Corruption is a social, political and economic phenomenon that affects almost every country around the world today. A lot of government and non-government organizations have been established and devoted in compacting corruption. According to the international World Bank corruption is the misuse of public power (by elected politician or appointed civil servant) for private gain (1997, UNDP, 1999). This essay will highlight and discuss three arguments against the corrupted practice of President Baron Waga, the justice minister and other MPs of Nauru. It will also critically evaluate the actions of the politicians using the theory of deontology and the habits and character traits of the politician with regards to the principle of virtue ethics.
This resulted in many poorly paid public workers that encouraged them to take bribes as part of the salary structure. In fact, "the police and judiciary were ranked as the second and third most corrupt institutions in India, after political parties--have thwarted conviction, and arguably increased incentives for bribery. At least 42% of young Indians have paid a
Corruption in leadership/government What I Know, Assume, or Imagine The issue of corruption in leadership has been rampant nowadays. Corruption is like a disease that eats the society and affects everyone in it. I think that we as followers are partly to blame for the occurrence of corruption. This is because we allow it to get to situations that benefit us. A good example is when people offer bribes to the officials of a certain big company to get employment and yet they are qualified to get it anyway but want to be sure that they will get the chance.
Lately there has been discussions going on about the substandard act of corruption that is at high prevalence in our society and there is a concern on the impact it may have on our development in Namibia. What is corruption? This is an act of misuse of power usually political for the benefit of private gain. According to the (Business Dictionary, 2016), “Wrongdoing on the part of an authority or powerful party through means that are illegitimate, immoral, or incompatible with ethical standards. Corruption often results from patronage and is associated with bribery.” I strongly agree to the fact that it led to the bane of sustainable development in Namibia.
Corruption in Business Corruption in business has become one of the most serious issues in our society. Corruption is defined as wrongdoing on the part of an authority or powerful party through means that are illegitimate, inconsistent or immoral with ethical standards. The majority of countries are struggling to decrease the corruption, but still it exists in business. Even though companies know about that corruption can jeopardise business, individuals consider it profitable. In addition, it might help their business communication, but there have been a large amount of risk as a result.
(Coronel, 2004) said that corruption worsens income equity and poverty where instead of helping the poor and the needy, the government or the governmental institutions to be specific seek to largely contribute to services which is not even used and is not that relevant or is used by the people. Corruption also is said to damage the legitimacy and democracy of the government where citizens become suspicious towards the intentions of the authority. As (Johnston, 1997) stated, corruption begets bad politics, and bad politics begets further corruption; where politics and corruption as viewed nowadays are intertwined. Corruption is said to endanger public order and safety, where the laws are being bent and the people are not regulating the forces of the government which leads to massive riots and slow decline of governmental
Members of the same clan or tribe often ‘help’ each other, even when it involves illegal corruption. This, coupled with other factors of management like lack of goodwill from the government of the day, has made it very hard to fight corruption in Kenya. Corruption is a threat to the stability of societies and the establishment and maintenance of the rule of law. It obstructs sustained economic development, leads to
Political party financing and election campaigns can promote corruption. Corruption can be used to reward supporters, buy opponents, and provide support to major groups of voters. Political institutions are particularly susceptible to corruption. Most industrial countries have a foundation of democratic values, transparent processes established, active and independent media. These traditions limit corruption, while in developing countries government institutions are weaker, civil society is less engaged and political processes are less transparent.
From the above literature review, one can conclude that the main problems of democracy are fairness and transparency, the influence of big money and that the individual desires for profit manipulate the democratic process and the public sector. As a result, it is obvious the imperfection of the current pollical systems, and as an extension the representative democracies. Is common to see that the representatives act for their self-interests or for a group of minorities that supports them, and have been accused of corruption. This means that not all voices are being heard and there is no equal distribution of power. People are not motivated to participate in such unfair political system and wish for a more direct fair democracy.
Indeed, India is ranked 85 on Transparency International’s ranking of how corrupt a country is viewed as by it’s people. It is therefore clear that corruption is major problem within India and, as evidenced by the nation’s corruption perception index, erodes citizens’ faith in the government, in addition to being a serious obstacle to economic development within the country. Corruption may take many forms; embezzlement, bribery, nepotism and many other similar undesirable governmental phenomena all constitute corruption. There are in fact a myriad of such activities that fall under the ambit of corruption and no list of such activities could be complete as these activities multiply according to the creativity and ingenuity of their perpetrators. However, one thing that is common to virtually all corrupt activities is the generation of black money.