Burnout Theory

939 Words4 Pages
Theoretical approach of Burnout According to Vachon (1987), (as cited in Theophilus, 2009), “most theoretical models attempting to explain the burnout in the light of a dynamic interaction between the individual and the environment” (Theophilus, 2009). The most important interpretation models of burnout are four:1)Maslach’s model of three dimensions (1982), 2) The model of Edelwich and Brodsky (1980), 3) The interactive model of Cherniss (1980) and 4) The model of Pines (1993). 1) Maslach’s model of three dimensions (1982) Based on the classic definition of Maslach (1982), reported above, three main dimensions syndrome emerged that they represent different categories of symptoms. The first dimension is called “emotional exhaustion” and…show more content…
The daily effort disproves his expectations, so he does not come across the desires resulting from his work. The employee blames himself for disaster and attempts further to invest in his occupation, but without positive consequences. So increasingly clarifies his labor, not having yet still reviewed its expectations (Edelwich & Brodsky, 1980). Disappointment and Frustration: Doubt and inaction succeeded by disappointment and frustration. The worker realizes that his labors to be accomplished through the labor frustrated and leads to discouragement and frustration. To escape from the dead end must either review expectations in time either be detached from the labor area, the cause of that stress. Apathy: The last stage of work burnout, defined as apathy, the worker escapes any obligation towards others, despite the fact that is trying to fight the disappointment and frustration affecting his profession. Basically continues to labor for financial causes, even though invests diminutive energy for his responsibilities and ignores the necessities of its clients, to protect the lack that he feels towards them (Edelwich & Brodsky,…show more content…
Phase of “work stress”: This is a disturbance between the required and available resources. Work-related stress is the result of disruption between the external and internal environment of the employee, which is created when the available resources are insufficient to meet in an appropriate manner their personal goals and the demands from the work environment. This imbalance can happen to any employee without necessarily lead to burnout. ‘Exhaustion’ phase: This is the emotional response to previous imbalance, manifested in the form emotional exhaustion, stress, fatigue, boredom, lack of interest and apathy. The workplace is the employee stock source, while the attention is more focused on bureaucratic aspects than on clinical parameters. The worker is in a constant state of tension which, if not be able to manage it properly, may lead to frustration and resignation. ‘Defense trailing’ phase: This is the stage where it made changes in attitude and behavior of the worker, who gradually disinvestment emotional work and expresses cynicism and apathy for others. These changes help reduce the physical and psychological consequences that occur, hoping to enable the worker to survive professionally. (Cherniss, 1980, as cited in Theophilus, 2009) 5) The Model of Pines

More about Burnout Theory

Open Document