High levels of blood glucose caused by diabetes can, over time, affect the nerves and lead to poor blood circulation, making it hard for blood needed for skin repair to reach areas of the body affected by sores or wounds. Harmful molecules dicarbonyls are broken down material of glucose that interferes with controlling infections and antimicrobial peptides that help defend the
The diastolic dysfunction will eventually lead to right-sided heart failure. Pulmonary edema or congestion happens when the left ventricle of the heart fails. This is simply because the inefficiency of its ventricle to pump effectively causes the blood to back up to the pulmonary capillaries as the pulmonary venous blood rises its pressure into the tissues and alveoli impairing the gas exchange. Pulmonary congestion will be manifested in crackles, difficulty of breathing, frothy pink-tinged sputum and shortness of breath. In addition, the decreased amount of blood ejected from the left side causes ineffective tissue perfusion.
COPD is referred to both chronic bronchitis and emphysema, the symptoms of COPD are persistent coughing with mucus, shortness in breath, and tightness in the chest, the treatment for COPD is medication and a change in lifestyle, oxygen therapy . Next emphysema is caused by cigarette smoking and other toxins such as industrial chemicals, in developing countries, the smoke that's caused by cooking or heating can cause emphysema. Even though smoking is a huge contributor to emphysema there are minor risk factors such as, a low body weight, child respiratory disorders, an exposure to cigarette smoke, air pollution/smog, and dust(mineral dust, cotton dust), also genetics can a lead cause to emphysema, for instance a close relative of someone with emphysema can or could get the disease themselves. There are three different morphological types of emphysema, centriactinare, panacinar, and paraseptal. Centriacinar emphysema is a form that is connected with long term cigarette smoking and it involves the upper half of a person's lungs, it beings at the respiratory bronchioles and spreads
One of the troubling things about it is that sometimes the signs or symptoms will not arise until the cancer has made a significant amount of progression. Some cancers may cause extreme tiredness or fatigue. This is because the multiplication of cancer cells takes up a lot of the body’s energy. Cancer cells can also release substances into your body that affect nerves and muscles and causes symptoms that can make a person weak or dizzy. For example, some pancreatic cancers release substances that cause blood clots in the veins of the legs.
In other cases, blood flow does not improve, and parts of the colon start to die. This is extremely serious and even life threatening. If this happens, surgery may be required. In some cases, parts of the colon may need to be removed. What are the causes?
However, it is more common at young and middle-aged men. Risk factors for prostatitis include: • History of prostatitis • Recent urinary tract infection • Being a young or middle-aged • Regular exercise (pelvic trauma: injury from bicycling) • Urinary catheter • Dehydration • Benign prostatic hyperplasia • Having HIV/AIDS • History of STDs Pathophysiological processes Acute bacterial prostatitis causes a tender, swollen gland; soft on palpation. This process is may or may not cause pain. The urine and prostatic secretions contain large quantities of microorganisms, pus, and leukocytes. The infection is caused by gram-negative bacteria that usually produce urinary tract infections (Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas, Klebsiella, Proteus, Staphylococcus aureus, and Streptococcus faecalis.)
Other conditions that cause anemia are HIV/AIDS, cancer, kidney disease, and sickle cell anemia. Primary polycythemia is caused by unregulated erythrocyte production. Polycythemia may occur because of hypoxia. When this occurs the body senses low oxygen levels and produces more erythrocytes to carry more oxygen to the body
(Spechler & Souza, 2014) In extreme cases, an esophagectomy may be recommended wherein the damaged portion of the esophagus is removed. It is also possible to destroy the damaged tissue endoscopically with a technique called ablation. (Spechler & Souza, 2014) In low grade cases, symptoms can be simply treated and the condition monitored to catch any worsening. Proton pump inhibitors (PPI) may be prescribed to prevent stomach acid from further damaging squamous tissue. (nih.gov, 2017) Other methods such as losing weight, sleeping at an angle, quitting smoking, avoiding certain foods, and using antacids can tame the rise of stomach acid and prevent further damage.
A few reasons many may not be as accepting to drug because of the stories regarding “having a bad trip” or individuals dying because of the use of synthetic marijuana. Over the years the plant has been altered to have a higher percentage of THC, which has stronger and faster effects than how it used to be in the 1900’s. There have also been ways to replicate the drugs where the effects are dangerous and sometimes fatal. The effects of synthetic marijuana are “vomiting, chest pain, increased heart rate, blackouts headaches, kidney damage, high blood pressure, and psychosis” (Rahn, 2014). The reason many individuals turn to synthetic marijuana is because real “marijuana is illegal in their state and it does not turn up on
Specific Characteristics : Crohn’s most commonly affects the end of the small bowel and the beginning of the colon, but it may affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract, from the mouth to the anus. Crohn’s disease can also affect the entire thickness of the bowel wall. The inflammation of the intestine can skip,leaving normal areas in the bowel between patches of diseased intestine. Causes: The cause of Crohn 's disease is unknown. However, it is likely due to an abnormal response of the immune system.
There is no known cure for SLE, the aim is to reduce symptoms. Treatment can differ depending on how severe the symptoms are and which part of the body is being affected. Medication that can be provided are Anti-inflammatory medication for joint pain and stiffness, Corticosteroids, to reduce the immune responses, antimalarial drugs for skin and joint problems and steroid medication. Diet and exercise should be taken into to consideration, avoiding certain foods and minimizing stress could decrease the likely hood of triggering symptoms. SLE is one of the more fatal forms of rheumatic diseases that affects women more than men.