IT use in the classroom more and more widely, and teachers how reasonable and effective use of information technology, which requires teachers to fully understand the role of IT in the classroom teaching. IT use in the classroom more and more widely, and teachers how reasonable and effective use of information technology, which requires teachers to fully understand the role of information technology in the classroom, this paper tries to discuss the following aspects of information technology in classroom teaching role: to change the traditional teaching methods; strengthen the leading role of teachers; increase student interest in learning, active classroom atmosphere; disperse teaching difficult to break through teaching focus, to promote
In the late 1970s and early 1980s, when new personal computers were creating greater possibilities for individual work, supporters of communicative CALL stressed that computer-based activities should focus more on “using forms than on the forms themselves, teach grammar implicitly rather than explicitly, allow and encourage students to generate original utterances rather than just manipulate prefabricated language, and use the target language predominantly or even exclusively.” Communicative CALL corresponded to cognitive theories which stressed that learning is actually a process of discovery, expression, and development. Popular CALL software developed in this period included text reconstruction programs (allowing students to work alone or in groups to rearrange words and texts to discover patterns of language and meaning) and simulations (which stimulated discussion and discovery among students working in pairs or groups). For many proponents of communicative CALL, the focus was not so much on what students did with the machine, but rather what they achieved with each other while working at the
Educational technology can be defined as the effective use of technological tools in the education field (Richey, 2008). According to Megan Donley, technology is now playing a large role in the education field (2012). In this essay teachers can be defined as the people who provide education and the learners are the people who receive it, the process of which can be involved with different technological elements. In order to explain this issue, both the impact on teachers and learners have to be interpreted. This essay will focus on how technology assist education on teachers and learners respectively.
Thus, it is vitally important to learners and/or educators anytime and anywhere, business and other settings. The technology encompasses both educational and developmental material objects, such as machines and networking hardware, as well as theories such as instructional theory and learning facilities. ICT for education is an integral part of societies‟ everyday life, which refers to an array of tools and the principles for their effective application in learning process and facilities . ICT for behavioral and educational psychology is therefore, methodologies and techniques, and skills assessment for learners and educators in their learning provider institutions towards its impacts. ICT as the paradigm of educational and behavioral psychology is a dynamic and multi-factor aspect, including, Internet-based learning and instructional and learning theory, media perception and human social interactions, fields of study that apply human behavior to educational technology , .
In other words, they often used the type of assessment that mainly focuses on the ability of the students to arrive or produce or demonstrate their own learning. They rarely used the assessment tools that focus on the product their students were able to come up with. There are many reasons why teachers are reluctant to use formative assessment in their classroom. Time shortage and large class size are one of the main reasons that teachers mentioned in their interview. Moreover, teachers decided their assessment types basing on its convenience for management.
Language Achievement: According to Richard and Schimt(2002,p284) Language achievement is defined as: “A learner’s mastery, in a SECOND LANGUAGE and FOREIGN LANGUAGE, of what has been taught or learned over a period of instruction”. The researcher will assess learners’ achievement through a teacher made achievement test. Limitation and delimitation: Limitation: In order to have more reliable result, the researcher will need more participants to select ,but the main problem is an unavailability of participant on the intermediated level Also lack of suitable institution is
2.5.4. Role-playing and simulation in language learning Within the framework of language learning, there are other oral materials which consolidate oral communication. These are role-playing and simulation. With regard to their importance, Johnson and Mellow (1981:126) argue that Among classroom activities, role-playing and simulation used at a highly rate, are suitable vehicles to use in a communicative approach to language learning. The terms role-playing and simulation, however, have been interpreted in many different ways by teachers and textbook writers.Trying to make the distinction between role-playing and simulation, Krashen (1981:31) defines simulation as “a teaching technique in which students act out language using situations with or without preparation”.
The teacher is the key to the effective exploitation of this resource in the educational system. As computer use continues to increase in society, educators must also prepare for the use of computers within the classroom. This involves all levels of education, including elementary schools (McCannon& Crews, 2000). The role of the elementary school teacher is evolving from that of a giver of information to that of a facilitator of student learning. New technologies already exist to help teachers complete that evolution (Downs, Clark & Bennett, 1995).
Grammatical problem will influence on how words are put together to form the correct sentences or meaningful. Fourth, some students were still in doubt with choosing the correct words while composing descriptive text. Lack of vocabularies made the students confused in developing their ideas. In this case the students have to choose the correct words that they need. Last, students’ difficulty related to spelling, punctuation and capitalization.