Clostridium Difficile Infection Clostridium difficile (C. difficile or C. diff) infection is a condition that causes inflammation of the large intestine (colon). This condition can result in damage to the lining of your colon and may lead to colitis. This condition can be passed from person to person (contagious). CAUSES C. diff is a bacterium normally found in the colon. This condition is caused when the balance of C. diff is changed and there is an overgrowth of C. diff. This is often caused by antibiotic use. RISK FACTORS This condition is more likely to develop in: • People who take antibiotics. • Older people. • People who have had a C. diff infection before. • People with colon conditions, such as colon cancer. • People …show more content…
SYMPTOMS Symptoms of this condition include: • Diarrhea. This may be watery, bloody, or yellow or green in color. • Fever. • Fatigue. • Loss of appetite. • Nausea. • Abdominal swelling, pain, or tenderness. • Dehydration. Dehydration can make you tired and thirsty, have a dry mouth, and urinate less frequently. DIAGNOSIS This condition is diagnosed with a medical history and physical exam. You may also have tests, including: • A test that checks for C. diff in your stool. • Blood tests. • A sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy to look at your colon. These procedures involve passing an instrument through your rectum to look at the inside of your colon. TREATMENT Treatment for this condition includes: • Taking antibiotics that keep C. diff from growing. • Stopping the antibiotics you were on before the C. diff infection began. Only do this as instructed by your health care provider. • IV fluids, if you are dehydrated. • Fecal transplant. This is when feces are taken from a healthy person and placed in your colon. This may be done in severe cases. • Surgery to remove the infected part of the colon. This is
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Such illnesses include dysentery and smallpox. Many of my friends have met their fate at the hands of dysentery. Dysentery is an infection that causes diarrhea, with blood and mucus visible in the feces. Smallpox is a virus in which a person gets a severe fever with pustules. Here at Valley Forge, our surgeons and doctors have made smallpox less of a threat.
Discovered in 1989, Cystic Fibrosis is the most common, fatal genetic disease in the United States. Statistics show that 30,000 people in the US have been named with this disease. (Genome) Cystic Fibrosis is a disease caused when the CFTR (Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Regulator) is defective and the cells do not release the right amount of chloride. This causes for the body to produce thick, sticky mucus that clogs up the lungs, leads to infection, blocks the pancreas, which stops the digestive enzymes from reaching the intestine. Symptoms require; salty tasting skin, wheezing, shortness of breath, persistent coughing, poor growth or weight gain, frequent/bulky stool, and male infertility.
REVIEW OF LITERATURE In the 1966 film Fantastic Voyage, there was a group of five people who landed onto a submarine called Proteus and were shrunk into microscopic size. They were then injected into the body of a scientist and their mission was to save him from the blood clot in the brain. All that seemed quite thrilling stuff then — but now a part of that sci-fi fantasy has come true with the smart pills.
The thinning, swollen veins are at danger of tearing give rise to in severe, possibly deadly, bleeding Dysphagia – hardness of swallowing May be regarding to GERD, esophageal tumor or other causes Crohn’s Disease – A chronic inflammatory illness mostly of the bowel. specific X-rays and tests are needed to distinguish Crohn’s from other diseases with similar symptomsThe typical symptoms are abdominal pain, weight loss, diarrhea. There may also be rectal bleeding that can lead to
On 8/14/17 Joseph Gomez, Wellness Coach (WC) made a visit to Angel Lopez (Tenant) at his apartment for the purpose of following up on her mental health, medical wellness and to address any issues she may be experiencing. When WC arrived Tenant was quite cordial. Tenant was dressed appropriately and was well groomed. When WC arrived tenant was reading the news on the internet. He appeared to be mentally stable.
When I was first diagnosed with ulcerative colitis, a common colon disease, I had no idea what it was. It wasn’t until several tests and explanations from multiple doctors that my parents and I started to understand the extent of the problem. Although it didn’t seem like it would be a big deal, it quickly took over my entire life. Dealing with the condition meant chronic pain, medication, and many more doctors’ visits. Fortunately, my case wasn’t too severe.
Q1A: What is the mechanism of action of colistin? Colistin is an antibiotic that works best against Gram-negative bacteria. It works by binding to LPSs (lipopolysaccrides) and phospholipids in the outer cell membrane of the bacteria. This, in turn, disrupts the outer cell membrane by displacing cations and leaking the intracellular contents, combining it with outer cellular contents, causing the bacteria to be unable to differentiate the bacteria’s intra and outer cellular contents from one another.
Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation (DIC) Disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) is a case of uncontrolled activation of proteins that are involved in the clotting process such as thrombin, fibrinolytic proteins, platelets, and coagulation factors. DIC occurs due to inflammation, trauma, infection, and shock. The presence of mucocutaneous bleeding is an evidence of DIC. Disseminated intravascular coagulation has acute and chronic phases. In acute phase, a patient will have severe symptoms while in chronic phase a patient may suffer from inflammation of blood vessels or adenocarcinoma.
Our gastrointestinal tracts work hard to keep us healthy and happy. When gut health is compromised, we can face major health consequences. Here’s how to use good nutrition to keep your digestion humming along. “Heal the gut and you heal yourself.” – Gerard E. Mullin, MD
Rapid and unexplained loss of weight, blood in your feces and thin stools along with cramping are common signs of cancer in the colon. You should consult with a medical professional if these symptoms are present. What's expected and what really happens are different things. Always appreciate any support you get.
Symptoms • Yellowing of the skin (jaundice) due to the accumulation of bilirubin in the blood • Fatigue • Weakness • Loss of appetite • Itching • Easy bruising from decreased production of blood clotting factors by the diseased liver Causes • Alcohol • Viral Hepatitis B & c Effects •
Listeriosis is an airborne disease which can be treated if it is diagnosed early. This infection is deadly for the elderly, the immune compromised and for pregnant women as it can cause the loss of their child or it can cause their child to suffer different disabilities. The listeria bacterium can be killed by cooking or pasteurization but not by refrigerating it. The incubation period of listeriosis is 3 to 70 days and the illness can last from days to weeks. Causes: It can be caused by the consumption of vegetables which have been contaminated by soil or from manure which has been used as a fertilizer.
Shoulder Dislocation A shoulder dislocation happens when the upper arm bone (humerus) moves out of the shoulder joint. The shoulder joint is the part of the shoulder where the humerus, shoulder blade, and collar bone meet. CAUSES This condition is often caused by: A fall. A hit to the shoulder.
Peritonitis Brenda Rodriguez Nursing 1106- Mental Health Nursing Donna Bledsoe, MSN, RN, PMHCNS April 9, 2018 Peritonitis Peritonitis is a medical condition arising from the inflammation of the peritoneum. The peritoneum is a functional layer that lines and protects the visceral organs. This condition ranges from mild to acute peritonitis, and the inflammation of this layer is an emergency medical situation that requires immediate action since it may progress rapidly to acute peritonitis and become life-threatening (Ramasubbaiah, 2013). In general, peritonitis can be caused by injury, translocation of gut flora, bacteria, fungi, and secondary to other medical conditions or medical procedures, such as, pancreatitis, tuberculosis, hepatic damage, and paracentesis etc.
Dehydration is the state wherein the person's ability to take in fluids is not quick enough to replace the losses from the diarrhea. Most mortalities from diarrhea occur in the extremes of ages: either the very young or the very old. Diarrhea can be categorized in several types. Chronic diarrhea is the type of diarrhea that occurs for more than two weeks; gastroenteritis, or what is more commonly known as stomach flu, where there is associated vomiting; acute gastroenteritis is the type where there is inflammation of the bowels; and lastly, dysentery, where there is blood, pus or mucus in the stool. Cause