Bscs Learning Cycle Model

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Formative assessments are on-going and provide great opportunities for teachers to gauge their instruction as well as student to reflect upon their learning. Formative
Table 1. Comparison of the Phases of SCIS and BSCS Learning Cycle Model
SCIS Learning Cycle Model BSCS 5E Learning Cycle Model
Exploration

Invention (Term Introduction)

Discovery (Concept Application) Engagement (New Phase)

Exploration

Explaination

Elaboration

Evaluation (New Phase) assessments also provide great chance for students to apply feedback from the teacher and their peers to evaluate and make improvements to their work. Whereas, summative assessments are designed to unveil student learning
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Instruction models based on learning cycle is considered to be important and became popular as it uses coordinated coherent progression of lessons. BSCS curriculum developers precisely design and plan each activity to exemplify the given stage of the instructional model. To guarantee that the materials have the greatest chance of being implemented in the way they were intended and honor the integrity of the 5Es, BSCS developed two charts that explicitly show the salient structures of each stage of the 5Es. This model is considered beneficial in the classroom to students with the various instructional strategies and steps it provides (Bybee et al, 2006). In addition, the step by step process of going from the prior knowledge of the students to the final phases of elaboration and evaluation is constructive and logical for the students to follow. Instead of forcing students to memorize facts it allows them to be involved in inquiry based learning science experiences. Therefore, students will be learning with a purpose rather than to rigorously memorize facts. Table 2. Summary of the BSCS 5E Instructional Model
Phase
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This phase also offers opportunities for teachers to directly introduce a concept, process, or skill. Learners explain their understanding of the concept. An explanation from the teacher or the curriculum may lead them toward a deeper understanding, which is a critical part of this phase.

Teachers challenge and increase students’ conceptual understanding and skills. Through new experiences, the students develop deeper and broader understanding, more information, and proper skills. Students use their understanding of the concept by conducting additional activities.

Evaluation The evaluation phase inspires students to assess their understanding and abilities and provides opportunities for teachers to evaluate student progress toward achieving the educational objectives. Activities for students aligned with 5E make them to be active rather than simply being passive recipients of
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