Germany had always been a divided country from the start of the Potstam meeting where that Berlin, the capital of Germany would be divided into four zones of occupation where the Allies (France, Britain and America) would occupy the Western Zones and the Soviets would occupy the Eastern zones. Whilst Russia’s aim was to cripple Germany, the other allies wanted to build it up into a strong country. It was due to this plan of Russia’s to cripple Germany that the Berlin blockade and airlift occurred. After Western Germany began to flourish in terms of economy the USSR decided to close all rail roads, canals and other forms of transport to Western Berlin in order to cripple them and 2.5 million people were cut off from food supplies. The result
Freedom is defined as “the power or right to act, speak, or think as one wants without hindrance or restraint.” However, prior to 1989, citizens of Berlin, Germany were somewhat unaware of this concept that seems so commonplace to Americans. The Berlin wall was built through the middle of the German capital, separating east and west Europe. The eastern half was ridden with economic restraint, poverty, and communism, while the western half was quite acquainted with freedom and the pleasures of the western world. Ronald Reagan, the president of the United States from 1981-1989, spoke at the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin in 1987, urging the government to tear down the dividing wall and expose both halves to personal and economic freedom. Reagan uses
Post-Reading-Mending Wall: Research Assignment: Berlin Wall: 1. Why was the wall built in the first place? The Berlin wall was a wall that divided Berlin from 1961 to 1989.In 1949 Germany was split to two separate countries: The Federal Republic of Germany -West Germany, controlled by the Allies, and the German Democratic Republic -East Germany, controlled by the Soviet Union. One of the reasons why the wall was built was that there was a massive abandonment of people from East Germany to West Germany from 1949 to 1961, because the life in the west were much better than in the east of Germany .In 1952 by Stalin’s order; the East German government closed the Inner German border, by building a fortified fence along it. This act didn’t help,
The Soviet leader announced that the citizens of Berlin were now free to cross over the Wall. On November 9, 1989 the East German government opened the barriers (“Berlin Wall,” Encyclopedia Britannica). East and West Germany were officially united in 1990 ("Berlin Wall Built"). “The Berlin Wall came to symbolize the Cold War’s division of East from West Germany and of East from West Europe.” The West saw the Wall as a clear image of socialist oppression. There are still a few socialist countries today, but it is not as popular as it was before the Berlin Wall.
During world war 2 the whole world was shocked by the signing of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact which was a neutrality act that prevented two of the most feared dictators in the world, Hitler from Germany and Stalin from the USSR, to attack each other and ally or aid an enemy of the other nation throughout the continuation of the war. The pact was signed in Moscow on August 23, 1939 by ministers of foreign affairs Joachim von Ribbentrop representing Germany and Vyacheslav Molotov representing the USSR. The pact ended in June 22, 1941 after the disastrous invasion of Russia codenamed operation Barbarossa in which Hitler’s army was defeated by the Russian winter resulting in the Germans loss of momentum causing Hitler to become the military general
Reagan mentions these facts in his “Tear Down this Wall Speech” to make everyone listening realize that Berlin has come a long ways in a short period of time. Ronald Reagan said, “From devastation, from utter ruin, you Berliners have, in freedom, rebuilt a city that once again ranks as one of the greatest on Earth.” He uses facts to get this point across to all of the listeners around the world, and by doing so, he has indirectly won the favor of
Winston Churchill inspired the West to be strong and united to fight against such plans and conspiracies of Russia. Sir Winston Churchill used figurative language to clear the position of Russia and it was after his this speech that people of Unite States got against Russia in their opinions and ideas and the popularity f Russia got dimed among the citizens of United States. Winston Churchill delivered the speech to help maintain peace not only in the region but also in the world however due to insecurities of people and other countries this led to a start of cold war among them. The purpose of his speech was also to unite Americans with their allies and among each other to hold a strong upfront against any of the enemies. Truman Doctrine is
On June 26, 1963, John F. Kennedy stopped in the city of West Berlin in Germany which, at the time, was under American, French, and British control after the city of Berlin was split into four sections controlled by France, Great Britain, United States of America, and the Soviet Union following World War 2. Kennedy delivered this speech in order to reassure the citizens of West Berlin that they had the support of the Western powers such as America despite attempts from the Soviet Union to destroy West Berlin by blockading all roads and railways into West Berlin and constructing the infamous Berlin Wall to prevent those who were living under Soviet control from moving from East Berlin to West Berlin and achieving freedom. Kennedy used this speech to not only show support to the people of West Berlin, but also to show the Soviet Union that the USA and other powerful nations were backing up the citizens of West Berlin who were willing to
At the end of WW2 the United States had so much power, influence, and reach around the world, even they were frightened how they stood alone when taking into consideration the balance of power idea. The Soviet Union wanted this badly, so in their minds, by invading Afghanistan and aiding the Marxist allies, they
Hitler made countless mistakes in World War 2. Some mistakes had little effect on the war’s outcome, whereas others caused major problems for Hitler and his Nazis. One costly mistake that Hitler made was invading the United Soviet Socialists Republic, also known as ‘Operation Barbarossa’. In the years leading up to the invasion, the USSR and Germany signed a political and economic pact for strategic purposes.
 The idea of containment was first proposed by U.S. diplomat George F. Kennan, during the presidency of U.S. president Harry S. Truman, to stop the spread of communism.  Kennan proposed that the United States aid in the development of democratic countries by giving them economic and political support, military equipment and training, and also waging war against communist regimes if necessary. Rebels would be given support so that they could overthrow the ruling communist governments. Kennan 's ideas were heavily criticized by newspapers, but his idea of blocking the expansion of Soviet influence remained a key interest and main strategy of the United States throughout the Cold War. Containment was first used during the Korean War in which NATO forces intervened and fought off North Korean and Chinese forces from taking over all of Korea and creating a communist government.