects. Rothko was also a prime example of a Schopenhauerian genius in the sense that he completely disregarded whatever rules there were for painting and immersed himself into his art. In the words of Schopenhauer, "Only through pure contemplation...which becomes absorbed entirely in the object, are the ideas
Throughout American history, the population of the country has become more and more diverse, and with this growth in diversity comes the growth of the diversity of cultures in this society. However, cultural appropriation has become a problem as the American society became more and more diverse throughout the course of the years. Cultural appropriation is the theft of one culture’s intellectual property or key beliefs, generally by a larger culture, and then this larger culture using what is taken from a minority culture incorrectly or inappropriately. Cultural appropriation perpetuates many of the stereotypes found within American society, and it also is a main contributor to the misinterpretations of minority cultures within the country.
Cultural Appropriation is the adoption of elements used by one culture by members of another dominating culture. Cultural hegemony is the mechanism which drives this appropriation, as it enhances the manipulation of society through stereotypes; whereby, people are made to believe in certain values and perceptions. Our society is controlled through a white western culture, it exploits products, fashion and rituals from the less privileged groups, such as black Africans, Native Indians, Asians and the indigenous people. Therefore, this essay will evaluate how Cultural Appropriation, through the manipulation of cultural hegemony, is used by artists and designers, to make statements that oppose or support dominant ideologies based on ethnic groups. Cultural Appropriation allows for the robberies of cultures.
Cultural appropriation has been in the limelight over the years and this controversial topic has sparked off many debates. According to Sherwood (2017), the term “cultural appropriation” is defined as the act of adopting the elements of one culture by members of the presiding culture. It comes in many different forms, ranging from food, fashion to even music. While it may be deemed to be necessary for one to appreciate another’s culture, cultural appropriation, when used with the wrong intention, can potentially harm the originating culture (Brown, 2010). This is especially so in America’s music industry or more specifically, black music.