Bystander Effect In Radiobiology: An Analysis

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This article is about the psychological phenomenon, for the bystander effect in radiobiology. Bystander effect, or bystander apathy, is a social psychological phenomenon that refers to cases in which others do not help people in need while others are around. The possibility of help is inversely connected to the amount of bystanders. In different words, the larger amount of bystanders the less likely people will help the one in need. Various variables help to explain why the bystander effect occurs. These variables include: ambiguity, cohesiveness and diffusion of responsibility. On Friday 13 March in 1964, 28-year-old Catherine Genovese was arriving home. She was attacked with a knife by a man named Winston Moseley. She yelled “Oh my God,…show more content…
While the bystander effect can have a negative impact on prosocial behavior, altruism, and heroism, researchers have found numerous things that can help people overcome this tendency and increase the likelihood that they will participate in helping behaviors. Some of these include: Sometimes just seeing other people doing something kind or helpful makes us more willing to help others. Imagine that you are walking into a large department store. One of the key reasons people often do nothing when someone is in need is that they do not notice what is happening until it is too late. Ambiguous situations can also make it hard to know if help is even needed. Following the 9/11 terrorist attacks, some people who had lived felt the need to help in any way they could. Researchers figured people help those they know personally. People also will help if they feel like they can or the situation needs help. Researchers have also found that being confident can also contribute to prosocial behaviors. People who feel happy or successful are more likely to lend assistance, even in small things and situations. Hearing an upbeat fun song on the radio, enjoying a warm summer day at the pool, or successfully completing an important task can have you feeling joyful and competent – and increases the likelihood to help out another person in need. This is often referred to as the "feel good, do

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