Union General Irvin McDowell believed his army of 35,000 would be able to defeat Confederate General P.G.T. Beauregard’s 20,000, but the Confederates managed to hold him off while reinforcements arrived. Eventually the Confederates retreated upwards to Henry House Hill, where Confederate General Thomas Jackson got his troops ready to meet the Union advance (“Bull Run” 1). By 1 PM, many Union soldiers had been fighting for ten hours in addition to having marched six miles before the battle. Then Confederate backups began to arrive and by 2 PM began a counter attack. However, it ended in confusion because units on both sides shared uniforms of the same color and style. A regiment in Jackson’s brigade changed into blue uniforms and were thought to be Union support until it was too late and they had destroyed the battery, sparking panic. McDowell lacked the force needed as Union reserves could not come. His soldiers were tired and their line collapsed before troops fled (“The First Battle” 1). There were no important consequences for either side, but the battle did show the ferocity and bloodshed that was to come as the war progressed (Cooper 1). The next year, Thomas Jackson was burning a Union supply base, so Major General John Pope sent his forces to converge at Bull Run. Jackson moved his troops north to John Brawner’s farm, where a fierce battle soon took place; one of every three men was shot. There were 32,000 Union soldiers against 22,000 Confederates but Brigadier General Rufus King’s forces managed to hold off Jackson until evening. The same day, 25,000 men were arriving as Confederate reinforcements. Pope sent small brigades to advance one after
There were many major battles of the Civil War, the first one was Fort Sumter, others were the First Battle of Bull Run, Shiloh, Seven days battle, Fredericksburg, Vicksburg, and Gettysburg ("Civil War Battles”). The first battle at Fort Sumter, there were five hundred and eighty soldiers,
The Battle of Fredericksburg was fought on December 11-15th 1862. The Potomac Union soldiers, commanded by Ambrose Burnside, came into battle with over 100,000 soldiers ready for combat. For the Confederacy, the number of soldiers was about half of the Union’s amount with only around 70,000. This battle was the first Urban battle of the war, forcing citizens and families out of their homes and some into the woods. The Battle begins with General Burnside planning to attack the Union army but ended up failing because of a miscommunication at the Rappahannock River between general Burnside and general Halleck. During the dilemma for the Union, the Confederacy was able to occupy a strong position at Marye’s Heights. After the Union crossed, Burnside ordered his left wing to attack Lee’s right. General Meade of the Union then was able to temporarily break Jackson’s line but failed to send more troops in to capitalize on it. In return the Union army was defeated by Jackson. Meanwhile, the Union army was also getting slaughtered by
There are many important battles in the civil war. The battle of Antietam was the most important. Because it was the bloodiest battle, the Emancipation Proclamation and it was the beginning of the end of Mclean.
On April 6, 1862 the Battle of Shiloh began and lasted for approximately a day and half; this battle was fought between General Albert Sidney Johnston and General Ulysses S. Grant and led to the South’s demise in the war. The battle site was named Shiloh due to the small church that stands in the middle of the battlefield. In this particular battle of the civil war, General Albert Sidney Johnston died. He was the highest ranking General of the civil war; on either side. General Ulysses S. Grant, and many others, considered this battle to be the bloodiest battle of the civil war.
Louis P. Masur’s book, The civil War: a Concise History, Is a book that gives an overview of the civil war from 18 to 1800, Providing multiple causes an consequences that emerged from the war. The book begins by reviewing the origins of the war. Chapter one covers the issues between northern and southern states and the tension over right and slave possession. The tension created a conflict that raised a number of political, social, and military events that then proceeded into a battle to abolish slavery from the colonies. After that, In April 1861, the the first shot of the war was fired and more than 600,000 soldiers were killed and wounded. A large portion of the South was consumed by violent battles, making the Union nearly
The battles of lexington and concord happened on April 18, 1775. It was started by the higher ranking officers sending troop regiments to Lexington first then Concord. The battles were fought by the minutemen and british soldiers. The british soldiers were trying to take control and get supplies. The minutemen were trying to push the british out.
The most important battle during the Civil War was the Battle of Gettysburg. This was a battle that took place over three days in the small Pennsylvania town of Gettysburg on July 1, 1863. This battle was the turning point of the civil war which successfully stopped the Southern Confederate Armies led by General Robert E. Lee from taking over the north. The Battle of Gettysburg was the most important battle of the Civil War because it was the largest of the civil war battles, successfully pushing back southern armies away from the north, and was the major defeat of the south. The battle of Gettysburg is still considered to historians to not only be the most important battle of the Civil war but the deciding factor towards victory.
The year was 1861 and the first battle had already begun. The country was now divided as two teams, the confederates and the unions. I wasn’t looking forward to the upcoming battle that was about to happen. I sat in my tent in silence, thinking about what might happen. Starting to feel uneasy about this battle I grabbed my rifle for comfort. It felt weird that I look at my gun as a safe object. I laid back and sighed. I let my guard down for too long, I needed to get it up again.
“Texas will again lift its head and stand among the nations’. Says Sam Houston when the fight for Texas independence began (Texas revolution). At the battle of Gonzales on October 1835, Sam Houston played a major role in fighting for independence, he lead the soldiers of Texas through the battles of gaining independence. He is a politician and a soldier, he was born at timber ridge plantation. On March 11th he joined in at the battle of Gonzales. They then retreated from the battle. After this was the battle of Goliad. This was the second battle of the Texas revolution, at Goliad they killed republic of Texas prisoners and leader James fanning. This was ordered by Santa Anna. The third battle of the Texas revolution was the battle of the Alamo.
Known as the bloodiest single-day battle in American History, the Battle of Antietam took place at Antietam creek in Maryland. Strategic plan unveiled and outnumbered, things didn’t start off smoothly for General Robert E. Lee and the Confederate army; yet, even with a copy of the enemy’s plan and a two-to-one advantage, did things work out for Union! With one side disadvantaged and the other wasting their advantages, the battle stayed undecided for hours- that is until violent attacks to General Lee’s troop had the Confederate army retreating. Although, the Battle of Antietam does not have a clear victorious side, the Union declared it as a victory and used the victory to justify the “Emancipation Proclamation”
History. The battle of Antietam took place at Washington County on September 16-18, 1862. the union army was led by George B. McClellan. With 12.400 casualties, 2,100 killed, 9,550 wounded and 750 missing. (education-portal.com) The confederacy, led by Robert E. Lee, suffered more of a loss even though they had less casualties then the union, having 10,320. Oh those casualties, 1,550 died, 7,750 injured and 1,020 missing. just from 6 to 10 am, over 8,000 confederate soldiers had died. (education-portal.com) The north won and it was the bloodiest single day in American history. The battle of Antietam we will now remember as the bloodiest day in U.S. history with 23,000 total casualties. In this year year overall, the north was coming out on top
During the civil war, there were two battles in Saltville, VA. The first battle took place on October 2, 1864, and it resulted in a confederate victory; the following day, the Saltville Massacre occurred. The second battle, the topic of this report, took place on December 20 and 21st. This was the second time Union troops actively attempted to capture the Saltworks. Days before the attack in Saltville, the Union troops fought in Marion and Wytheville. Confederate John Breckinridge had roughly 500 men stationed in Saltville under the command of Colonel Robert Preston. Basil W. Duke, a Confederate general officer, also had another cavalry unit stationed in the town. The Union troops outnumbered the Confederates 1400 to 500. The main commanders
We fought at the Battle of Bull Run on July 21, 1861. It happened near Manassas, Virginia, and it was the first major battle of the Civil War. My unit was one of the last to leave, and we had many casualties.
The Civil War is considered to be the bloodiest episodes of warfare in American History. During this war, there were numerous well known battles. One of the most famous battles was called the Second Battle of Bull Run. The Second Battle of Bull Run was fought over August 28-30, 1862. Although this battle lasted only 3 days, there were approximately 22,000 casualties during this span. Major General John Pope lead approximately 62,000 Union soldiers in the Second Battle of Bull Run. On the other side, the Confederates were lead by General Robert E. Lee. Despite having fewer men, the Confederates were ultimately victorious as a result of their superior military strategy and their understanding and use of the local terrain. The Second Battle of Bull Run was greatly impacted by both the resources of the both the Union and the Confederate troops, as well as by the local geography of the battle.