Although congress plays a big role on national policy issues, the institution does not always lead. The reason for this is due to Congress’s structure. Congress is made up of the House, and the Senate. Both houses have their own authority and constituency base. It is important to note that Congress is structured in such a way that slows down the legislation process.
Federal bureaucracies are a large role in our government by managing thousands of federal programs. These bureaucracies hold a lot of power but still have to be held accountable. The President, Congress, the judicial system, and the federal bureaucracy itself hold federal agencies accountable. The President has the power to hold federal bureaucracies accountable through executive orders but does not personally have the knowledge or time to oversee bureaucracies on a day-to-day basis (Patterson, 2013). The President can use reorganization and presidential appointees to manage federal bureaucracies.
Matthew Wong Ms.Yuan History-Duke 12 October 2017 How the Constitution affects tyranny That could happen if the Constitution was not set in place to guard against tyranny. Tyranny occurs when the government has an absolute ruler who rules harshly. The previous constitution, the Articles of Confederation, was not very powerful and lacked many laws needed leading to a decision to forward a new constitution. The Constitution set up different laws to split the power between different powers so that they would never be ruled by a tyrant once more. As such, they split the power between the state and central government, federalism, so that one government does not have more power than the other.
Sinclair then examines how partisan polarization affects the politics and the process of lawmaking in a chamber with non-majoritarian rules and with members accustomed to exploiting those rules fully. What has been the impact of partisan polarization on the relationship between the president and Congress in the policy-making process? Does the president do better or worse at getting bills in a form he likes from Congress when congressional partisanship is high or low? What has been the effect of increasing partisan polarization on whether the president and Congress
One would obviously take the position of the experts on the mere fact that they are experts on that topic, however, members of Congress have to take into account the category of people who will get him reelected and normally that is the ordinary citizen. So by voting on a topic based on the not so expert opinion of the ordinary citizen bills, and enacting proposals they may not bring fourth the best solution where as if they would vote on the experts opinion it would be a resourceful way to go about enacting or proposing bills in the House. Arnold has a different way to view the unpopularity of congressmen that is more understandable because I believe they have to take into account numerous amounts of situations, outcomes, and deal with many different people and many more different opinions, congressmen sometimes find themselves caught in the middle choosing between siding with the people because that mean a higher chance of reelection or
After completing the mock Congress simulation, I obtained a greater understanding in how a bill becomes a law in addition to the factors that may prevent its passage. The diversity of roles that students were assigned as representatives offered a glimpse into how complex the legislative process really is. Bills are passed with the near universal intent of positively impacting the American people. However, this impact may not be universally distributed across demographics and in some cases it can hurt the constituents that one represents. With so many agendas, public and private, clashing and coinciding with each other in Congress, even the smallest of bills require a massive collective effort to become law.
Second Response Paper Interest group politics is the attempt by any organized group in society to influence government policy through normal extra-electoral channels like lobbying or advertising. Interest group politics is intertwined with electoral politics; the main difference is that interest groups do not seek to win political office. Interest groups are held together by the shared interests and goals of their members. Whereas there are any numbers of potential interest groups, narrow economic interests are better represented in the system than broader political or moral concerns. (Cengage) The chapter solely focuses on the impact of interest groups in American politics.
Salvarez: Yes, the general public does not always have the education to be able to elect a suitable candidate for this demanding job. The voting public is also not always interested in what is best, sometimes it is what is aesthetically pleasing or a political facade. Ms. Mejia: Could you explain to our listeners what judicial review is? Mrs. Salvarez: Of course, the quickest way to summarize judicial review is having the power to review and cancel laws if they are determined unconstitutional, it also holds the power to undo public policy. Ms. Mejia: Do you have an example from a recent case that you could provide?
After the Revolutionary War, the rewriting and ratification of the Constitution, and the inauguration of George Washington as president, the nation still had many political issues to deal with, however different groups in the government had very different opinions and strategies about how to solve them and how the new government should be run. This lead to the development of political parties. The two first parties were the Federalists and the Democrat-Republicans. One way the original political parties in America differed was their thoughts on whether or not our government should be “ruled by the wealthy class” versus “ruled by the people”. The Federalists party, founded by Alexander Hamilton, believed that the government should be ruled by the wealthy.
Many will name different and more political reasons as to what the causes of “congressional gridlocking” is. My answer isn’t as political. I believe that one of the reasons for inaction is that congress is too stubborn. I believe that the government should learn to evolve and create new rules or balances to help pass laws to fix demanding issues. A more political solution or way to put it, I guess, is to use an example I found during my research.
Bipartisanship is crucial to passing effective legislation. When both party disagree with each other gridlock occurs. This gridlock forces both sides to stonewall the other to get a bill passed that is lopped sided favoring one party over the other. Bipartisanship allows all voices to be heard which creates a bill that congress can pass that represents the greater good of the country rather than one party’s constituency. With bipartisanship congress works smoother and is favored by the country with positive rating.
1. The role of the Congress is to enact legislation, approve treaties and foreign policy related budget spending. It has equal power to the President, although their respective influence varies over time. 2. Congressional Accommodation refers to the moments in which the Congress cooperates with the President, allowing him to exercise more power in foreign politics.