United States presidents often make foreign policy decisions in an attempt to deal with international problems. These decisions have had an impact on both the United States and on other regions. Doctrines are highly debatable, whether they are for a good cause or bad. The purpose of a doctrine is a framework and superstructure than sustains and guides the way we live and act and even interpret the world around us. The Truman and Bush Doctrine were both for the best interest of the people that have made a life-altering impact on America to this day. Communist forces threatened the security of the American people which led to the creation of the Truman Doctrine. It was created to counter Soviet geopolitical spread during the Cold War. The Soviet …show more content…
On September 11, 2001, 19 militants associated with the Islamic extremist group al-Qaeda hijacked four airliners and carried out suicide attacks against targets in the United States. Within the end of the Cold War and the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991, the United States emerged as the world 's superpower. Nevertheless, during the administrations of Presidents George H. W. Bush and Bill Clinton, U.S. foreign policy continued to rely on concepts of both deterrence and containment. Bush argued that the new policy was necessary to prevent the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction among terrorist groups. The policy of deterrence, he asserted, was no longer sufficient to prevent a rogue nation or terrorist organization from using nuclear and chemical weapons.This policy was eventually known as the Bush Doctrine. It was used to indicate a willingness to unilaterally pursue U.S. military interests. The United States-led invasion of Iraq represents the first application of the new national security policy. The Bush Doctrine relies on three stands, unrivaled military supremacy, the concept of preemptive or preventive war, and a willingness to act unilaterally if multilateral cooperation cannot be …show more content…
The doctrine is generally associated with the preventive war against Iraq, but it has more than one element. Bush’s doctrine led to the foreign policy stance of interventionism because he he states, "From this day forward, any nation that continues to harbor or support terrorism will be regarded by the United States as a hostile regime,". This doctrine caused the effect of the USA Patriot Act, NSA Domestic Surveillance, and the Department of Homeland Security. Many people were angered because of this because they felt that their freedom was taken from them and that their 4th Amendment right was violated. The Bush and Truman doctrine have caused a heated debate between the people of America for some time now. Although many people believe that the Truman Doctrine was a better decision than the Bush Doctrine, both doctrines have had their ups and downs. Even though doctrines are solely based on the president’s decisions, perhaps the citizens should also get a say in the
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Thesis/Argument: Although my original thesis and a few other answers resembled that of Dr. Carey’s, I think this one may work as well. “An examination of the origins of the NSC illuminates our understanding of Truman as president as well as our understanding of bureaucratic politics. Ultimately, it even informs our knowledge of foreign policy, for the NSC was the newest weapon in the Cold War.” (Page 361. first paragraph)
The foreign policy has existed several years before president Eisenhower, was to become the Thirty fourth president of the united states. It started with the thirty-third President Harry Truman and his goal was to contain communism in the world, to do so he created the containment policy when he was in office. After president Truman left office President Eisenhower came into office with a great intention to help the people of the world as well as the people of the united states. Due to Eisenhower experience in the military, it caused him to be extremely involved in foreign affairs. He was known for his military strength and experience, and this was something that gained him much fame and attention.
Imagine if you lived in a place where you had no freedom, and you were ruled by a man like Joseph Stalin. That is what it would be like in many countries if it weren’t for the United States’ policy of containment. During the Cold War, the Soviet Union wanted to take over other countries and make them have the government system of Communism. The United States didn’t like that, because they thought their governmental system of Democracy was better. As a result, the U.S. adopted a policy of “Containment”.
The most talked about subject and controversial topics in the U.S. was the decision Truman made to drop the Bomb on those Japan cities. One year later there was the start of the Cold war which caused Truman to start the Truman Doctrine, which was to provide aid to Greece and Turkey in an effort to protect them from Communist aggression. In 1948, Truman started an aircraft of food and other supplies to Berlin, and Germany. In the midst of all this he also discovered the new state of Israel.
The threat of Greece and Turkey falling to communism was a great fear in the U.S. government because of the Domino Theory. The Domino Theory was the idea that if Greece and Turkey were to fall to communism then the Middle East and perhaps Europe would also fall. The only way to stop the Domino Theory was for active U.S. intervention in the World. During the Truman Doctrine speech, President Truman said in his speech that the United States needs to help the “free peoples of the world” otherwise “we may endanger the peace of the world—and we shall surely endanger the welfare of our own nation”(Edwards, Congress and the Origins of the Cold War). President Truman’s speech had a huge impact on U.S. foreign policy for the next 40 years as the U.S. continued to intervene in other places such as Korea and Vietnam.
This policy helped establish a good relationship between the democratic countries. I believe it did help in limiting the Soviet Union from expanding its ideology. Truman expanded the Monroe Doctrine in hopes of providing economic, political, and military support. The United States kept communism from spreading with the Marshall Plan. This was an effort to aid Western Europe after World War II and it was a massive economic aid.
A combination of doctrines and emotions – belief in permanent and universal crisis, fear of communism, faith in the duty and right of the United States to intervene swiftly in every part of the world – had brought about an unprecedented centralization of decisions over war and peace in the presidency. ”(Schlesinger 208). Playing to the constant fear of communism emerging after World War II, presidents have used that as enough of a justification to send our troops away. Surpassing congress by saying we were in imminent danger and essentially, what
Truman greatly emphasized on the freedom of people for who did not want to join the Soviet Union for the sake of being weak. United States of America offered help to these free people to impose and reinforce democracy in the world. The Truman Doctrine had democracy as the centre part of his policy to bring good and positive changes in the world. The American foreign policy feared totalitarianism to be common and practiced in the world if democracy was not supported therefore more and more emphasis was given to democracy in the Truman Doctrine.
On January 21st, 2001 George W. Bush was elected the 43rd president of the United States. His election in 2000 was known as one of the closest and most controversial elections in American history. Bush has represented political courage in many different ways and he lead our country in the right directions. Before he was the leader of our country; he was the governor of Texas.
On January 6th, 1941 President Franklin D. Roosevelt delivered his eighth State of the Union address to Congress, known as the speech of the “Four Freedoms.” The purpose of this speech was to persuade Americans to shift their attention from the Axis threat to the British and allied troops in desperate need of support. During the time of this address, America was in a great state of isolationism. The majority of Americans sought to disassociate themselves from any foreign ties, including wars. “Policies to curb immigration quotas and increase tariffs on imported goods were implemented, and a series of Neutrality Acts passed in the 1930’s limited American arms and munitions assistance abroad” (“The Four Freedoms”1).
By establishing the Truman Doctrine, his main goal was to keep other nations who were resisting Communism to be able to stand up for themselves. Since the Soviet Union was in the midst of all Communist activity, Truman knew that Stalin would eventually spread his beliefs into other parts of the world. Fearing that he would lose yet another nation to Stalin, Truman quickly decided that he had to do something to help other countries who were in need of political and monetary aid. As a result, the Truman Doctrine was first created when Truman stood before Congress on March 12, 1947, and asked for $400 million to fight Communist aggression in Greece and Turkey. When Congress approved Truman’s request, he was able to send political, military, and economic assistance to Greece and other democratic nations that were under threat from Stalin (history.state.gov).
The Monroe Doctrine was the Idea of the fifth president Of the United states James Monroe. It was passed on December 2, 1823, in the 7th annual message to congress. The policy was designed to show the separation of the New World from Europe. The Monroe doctrine stated that the Western Hemisphere could no longer be colonized by European countries and they were independent. It also stated that the United States will not interfere in any business of the Europeans or its European colonies.
Truman was the 33rd American President who served his terms in office from April 12, 1945 to January 20, 1953. One of the important accomplishments during his presidency was the Truman Doctrine. At the end of WWII, Russia was coercing European countries to fall under its sphere of influence, communism. Before and during the war, the British had been moderating this force, but after WWII Britain’s strength and affluence significantly declined. As a result of this, President Truman decided the US needed to become involved in this affair.
Truman, Eisenhower, and the American Citizen The purpose of this essay is to highlight the similarities and differences of the decisive actions taken by President Harry Truman (1945 to 1953) and President Dwight D. Eisenhower (1953 to 1961) when confronted with two pivotal issues of their administration. Those issues were civil rights for African Americans and the cold war. This essay will also highlight how American citizens responded to the issues during the period from 1945 to 1961.
As time passes by many new marvelous inventions, and ideas arise. But, somehow we as humans tend to repeat actions that have already been done. A perfect example of this would be the creation of the Monroe Doctrine in 1823 and Truman Doctrine in 1947. Although these doctrines were established for their respective times, their purpose remained the same. Both were used to provide foreign countries with military support in case they were being threatened by other nations.