Theoretical ethics asks questions about ethical values origins, justification and evaluation and is generally divided into meta-ethics, applied ethics, and normative ethics, whereas practical ethics focuses on their application to specific issues. Meta-ethics is “the study of the origin and meaning of ethical concepts”.5 It investigates where humans derive their ethical principles from, and what they mean to them. What is moral or ethical goodness? Is one such question it seeks to answer, it focuses on “universal truths, the will of God, and the role of reason in ethical judgments”.6 It also explores as well as connect between values, reasons for action, and human motivation, by asking how it is that moral standards provide us with reasons to do or not to do as it demands. Here moral relativism and moral absolutism are brought in.
Ethical Egoism and Ethical Subjectivism are two ethical standpoints as explained in the book “The Elements of Moral Philosophy” by James Rachels. Rachels (2014) claims that “Ethical Egoism is the doctrine that each person ought to pursue his or her own self-interest exclusively” (James Rachels, 2014. ). And He goes on to explain the moral ideas of ethical egoism by comparing it to psychological egoism. He says that psychological egoism makes a claim about human nature, or about the way things are, however, ethical egoism is about morality, or about the way things should be.
Generally, ethics is defined as the rule for carrying out certain behaviors by distinguishing between acceptable and unacceptable behavior (Resnik, 2015). In other words, ethics assists in determining whether a decision is right or wrong when given a choice. As a matter of course, decision-making is first predisposed by personal ethic that is constructed on personal experience and conscience (Fritzsche & Oz, 2007) . It tends to be affected by family and friends (Ferrell & Gresham, 1985). Not only does personal ethics guide human behavior but also social ethics (Shaw, 2002).
Since social workers work with a variety of populations, they experience some dilemmas during delivering their services to clients, hence the need for ethical conduct. According to Barker (2003) an ethical dilemma refers to a situation that occurs when two or more moral values seem to be equally legal but contradictory and the practitioner is required to make the best possible choice from among them. So it is important to have ethics that will help in taking ethical decisions. Barker (2003) defines ethics as a system of moral principles and perceptions about right versus wrong and the resulting philosophy of conduct that is practiced by a
In Lesson two the author discusses ideas and theories of morality from a comprehensive perspective. This chapter addresses consequentialist, which is those who are concerned with consequences, and non-consequentialist which are those that have no regard to consequences which are major viewpoints when it comes to ethics. How a person views possible consequences helps them decide what actions to take. Keeping this in mind people regardless make moral decisions based off their own personal interests whether it be for benefit of oneself or benefit for all. The two ideas from this chapter that caught my interest are the relationship between Ethical egoism and utilitarianism.
Martinez-Pons (1997) continues to explain that the ability to relate behaviors and challenges of emotional intelligence on workplace implementation is a really big benefit in constructing an outstanding team. One of the most usual factors that leads to retention problems is communication flaws that create disconnection and doubt. A leader lacking in emotional intelligence is not able to effectively measure the needs, wants and expectations of those they lead. Leaders who react from their emotions without sorting them can create mistrust amongst their staff and can utterly put their working relationships on the line. Reacting with irregular emotions can be detrimental to overall culture, attitudes and positive feelings toward the company and the duty.
Introduction Ethics are just a moral code that can be found in the public eye and work place. This ethical code impact individual in their ordinary life, their activities talk through their quality and individual morals. Ethic controls the greater part of our activities and it can be translated un-numerous courses, for example, the way individuals live, characterizes our rights and commitments. Ethics are qualities and standards an individual uses to control his exercises and choice making. Firstly, today 's moral have been composed by the diverse religions, methods of insight and societies.
Ethical theories help us define good, bad, right and wrong. They help us understand why a decision, thing or thought is good, bad, right or wrong. We can approach these ethical theories by trying to understand them and then analysing the extent to which the theory is beneficial, we can approach them by thinking about the cons and loopholes that the theory has. Let’s look at some ethical theories like Utilitarianism, The categorical Imperative, Virtue Ethics, and Ethical Egoism. Utilitarianism
Two ethical theories in this course which I have chosen to discuss comprehensively are utilitarianism and Kantian moral theory. Utilitarianism is an ethical theory whose principal architects were Jeremy Bentham(1748-1832) and John Stuart Mill (1806-1873). It derives it 's name from utility, which means usefulness.The utilitarian says that an act is right (moral) if it is useful in “bringing about a desirable or good end." It has been more characteristically stated, however, as "Everyone should perform that act or follow that moral rule that will bring about the greatest good (or happiness) for everyone concerned. (Thiroux & Krasemann, 2009)The reason for mentioning both acting and following rules is that utilitarianism generally is found in two main forms: Act Utilitarian and Rule utilitarian.
When a organization or business lacks in communication skills it can create personal conflicts, missed deadlines, incorrect goal assumptions and contribute to employee turnover. Really effective communication will establishes trust, helps act on risks and opportunities, and promotes productivity. Language barriers are important to address because messages can easily be misconstrued. A worker may pretend to understand a directive when they really don’t if they are embarrassed or frustrated with the language problem. I can personally upon and as well as my co-workers.
Internal factors happen inside an organisation the staff are likely to have direct control over it. External factors happen outside the organisation and are less likely to have a direct control over it. The businesses reputation or image may affect a business internally as a customer may have suffered poor customer service and this would have a negative influence on the business. Just as exceptional customer service would have a positive affect on the business, Other internal inlfuences on an organisation would be staff changes or issues. Staff within one grouping may not work well together so staff may have to be moved around or staff changes due to promotion etc.