First of all the geography forced the Confederates to switch from offense to defense. The Battle of Gettysburg was the first and last battle fought in the North. All the other battles were fought in the South so the Confederate’s people and towns were constantly in danger. Document A illustrates that the General Lee were tired of being on the defense and wanted to be on the offense for a change. Document A states that even though the Confederates tried their hardest they were pushed back onto the defensive and ultimately lost the war (273).
The battle of bunker hill was both a win and a loss for the British army. The British army was surprised to see the Americans there threatening them. British military custom demanded that the British attack the Americans, even though the Americans were in a superior position. The troops stormed up the hill. The Americans waited until they could see the white of their eyes and fired.
European style of fighting involved large numbers of companies forming a line in an open field and taking turns firing upon one another. Britain practiced this style of fighting, as it had worked for them in the past. The Patriots had adopted an old, yet new to them, style of fighting from the Natives called Guerrilla Warfare largely inspired by Francis “Swamp Fox” Marion. Americans imposed surprise attacks or had riflemen in woods that could pick off British officers from a distance, although this went against “gentleman’s warfare”. In the Battle of Trenton, General Washington and his troops crossed the Delaware River into Trenton and attacked German Hessians based there on Christmas morning.
Eventually, South Carolina took control of the fort, thus becoming the first Confederate victory. The Union and Confederate forces battled at Manassas, Virginia. Both armies attacked each other as they met on the left flank. The South was able to build up enough troops to overrun the Union, causing them to retreat to the North. This is another Confederate victory.
The First Battle of Fort Sumter began on April 12, 1861, when Confederate artillery fired on the Union garrison. These were the first shots of the war and continued all day, watched by many civilians in a celebratory spirit. The fort had been cut off from its supply line and surrendered the next day. The Second Battle of Fort Sumter (September 8, 1863) was a failed attempt by the Union to retake the fort, dogged by a rivalry between army and navy commanders. Although the fort was reduced to rubble, it remained in Confederate hands until it was evacuated as General Sherman marched through South Carolina in February 1865.
When the Benedict Arnold one of America’s most gifted officer turned out to be a traitor the American Morale took another blow. Charles Cornwallis moved his men to Yorktown Virginia. After nightfall on the October 6, the troops moved out in a cold and stormy weather to make a plan and dig their first battle field. The heavy overcast weather was shielding the huge digging operation from the British’s eyes.
In using artillery and air power of weapons like the M163 Vulcan, M42A1 Skysweeper, and the MIM23 Hawk we were able to take down our enemies. There was 2.7 million soldiers that served in the Vietnam War. In this being said there were 58,000 that died or remained missing, and 300,000 that were wounded. More than one hundred forty billion dollars was spent on this war. The U.S failed to overcome its objective of preserving an independent, noncommunist state in Vietnam, now no one knows how or why we fought this war or weather the military outcome was possible for the United States.
The period from 1960’s to 1970’s was a hardship time for Americans because of Vietnam invasion. In an attempt to contain and defeat communism, the United States, oblivious of the enemy capability and filled with pride, invaded Vietnam at a cost of large financial expense and human lives. North Vietnamese military supported by forces of China and the Soviet Union fought the American force ferociously and was able to force America to end its invasion in 1975. As with most other third world countries, Vietnam also has a long history of colonization by European powers. The territory that occupies modern-day Laos, Vietnam, and Cambodia, was part of French-Indochina, as one of France’s collection of many colonies.
This battle was one of the most significant because it had the highest amount of casualties of the battles during the War, and it brought about Lincoln’s famous Gettysburg Address speech. This speech honored the soldiers killed during the battle and reminded the people of the purpose of the soldier’s sacrifices, which were to be equal, free, and to have national unity. Robert E. Lee led his army of Northern Virginia to collect supplies in Pennsylvania farmland and take the fight away from Virginia. He wanted to threaten Northern cities, weaken their appetite for war to be able to win the battle on Northern Soil to strengthen the peace movement of the North.2 There were great losses to both sides of the army’s, but the Confederate army was most defeated. Lee led his army back to Virginia with their victory despite their mass
Lee began his campaign on June 3, 1863. It aided in the leading of the Battle of Gettysburg because in the early events of the war, the Union authorities were in the dark when it came to Lee’s intentions. When Hooker got word that Confederate troops were collecting about 25 miles northwest of Fredericksburg, he reacted. Hooker called 7,000 of his troopers and 3,000 of his best foot soldiers and gave the orders to “disperse and destroy.” This acted as the first and only offensive that Hooker launched during Lee’s invasion. Lee’s campaign tried to “trick” Union forces by getting them to focus on something else.
The Battle of Chancellorsville was fought from April 30, 1863- May 6, 1863. This was one of Robert E. Lee’s greatest victory during the American Civil War due to him facing an enemy force nearly twice the size of his own. The battle was fought because of the Unionj troops crossing Rapphahnnock River. When the Union troop crossed the river it caused the conderates to retaliate. The war would not end until the Unions retreated back to there
It is not a mere coincidence because in previous battles, letters were received late due to the vast distances of the Union division and Buford’s division lost the battle at Thorofare Gap (Shaara xx). Shaara portrays the advantage of Buford’s actions from Confederate Lieutenant Longstreet, “gazing back on that black hill above Gettysburg, that high lighted hill already speckled with fires among the gravestones, he smelled disaster like distant rain” (127). Longstreet is describing Cemetery Hill, which was secured by Buford and was filled with night camps of Union troops. The Union Army can now see any Confederate attack, has the vantage point to destroy the Confederate Army, and can win the battle. The disorganization in the formation of the Union divisions causes the divisions to be scattered, which then causes communication to be difficult and Buford to plan ahead of orders.
As for the outcome of the battles, both had very high death tolls and in Gallipoli the campaign failed but in France the campaign paid off. At Gallipoli, the ANZACs were mostly facing the Turkish army. Their main goal was to gain possession of the Straits of the Dardanelles. Britain wanted possession of these straits so they could ship supplies to their allies in Russia. The ANZACs tried many different attacks to try and overtake the Straits and in his diary, Ellis Silas, a
America’s Secret D-Day Disaster America’s Secret D-Day Disaster is a compelling documentary that takes a look at Exercise Tiger, one of the lesser known events of World War Two. Exercise Tiger was supposed to be just a practice run for the invasion of Normandy, but it ended in tragedy. Lack of communication, an attack from German ships, and other coordination mistakes caused the death of over 600 soldiers. With the death toll being so significantly high for a rehearsal exercise, many would ask if Exercise Tiger was really necessary. Though the exercise did not go as planned and many soldiers died, Exercise Tiger helped to prepare the allied forces for the real D-Day invasion in Normandy, France.