Buchenwald Concentration Camp

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Buchenwald was the largest concentration camp. It was established in 1937 and was active until 1945. It was located in Weimar which is South of Berlin. By 1938 the majority of people there were Jews. Buchenwald was a labor camp. It was not an extermination camp like Auschwitz. The Nazis tried to kill as many of the Jews as possible. The prisoners would either work in a stone quarry, or armaments factory until they died from exhaustion or hunger. Many prisoners were beaten to death, or died from hunger and exhaustion. They would work 15 hour days of harsh labor. The prisoners were forced to poison experiments, burned, and infected with diseases. The new prisoners that arrived there would be welcomed by an “iron sign” which read, “Jedem das
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