Burrhus Frederic Skinner's Theory Of Operant Conditioning

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Burrhus Frederic Skinner is one of the most well- known psychologists. His theory of operant conditioning is probably an influential and significant theory in behaviorism and the learning approaches to personality. The following we will take a closer look and evaluate the theory. Brief Ideas on Skinner’s theory of operant conditioning Operant conditioning is a method of modifying behaviours through consequences for responding and that consequence teaches us to either repeat the desired behaviours or reduce the occurrence of undesired behaviours (Skinner, 1938). Skinner (1953) stated that, “all we need to know in order to describe and explain behavior is this: actions followed by good outcomes are likely to recur, and actions followed by bad outcomes are less likely to recur.” He believes that it is the best way to understand behaviours. There are two categories of consequences: reinforcement and punishment, and these can each divide into positive and negative. Positive reinforcement means a pleasant stimulus will follow after a desired behavior and the likelihood of the desired behavior to occur again in the future increase. For example, after solving a mathematics question in class, teacher offer a praise, which is the pleasant stimulus. Negative reinforcement is the removal of an unpleasant stimulus after a behavior. It also increases the likelihood that the behavior will occur again. For example, before going to the beach, you put on sunscreen (the behavior) in order
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