Diabetic eye disease includes diabetic retinopathy, cataract and glaucoma. What is Diabetic Retinopathy? Diabetic retinopathy is one of the complications of diabetes out of tripathy. Diabetic retinopathy occurs when hyperglycaemia (high blood sugar levels) causes damage to the cells at the back of the eye, known anatomically as, the retina. Diabetic retinopathy is a leading cause of loss of vision.
There are many gynecological diseases that affect the uterus, a hollow member that is located below a woman's belly button. One of these diseases is endometriosis. To illustrate, endometriosis is a chronic, common and painful disorder that occurs when the tissues grow outside the womb. In addition to that endometriosis term is derived from Latin words and divided into three sections, " end/o " means inside, " metr/i " which refers to uterus, and " osis " which means disease. Endometriosis has four types including minimal, mild, moderate and severe, and it relies on the location, size, number and depth of endometrial implants.
There can be several different causes of cirrhosis. These factors range from hereditary factors to poor lifestyle choices. Cirrhosis can be caused by taking excessive amounts of liver damaging medication or by drinking too much alcohol. It can also be the result of certain liver diseases such as chronic hepatitis C. To sum it up, anything that causes damage to the liver can put a person at risk of developing liver
Such proteins form hair-like fibers, or fibrils, that are deposited into vital organs like the brain, heart, kidneys, liver, and pancreas in this unstable state. Horribly, the process may leads to organ failure and eventually death. There are many types
3, 4, 6b, 8, 10 Clinical signs include muscle weakness and atrophy, exercise intolerance and a paddling gait. Dysphagia and regurgitation are frequently seen with degeneration of the esophageal and pharyngeal muscles. Creatine kinase levels are elevated and there are bizarre discharges on EMG. The breed has also been listed as being predisposed for umbilical hernias. 4, 8 NEUROLOGIC Epilepsy 4, 8 and deafness 8 have been listed as occurring in the breed.
The sickle cell is an autosomal recessive means that if both parents has a form of a defective gene it can be pass to their offspring and there is a chance to be affected but if only one parent has a defective form of a gene the child will only a carrier. The signs and symptoms are anemia the red blood cells are not enough or dying, episodes of pain means that red blood vessels are blocked by shape-sickle cell it result to a pain in chest, abdomen, and joints or in bones and the sickle cell can damage the organ to fight other infections ,so it vulnerable to infections. The diagnosis is used blood testing, it detects the defective form of hemoglobin. The treatment is through Bone marrow or stem cell
Introduction The lower urinary tract including the bladder and the urethra allow the body to store urine and excrete it out of the body, and dysfunction on this part will lead to many conditions like urinary retention and urinary incontinence. This disease may be because of several neurological problems, or life style, diet or even medication. The urology dysfunction is term used to describe the inability of the bladder to work probably. In this assignment I will explain more about urinary incontinence and urinary retention. Urinary retention Urinary retention is one of the common diseases especially in men, whom having prostate enlargement.
FETAL DISTRESS The terms fetal distress and birth asphyxia are broad terms which may point at an adverse condition affecting the fetus. Fetal distress is a a term used to describe a situation where the clinician feels that the fetus is hypoxic or acidotic or is at risk of becoming so and this concern is significant enough to warrant intervention, usually in the form of operative delivery100. Fetal asphyxia is clinically defined as progressive hypoxaemia and hypercapnia with significant metabolic acidemia100. In practice, obstetricians put great emphasis on monitoring of the fetal heart rate patterns as the main means of assessing fetal well- being in labour, whether done by intermittent auscultation or continuous electronic methods. However,
Most hematological malignancies, diseases of the central nervous system such as Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, Alzheimer's disease, dementia, multiple sclerosis and motor neuron disease are contraindications to ocular tissue donation as well. Other contraindications include recipients of transplanted organs, prior ocular surgery and ocular diseases that are likely to compromise the graft outcome as inflammation and malignancy. Eye Bank Association of America. Medical Standards. http://www.restoresight.org.
Treacher Collins syndrome is a genetic disorder that affects the development of craniofacial. It results abnormalities in face and head due to hypoplasia of facial structures such as the lower jaw (mandible), cheekbones and abnormal small chin micrognathia. In addition, some patients with this syndrome are also born with an abnormal opening in the roof of the mouth (cleft palate), but in severe cases, hypoplasia of the facial bones may restrict the infant’s airway of breathing causing life-threatening respiratory
When this gene has been mutated, it is unable to perform effectively, leaving exocrine based organs unprotected. (Human Genome Cystic Fibrosis) The symptoms of cystic fibrosis can vary from case to case, but the most common symptoms include male infertility, persistent coughing, salty-tasting skin, frequent lung infections such as penuomonia and bronchitis, shortness of breath, wheezing, weight-loss, and difficult bowel movements. Often times the acronym, CF, to represent cystic fibrosis. People with cystic fibrosis make it a very big priority to have minimal contact with