In considering how much more complete Walmart’s response is in comparison to Loblaw’s, it is fitting that Walmart received a higher carbon disclosure ranking of 92% (Gomez, 2015). Metro’s complete carbon disclosure project, was not made public, but company scored an 89% which was higher than Loblaw’s score. In using metro CSR report, they company’s approach is to reducing lighting (energy) by using LED, and also like Loblaw’s, Metro monitors refrigeration leaks and waste (Metro Inc., 2015), (CDP, 2015). Therefore in terms of global warming and pollution, Loblaw’s is least advanced of the three industries due to lowest score; even despite the fact they meet more regularly than
3 MATERIALS AND METHODOLOGY 3.0 INTRODUCTION Energy analysis of buildings helps to simulate the amount of energy used in a building. It is very important as it helps to discover and ascertain new ways of conserving energy and ensuring energy efficiency of building components. Building developers, construction engineers are increasingly interested in creating more energy efficient reason, and for this purpose whole building energy simulation programs are being used to determine strategies that save energy and are cost effective. The most common way available to perform this building energy analysis is to implement building information modelling(BIM). Building Information Modelling(BIM) consists of a digital representation of physical and functional
Final Thoughts In a study, it was found that windows replacement project give a return of more than 75 percent of the project cost upon resale. However, the window you buy must improve the decor of your home and protect from extreme weather. You could buy ENERGY STAR® certified windows to keep your home warmer in winter and cooler in
This is especially true if you are looking to store belongings such as wooden furniture and clothing items. When these items are stored in standard storage units for long periods of time, it is not surprising to see mildews on the fabric and warped wood. If you are looking to provide added protection to your belongings, choose a self-storage facility which is climate controlled. A climate controlled facility basically includes heating and air conditioning units to maintain a consistent climate within the facility. 9.
Secondary-Expenditure (Food and Drinks, Clothes and Shoes, Paper based products, Education, etc.) Results The data was entered with the constraints being- Time frame (12 months) and Country (India). The following results were obtained The total personal carbon footprint is measured in tonnes of C02 equivalent per year. The total carbon footprint obtained was 2.59 metric tonnes of CO2e.The emissions can be broken down in terms of the activity as shown in the below figure 1. Fig.1 Personal Carbon footprint breakdown for 1 year (India)(unit- metric tonne of CO2e) The above figure shows that emission due to flights contributed the most to the total carbon footprint.
CHAPTER I: INTRODUCTION 1.1 Introduction The purpose of this dissertation is to seek out existing good practice in the selection process of fire protection strategies for buildings and to make suggestions that inform successful decision making on future projects. This will be achieved through the identification of the key considerations that influence design teams when selecting appropriate fire protection strategies. Further to this will be the identification of the design process and the clarification of their influence on the selection of the overall fire protection strategy. Fire safety in buildings is not a new topic but seriously being developed by many researchers over a period of time, especially fire safety in workplace.
Daylight is to be used both as an appealing medium and as a practical technique to reduce our dependence on electric light. The combination and complementarity of daylight quality and quantity gives us the potential to achieve sustainable and beautiful architecture. (Baker & Steemers, 2002) This is supported in Section 3.3.1 of Guidelines on Energy Conserving Design of Buildings, “The lighting design shall utilize the energy efficient lighting equipment. The lighting system shall be so chosen as to provide a flexible, effective, and pleasing visual environment in accordance with the intended
Insulation acts as a barrier to heat loss and heat gain, particularly in the roofs, walls and floors. Installing an appropriate insulation helps to maintain the indoor temperature of the room and have positive effects on the health (Omer 2008 145). Insulation is not just limited to the roofs but can be installed in the walls, floors and ceilings which helps to reduce energy consumption by 20-30% (Sustainable Home Design n.d.). 3.0 Affective factors Affective factors refers to the interior representation and decoration of the modern working or living place which influence the emotional and mental state of the people. This includes the appropriate use of colours, lighting and decoration schemes in designing an ideal living room.
Celik continues to point out the building industry's contribution in this coming not only from the energy use of construction activities, but also material utilisation and its embodied or capital energy, as also identified by Aye et al. (2010, 929). Drawing attention to both usage and consumption identifies how the application of sustainable design principles positively influences resource
• Outline the data requirements for whole life building cost analysis with a detailed analysis of the importance of using accurate and most up to date information. • Review risk assessment techniques for whole life building cost analysis. • Review existing whole life building cost analysis implementation models taking into account the influence of sustainable energy. Chapter 5: Conclusions, Recommendations and Future Research This chapter presents the conclusions, recommendations and future research for this research