Clostridium difficile, also referred to as C. diff, is a bacterium that is known to cause mild to severe diarrhea and can lead to severe inflammation of the colon (Government of Canada, 2014). C. diff contains spores that are found in fecal matter. Through encountering a surface containing contaminants such as feces, puts a person at risk for the later development of diseases such as c. diff. This bacterium can also be spread through contact from healthcare workers that have not followed correct cleansing routines such as but not limited to hand washing. High dosages or extended usage of antibiotics can also increase the chances of developing C. diff (Government of Canada, 2014).
Clostridia difficule (C. diff) is a problematic microbe because its has two key virulence factors, toxin A and toxin B. Toxin A is an enterotoxin, which can cause copious water, potassium, and bicarbonate losses. On the other hand, toxin B is a cytotoxin, which can cause damage to the cells. These toxins can be both asymptomatic or cause pseudomembranous colitis in an individual. C. diff is also an anaerobe gram-positive bacterium, which means that it can thrive in environments without oxygen.
This time with stomach pains, diarrhea, and bloating. Viewing the bacteria in their gut during week 7, there is a new type of bacteria called C. difficile. This bacteria can cause deadly infections. It was developed in this persons gut becuase of all the empty space. It invaded it's way into their gut and rapidly started to multiply.
When I was first diagnosed with ulcerative colitis, a common colon disease, I had no idea what it was. It wasn’t until several tests and explanations from multiple doctors that my parents and I started to understand the extent of the problem. Although it didn’t seem like it would be a big deal, it quickly took over my entire life. Dealing with the condition meant chronic pain, medication, and many more doctors’ visits. Fortunately, my case wasn’t too severe.
This is important to remember down the road because instead of waiting uncomfortably, you or your patient could remember the symptoms and suggest to your doctor that you think it might be inflammatory bowel disease. This would save time and discomfort. I was also informed during the discussion how hygiene can have an impact on Crohn’s disease because it will affect the immune system. A fact that I found interesting is that inflammatory bowel disease can be caused by hereditary through your genes, but also because of your smoking status. This is just another reason why people should not smoke.
The several medical symptoms are fever, chills, and vomiting(“Plague 1”). There is also the lymph node that consequently swells to form a painful bubo(Benedictow). Discharge can happen and swollen groin and armpits.(Dobson 10). The symptoms can be passed to other people too. The it can be passed in the lungs and make your lungs hurt(Benedictow).
Prograde Prograde is the relative forward motion through space. My eighth grade year is when I began deciding my future. I had a life-altering hospital visit. I was diagnosed with an inflammatory bowel disease called Crohn's. Crohn's is an autoimmune disorder, which means my immune system attacks my gastrointestinal tract more than just breaking down foods.
Discovered in 1989, Cystic Fibrosis is the most common, fatal genetic disease in the United States. Statistics show that 30,000 people in the US have been named with this disease. (Genome) Cystic Fibrosis is a disease caused when the CFTR (Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Regulator) is defective and the cells do not release the right amount of chloride. This causes for the body to produce thick, sticky mucus that clogs up the lungs, leads to infection, blocks the pancreas, which stops the digestive enzymes from reaching the intestine. Symptoms require; salty tasting skin, wheezing, shortness of breath, persistent coughing, poor growth or weight gain, frequent/bulky stool, and male infertility.
Depending on where the inflammation occurs within the large intestine UC is classified by how far the disease extends up the colon. Research has shown that genes, the environment, and an overactive immune response could play a role in causing UC unfortunately, the exact cause of the disease is not known. “Research sponsored by CCFA has led many scientists to believe that ulcerative colitis may be the result of an interaction of a virus or bacterial infection of the colon and your body’s natural immune system response”(Crohn’s & Colitis Foundation of America, 2015). Although research has not be able to pinpoint the exact cause of Ulcerative Colitis it can actually occur in people of any age. Nonetheless, research has shown that it hoes have a higher occurrence rate in people between the ages of 15 and 30, who have family members with Inflammatory Bowel Disease, and who are of Jewish
Dehydration is the state wherein the person's ability to take in fluids is not quick enough to replace the losses from the diarrhea. Most mortalities from diarrhea occur in the extremes of ages: either the very young or the very old. Diarrhea can be categorized in several types. Chronic diarrhea is the type of diarrhea that occurs for more than two weeks; gastroenteritis, or what is more commonly known as stomach flu, where there is associated vomiting; acute gastroenteritis is the type where there is inflammation of the bowels; and lastly, dysentery, where there is blood, pus or mucus in the stool. Cause
According to the Mayo Clinic staff (2014), chronic inflammation can create ulcers in the digestive system, located anywhere from the mouth to the anus, and also the genital area. Inflammation to the lining of the stomach, can lead to scars that can spread throughout the bowel wall completely. Mayo Clinic Staff (2014) state that Crohn’s causes the intestinal wall to become thickened as time goes by, which prevents food from digesting properly due to blockage making it hard for stools to pass by. Mucosa is what protects the stomach, by having Crohn’s, excess mucous is being produced which can make an individual feel as if they are always needing to go to the bathroom.
MEDSURG Nursing, 23(3), 187-188. Farber, J., Illiger, S., Gartner, F. B., Lutz, v. M., Lohmann, C. H., Bauer, K., . . . Geginat, G. (2017). Management of a cluster of Clostridium difficile infections among patients with osteoarticular infections. Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control, 6 doi:http://dx.doi.org.southuniversity.libproxy.edmc.edu/10.1186/s13756-017-0181-4 Wang, J., Quan, K. A., Tjoa, T., Yim, J., Dickey, L., Chang, J., ... & Gohil, S. K. (2016, December).
Rapid and unexplained loss of weight, blood in your feces and thin stools along with cramping are common signs of cancer in the colon. You should consult with a medical professional if these symptoms are present. What's expected and what really happens are different things. Always appreciate any support you get.
In this case, chronic respiratory tract infections caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa especially when the infection occurs in both either bronchiectasis and cystic fibrosis. These are one of the most difficult infections that are very hard to control. These serious complications requires intensive care hospitalisation or sometimes it can be fatal. This is because it is well known that patients with either infections, often develop acute exacerbations with viral or bacterial superinfection. Exacerbations means worsening of COPD symptoms such as shortness of breath, quantity and colour of phlegm that usually typically lasts for several days.