Organizational Structures and Levels of Authority Organizational structure dictates an organizations way of arranging roles and people. This structure is arranged in a way to get the best work as efficiently as possible. In smaller companies face to face communication is the norm and formal structure may not be necessary. In a larger company with various layers thee must be very clearly defined lines. Leaders are responsible for the ultimate outcome even if they are not performing the everyday tasks.
Written Rules According to this theory, there should be well standardized rules and regulations in organization. These rules should well defined and in written foam (McNamra, 2010 and Olum, 2004). 2. System of Task Relationship In organization, there should be established system to achieve the task and there should be relationship between system and task of the organization (McNamra,
Additionally cohesive managerial leadership is crucial for a well incorporated department. The use of communication and unity are the key characteristics for a well- run organization. This reenterates the statement made by O’Toole and _____ involvement from managers enforces subordinates to move forward in a more suitable manner. Consequently organizational structure is necessary for a well implemented
The German sociologist Max Weber studied the bureaucratisation of society. His critical study became one of the most enduring parts of his work. It was Weber who began the studies of bureaucracy and whose works led to the popularization of this term. According to Max Weber, bureaucracy is defined as any system of administration conducted by trained professionals according to fixed rules. Bureaucracy is a type of business structure popular among governments and public administrations.
Merit systems evaluate employees unbiasedly and solely on performance, it determines their ability to be promoted and whether or not they will receive a raise. While it is imperative for the hiring side to remain unbiased, it is equally important for bureaucrats to be unbiased in their implementation of government policies in their
Bureaucratic leadership is based upon fixed official duties under a hierarchy of authority, applying a system of rules for management and decision-making. This style of leadership can be advantageous in highly regulated lines of business, and it can be an efficient management style in companies that don 't require much creativity or innovation from employees. Bureaucratic leadership is one of the most prevalent forms of management today. Weber 's Ideal Bureaucracy is characterized by the following: ~Hierarchical Organization ~Delineated Lines Of Authority With Fixed Areas Of Activity ~Action Taken On The Basis Of, And Recorded In, Written Rules ~Bureaucratic Officials With Expert Training ~Rules Implemented By Neutral Officials ~Career Advancement Depending On Technical Qualifications Judged By Organization, Not Individuals
One fascinating question remains; why did the Industrial Revolution begin in Great Britain? The McNeill’s stated that ‘’internal characteristics (lots of coal and iron) and developments (the socio-political environment after 1688) combined with tightening of the web both within Britain (roads, canals, railways, postal
Enlightenment was introduced in the 17th and 18th century. It was an era of many locations such as France, England, and Germany. It consisted of revolutions of science, philosophy, society and politics (https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/enlightenment/). The Enlightenment was one of the most important events during this time. It helped shape ideas and laws that are created today.
3. A clear plan, one that is both strategic as well as operational. This will allow for the achievement of goals and deadlines to be met. Ensuring that employees are aware of these deadlines allows productivity to be a main focal point to ensure that those organisational goals are in the process of being achieved. 4.
Q3. With reference to each organisation (Block Limited and Fones Limited), discuss the role of management in motivation. A manager cannot force an employee to be successful at his job, but he can motivate him with fair treatment, proper incentives and adequate compensation. It is the role of management to lead by example and motivate employees to do their best. The role of management in motivating Conclusion The 14 principles of management founded by Mr Henri Fayol can be used to manage organizations and are useful tools for forecasting, planning, process management, organization management, decision-making, coordination and control.