So, when citizens feel oppressed by the unjust nature of the government they will prevent unfair treatment. Therefore this explains the importance of challenging unjust laws to keep government on a small scale by civilians acting as the counter force to balance authority and prevent corruption. Dr. King also supports this when he describes two types of laws that determine when civil disobedience is needed and a responsibility. He advocates, “one has not only a legal but a moral responsibility to obey just laws” and “a moral responsibility to disobey unjust laws” (King 2). Similar to Antigone she tells Creon about her defying acts, her moral duty and how the “final justice that rules the world below makes no such law” against morals that need to be refuted (Antigone 10).
Securing these rights is the most fundamental responsibility of his government. Also, some people may ask that how the government balances the whim of the state and the whim of the individual. In Jefferson’s perspective, “That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the people to alter or to abolish it…” (119), what Jefferson really means is that when people feel their safety and happiness are being infringed upon, they have rights to institute a new government. But Jefferson also emphasizes that only when people suffer from “a long train of abuses and usurpations” (119), is it a good way to change the government. People only hurt themselves when they intend to change the government because of some small mistakes.
In the first section of Common Sense, Thomas Paine characterizes government as he sees it, which is still an influential viewpoint. His characterization is perhaps best summed up in his own succinct words: “government even in its best state is but a necessary evil.” These words speak measures to his attitude towards the fundamental nature of government—an attitude that shaped a political party in his time that has evolved over time with the core concept relatively intact. For Paine and modern conservatives alike, government is only rendered necessary due to the inadequacies of moral virtue in running a society. To illustrate this concept, Paine supports his idea with a hypothetical island. When a society develops, it will become necessary for a government to compensate for the eventual defect of moral virtue in individuals.
This method of separation is known as “checks and balances” referring to the three branches of government the executive, legislative, and judicial branch. The legislative branch is supposed to be the stronger one. It consists of the Congress divided in two chambers: a House of Representatives and a Senate. The members of the House of Representatives are elected by the people and have the responsibility of encouraging popular consent and the Senate is elected by the state legislatures. The executive branch consists of the president, who has the power to receive international ambassadors, negotiate treaties with acceptance of the Senate, and appoint major personnel.
Intellectuals and pamphlets that contradicted with Legalists opinions were ruined. Legalists, also requested people to anticipate the same way and not increase too much of person’s understanding. Confucianism and Legalism had distant principles and concepts of what was valuable, but they were all philosophies that processed towards a familiar objective of reconciliation and conformity. Confucius thought that the universe was made of organized orders in both the clan and the politics, and that people at the highest of the ranking should regulate with compassion to gain the dignity of their issues. They maintained the acceptance of Legalism, in which the people must contribute their all to the state and rulers used firm society and severe disciplines to keep people in control, trusting that humans were typically destructive and dishonest.
Democracy is often loudly declared to be the correct form of government, but the very principles that it is built from can have tendencies towards less laudable consequences. As Tocqueville examined democracy in America, he attempted to discover the origin of democratic principles and the potential for them to turn sour over time. Such a line of questioning is important to the long-term stability of the democratic system, and Tocqueville discusses many tendencies in democracy that he believes lead towards a degradation of society. He holds that essential characteristics of the democratic character such as equality, liberty, and individualism can also result issues such as majority tyranny, a herd mentality, low asperations, and despotism. He thought that these issues could arise in democracy over time if sufficient measures were not taken against them, and it is worthwhile to consider that what he discovered could someday happen might be already taking
Vertical accountability means that the government is accountable to its citizens and the protection of their rights and freedoms. Horizontal accountability makes certain that the government in power is restrained by other governmental institutions that keeps it regulated. Accountability is essential to ensure that the actions and decisions of the government public officials meet their objectives, keeping in mind the best interest of its citizens. A more concrete and fundamental system is essential in order for there to be constraints on the PM’s power in regards to policy changes, annual government tax spending and other important
This is crucial in order to allow laws to meet societies ever-changing needs. Finally, the rule of adjudication is what Hart believes allows judges to interpret cases which are considered ambiguous by using their own discretion. Whilst this can apply to cases which are not covered by any current laws, this also poses an issue regarding the Separation of Powers raising concerns about the applicability of the theory in the UK government. Additionally, leaving decisions to be made without any guidelines for cases that are not
Foucault writes that the objective of his book was to “serve as a political background to various studies of the power of normalization and the formation of knowledge in modern society” (308). We can examine the power-relations that stem from surveillance within a society to understand what Foucault meant by this statement. In Surveillance, Power and Everyday Life, David Lyon defines surveillance as literally meaning to watch over (Lyon, 2). With the threat of someone constantly watching your actions in panoptic institutions, the idea “people do alter their behaviours when they are aware that they are under surveillance” is not unsurprising (Lyon, 8). While the most apparent form of surveillance taking place in the prison took the form of guards watching over the inmates, other methods of surveillance could be found.
However, problem arises when law enforcement is not properly executed. An example of this is that of Ferguson 's law enforcement which focuses on revenue collection other than the needs of the public. This paper then focuses in overhauling Ferguson 's municipal courts and its system in order to restore the trust and confidence reposed by the people to the courts. Importance of Law Enforcement