The risk of developing pneumonia for those with COPD is greater due to already weakened lungs and the inability to filter bacteria and viruses. If treatment for pneumonia is prolonged, it can lead to physical changes within the lungs causing the exchange of oxygen to be greatly diminished and results in respiratory failure.
Soon after you are exposed to the plague, you begin to develop pneumonia-like symptoms (like fever, chills, chest pain, coughing blood, shortness of breath, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea). The third kind of plague is the Septicemic Plague, which is the least common of the three. In this type, the most common symptom is tissues dying and turning black. Other symptoms also include fever, weakness, abdominal pain, chills, and shock. Look out for these symptoms,
The reduction in the ventilation-perfusion ratio results in alveolar hypoventilation, causing the reduction in PaO2. Decrease in PaO2 can also be explained with an anatomic shunt1. DIAGNOSIS PFTs in pneumothorax patients will result in decreases in VT, IRV, ERV, RV, VC, IC, FRC, and TLC1. ABGs for a mild to moderate pneumothorax have an increased pH and a decreased PaCo2, HCO3-, PaO2, and SpO2. For a severe pneumothorax, ABGs have a decreased pH, PaO2, and SpO2 and an increased PaCo2 and HCO3-.1 Chest radiologic findings include translucent lung fields on the pneumothorax side, a mediastinal shift to the unaffected side, a depressed diaphragm, lung collapse, and atelectasis4.
They also provide respiratory therapy to patients. Pneumonia is a lung condition in which the lungs are inflamed and it is caused by bacterial or viral infections. In the Figure, it is shown that the air sacs are filled with mucus and they eventually become solid. An individual that undergoes Pneumonia has symptoms that are quite serious and life-threatening. Coughing can be serious as it produces mucus also called sputum from the lungs, shallow breathing can occur, rapid chest pain, and potentially nausea and vomiting.
Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia Pneumonia that is observed in patients in the ICU who have been placed on ventilators is called ventilator associated pneumonia. This secondary infection from nosocomial bacteria is known to be the second most common infection affecting around 27% of all patients classified as being critically ill (Koenig and Truwit 637) or even the most common at 30% (Kollef 627). The type of ventilator-associated pneumonia that occurs within 72 hours of intubation is called the early onset pneumonia, and usually caused by the aspiration during the process of intubation. This pneumonia is caused by an antibiotic sensitive bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus, Haemophilus influenza, and Streptococcus pneumoniae. The late onset pneumonia that sets in after this period is usually resistant to pathogens such as
The narrowing of these arteries can lead to weakening of the left ventricle due to the increased workload; eventually the left ventricle cannot effectively pump, resulting in blood backing up into the lungs. The fluid is then forced into the blood, through the capillaries and into the alveoli; this is known as congestive heart failure (Mayo Clinic, 2014). Another cause of cardiogenic pulmonary edema is cardiomyopathy. Cardiomyopathy also causes a weakening in the ventricles. Unlike coronary artery disease which is a result of the narrowing of the arteries, cardiomyopathy is caused by damage to the cardiac muscle (Mayo Clinic, 2014).
A rash for dermatomyositis can be a violet-colored or dusty red rash that appears most commonly on a person’s face or eyelids, but it can also be found around a person’s nails, knuckles, elbows, back, chest and knees. Most of the time the first visual sign of dermatomyositis is a patchy bluish-purplish rash. Another sign of dermatomyositis is the progressive weakening of the muscles closest to the trunk of the body, such as: the hips, thighs, shoulders, upper arms, and neck. Over time this pain will gradually worsen, so the weakness will affect both the right and left sides of the
Tuberculosis is considered one of the oldest diseases that affects almost every culture in the world. The health event epidemiology of Tuberculosis is mycobacterium tuberculosis, which is a bacteria that is introduced in the lungs and can transmit to other multi-organ systems. Patients who present with signs and symptoms of chronic dry cough over the past few weeks/months, fever, shortness of breath, and weight loss differential diagnosis must include Tuberculosis. Since the year 1993-2011, the morbidity and mortality rates of tuberculosis has decreased about 50% in all genders and races except in the Asian population. Based on the observational study design, cross-sectional study design is most appropriate for the advanced practice nurse to
One might experience respiratory signs and symptoms caused by the blocking of air passages and lungs with thick mucus such as repeated lung infections (pneumonia or bronchitis), wheezing or shortness of breath. One might also experience digestive signs and symptoms such as those mentioned in the CRTF.INFO.’s website informational article, gastrointestinal tract problems such as congenital Meconium ileus and distal intestinal obstruction syndrome, are caused by the decrease in chlorine and water secretion into the gut. These problems can play a factor in Cystic Fibrosis patient inability to absorb the vital nutrients they need. Also included is the buildup of digestive enzymes and digestion of its own tissues in the pancreas created by the thickening of exocrine secretions that block the pancreatic ducts intestinal blockage which results in bowel movement problems like diarrhea, gas, and abdominal pain. Not only can Cystic Fibrosis affect the pancreas and gastrointestinal tract but also the liver’s secretions.
Timmy’s cartilage plates around the larynx are probably severely damaged and this can compromise the airways and let the air to escape into his neck and chest. The trachea could be further damaged and as well as the esophagus. If in the moment of the punch he had breathed in, the air he had inhaled can’t escape through its normal way. That’s why it will find another way out.