History of Byzantine Empire The term Byzantine is derived from Byzantium that was a colony of Greek established by a person called Byzas. The empire was located on the Bosporus region in Europe thus serving as a trade route to Asia. It was the extension of the Roman Empire since most of the Roman practices were incorporated into this kingdom. Following the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD the Byzantine Empire was born to survive for 1000 years before the Turks conquered it in 1453 AD. Its capital was Constantinople a name derived from Emperor Constantine.
The history of Turkey stretches back at least 40,000 years, the majority of Asian portion of the country was called Anatolia; in which it was one of the first places on earth to develop agriculture and structures of human civilization. However, in Europe, turkey share borders with Greece and Bulgaria, in Caucasus region with Eurasian countries of Georgia and Armenia; in Asia region with Syria, Iraq and Iran. Turkey’s highest peak lies on its border with Iran at nearly 17,000 feet or more than 5,000 meters, that highest peak called Mountain Ararat. It’s known in Judeo-Christian tradition that Mountain Ararat is the place Noah’s Ark was said to have come to rest as a result of its strategic transcontinental location, the country was fought over and conquered and ruled by empires of ancient civilizations such as Assyrians, Romans, Greeks, The Persians and numerous of European crusaders and finally the native Anatolian empire.
Student’s Name Professor’s Name Subject Date Ottoman Empire After an expansionist policy in Europe that started in the 1300s and lasted for over one century, the Ottoman Empire finally conquered the Byzantine kingdom in 1453 (Eva 491). The Ottoman colony composed of mainly Islamic invaders who originated from modern day Turkey. When the Christian capital Constantinople fell to the foreign military, Sultan Mehmed II established a new reign. Geographically, the city lay in between the Black Sea, Aegean Sea, and the Mediterranean Sea. This position, consequently, placed it at the center of thriving trade routes that connected Asia and Europe.
Who is Ziya Gökalp? Ziya Gökalp was born in the Diyarbakir province in 23 March 1876, which is a cultural and a political frontier of the Ottoman Empire. His early life was shaped by the shifting terrain of national identity which he saw around him. Where he live was a mixture of Turkish, Kurdish and Armenian people, Diyarbakir, the administrative and the cultural center of south-eastern Anatolia, had been ruled for centuries by Persians and Arabs (foundation of Turkish nationalism p.20). The province was populated by non-Turkish communities.
Sailing to Byzantium is indeed one of the best known lyrics of W.B. Yeats. Written in 1926, it appeared in Yeats 1928 collection The Tower. The title of the poem Byzantium was an ancient Greek city, the capital of Byzantine ruled by the Turkish Sultan and city is now known as Istanbul. Before that, it was Constantinople at around 670 B.C.
Following the fall of Rome, the Byzantine Empire in the east rose from its imperial centre at Constantinople and western Europe fell into a period of instability known as the ‘Dark Ages’. By 800 AD, the Holy Roman Empire was founded by the crowing of Frankish King Charlemagne as Holy Roman Emperor by Pope Leo III in order to restore the fallen Roman Empire. This essay argues that the fall of the Roman Empire in 476 AD had many influences on the European system. Through examining the collapse of Rome through Watson’s ‘Spectrum and Pendulum’ and analysing the legacies of the Roman Empire, this essay will look at how the European system, including the Byzantine Empire, the ‘Dark Ages’ and Medieval Christendom, was influenced by the legacy of the Roman Empire. The Roman Empire utilised a combination of Watson’s forms of rule.
Kadı Pervane character in the movie is a most likely fictional equivalent of the vizier of Seljuk Sultanate of Rum, Pervane Muineddin. When the life of Pervane Muineddin is researched, it is not too hard to estimate that Pervane Muineddin inspired the scenarist to create Kadı Pervane character. He represents an example of corrupted old Seljuk bureaucracy and tries to move away from politically divided central Anatolia hinterland and to find a new position in a newly founded frontier state. Anonymous Ottoman chronicles indicates the arrival and appearance of qadıs and scholars, but mostly at the time of Murat I and Bayezid the Thunderbolt, and these chronicle writers are mostly accused of qadıs and scholar due to oppression and corruption in the country. Therefore, the arrival of a qadı from the Seljuk hinterland to Ottoman frontier state is possible in terms of the historical context of the early
Two powerful Middle Eastern Islamic Empires of the 15th century included the Ottoman Empire and the Safavid Empire. Both the Ottomans and Safavid were powerful and they fought for that power and to conquer territory. Due to their geographical location, they benefited from trade between Europe and Asia. According to eCore Unit 1(n.d.), the Ottomans and the Safavid were both Muslims, though they differed in their Muslim beliefs. With the death of Muhammad (the founder and leader of Islam) in 632 AD, there was disagreement over who would be the Islamic leader.
Qafqaz University Faculty: Economics and Administrative Sciences Department: International Relations Subject: Conflict Resolution Studies Lecturer: Vusal Behbudov Student: Chinara Musayeva Topic: Cyprus Conflict Cyprus is an island in the Mediterranean Sea. It situates at the crossroads of Africa, Europe and Asia. The island is the homeland of two distinct groups of people: the Turkish Cypriots and the Greek Cypriots. It can’t be said that, their relationship is one of a majority and minority, but one of equal partnership. The Turkish Cypriots speak Turkish, they are Muslims and they share the culture of their motherland, Turkey.
The Malacca Sultanate is one of the oldest Malay Sultanate in the history of Malaysia. Previously, the Malacca Malay Sultanate was a heritage of Srivijaya which the center was in Palembang, Southeast Sumatra. This empire existed between the seventh century and the 13th century. Historically, Malacca was found in early 15th century, in 1931, the Srivijaya kingdom was attacked by Majapahit which led Parameswara (Prince of Palembang) and his followers escape and they eventually reached Temasik (Singapore) . At that time, Singapore already had its own political system under the control of the Siamese kingdom of the Ayudhya.