Bureaucratic Theory: Hierarchized Structure

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1. A formal, rational organized structure involves clearly defines patterns in which, ideally, every series of action is functionally related to the purposes of the organization. ( Leiden: A.W.Sijthoff, 1935. pp.28)There are many offices are controlled by the hierarchized structure contribute to the operation of an organization. A German sociologist protests this concept, is also known as an economist who believed that the bureaucracy could be the only method to achieve the high specific goals. According to Weber, there are six elements should be presented in this system: Functional Specialization The organization is divided into many units with specialized functions based on their categories. Employees are trained to master specific and…show more content…
Max Weber, a German Sociologist proposed a bureaucracy theory, called" The Ideal Type". The system is presumed to emphasize on all the positive goals and functions of bureaucratic organizations and totally ignores the deficiencies such as restrictions and stresses to achieve the maximum output. However, the primary goals such as precision, reliability and efficiency set by Max Weber are eventually replaced by the secondary goals. These basic attainments are more practical, for instance, discipline associate with every operation through the whole organization. The ideal type is hard to be applied in the organizations due to Weblen 's concept " trained incapacity". The discipline eventually replaced precision and efficiency to become the core value in the life-organization of bureaucratic. Therefore, an American sociologist, Robert Merton proposed concept called " Goal Displacement" to describe, " An instrumental value becomes a terminal value" ( Robert.K.Merton, 1957). According to him, goal displacement usually happens in two ways: first, workers would neglect the organizational goals when they pay more attention on following the rules; the main goal would be ignored if they were more concerned about achievement of subunit. These circumstances are also mentioned in Dewey 's " occupational psychosis" and Warnotte 's " professional deformation". They think that the contradiction is the blind spot of human beings- a focus upon object A involves neglect of object. There is some…show more content…
Goal displacement is inevitably resulted in bureaucratic organization due to the pursuit of this system. It is more likely to happen in large-scale organizations than a small one as the complexity goes up. Bureaucracy asserts that every employee should be treated as an objective to achieve equity. In fact, it opposes to the nature of human beings. Workers would never conform to the closed system: they are not machines; they have their own attributes that cannot be removed by the rules. Goal displacement occurs when an organization needs a change to survive in the marketplace- an attempt to avoid it means that the inflexible organization could not conform to the changing environment. Although the goal displacement could not be wholly eliminated, we could reduce it through effective managing skills. Imposing the training could prevent some unintended outcomes such as trained incapacities. The main problems of conflicts is that the employees usually see the object from their single point of view, and this makes them could not have consensus with others. Furthermore, the rigid rules of organization should be amended to become more flexible to enable employees to focus on attaining the goals without violet any

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