Cognitive theory focuses on the relationship between thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. Social workers assist clients in identifying patterns of irrational and self-destructive thoughts and behaviors that influence emotions. Cognitive theory allows social workers to assess the client’s schemata, identify any dysfunctional thought patterns, and consider the evidence supporting a client’s belief in order to clients to adjust their process to better facilitate the attainment of goals and experience more positive emotions (Hutchison, 2013. P. 119). On the other hand, cognitive therapy cannot encourage clients to rationalize their problems with negative thoughts and irrational thinking due to oppressive external circumstances. Negative thoughts
Case management is a significantly vital modality in the delivery of efficient services for individuals who are experiencing difficulty. This approach organises interventions that addresses the needs that impede the life opportunities of people through a collective process of assessment, planning, facilitation and advocacy for services and options. Although there is a variety of case management models and a diverse set of theoretical lenses to peer on human development (Ministry of Justice, 2009). These models can be contingent on the dominant sector or priority, such as the learning and development field or health sector. The variation amongst these areas insinuates the diversity present in literature concerning these models and the most appropriate
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is an evidence-based psychological therapy. The emphasis is on recognising and modifying negative thoughts and beliefs and maladaptive behaviours, subsequently impacting on mood and emotions. I am a Psychologist and Clinical Hypnotherapist based in Castlebar, Co.Mayo that offers Cognitive Behavioural Therapy sessions to clients based in Castlebar and the wider Mayo hinterland.
Aaron Beck’s Prisoners of Hate (1999) provides a great in depth look at the causes of anger, hostility, and violence. Becks central message, that is illustrated throughout various chapters, is that all hate is hate, no matter the scale. In other words, the same mechanisms that cause people to hate their spouse is the same hate that is used to justify war. This fact is hardly intuitive, but Beck’s use of a broad variety of stories, backed up by cognitive analyses, shows just how similar all anger, hate, and hostility truly are. With that being said, Beck does not leave it at that, but rather provides numerous ways of correcting hate and freeing those who are prisoners of their own negative cognitions and emotions. Amongst numerous potential
There are many ways for people to receive help for problems. Whether they decide to take a spiritual, personal, or professional approach, there are always options! Throughout the United States, there are multiple facilities for a wide array of problems such as drug addiction, schizophrenia, and other behavioral problems people may face. Someone should never be looked down upon for seeking help, but should rather be praised for wanting to take action and wanting help. Alpine Recovery Lodge, located at the base of the mountains in Alpine, Utah is an inpatient therapy facility that specializes treatment for those struggling with addiction to both drugs (including prescription drugs) and alcohol. The areas of specialization at this
Pat S. was referred to the office following his release from an inpatient treatment facility after court sentencing. He was court ordered to the inpatient treatment facility after he walked in on his wife cheating on him in the shower and beat the other man to the point that he required an extensive hospital stay. During his eight-month stay at the inpatient facility, Pat was diagnosed as having bipolar I disorder. Following his release from the inpatient treatment facility, Pat is mandated to attend regular counseling sessions. Pat stated that he experienced what he now knows are delusions in the weeks prior to the incident; he continues to say that Nikki, his wife, is being manipulated by others so she will stay
f. Integrated treatment is when a combination of cognitive behavioral methods are used in treating co-occurring disorders (COD) along with substance abuse treatment. This includes doing an analysis of any link between Axis I or Axis II symptoms for substance abuse including any rumored criminal conduct, determining coping skills for behavioral and cognitive shortfalls, and providing the means to train both behavioral, and cognitive coping skills that is tailored to the clients specific needs. These target the clients three specific behavioral needs; evidence of any mental health disorders, criminal behavior, and substance abuse. For example the clinician has assessed and diagnosed a veteran with alcohol substance abuse and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Because the client has had a drinking problem for a
Throughout the internship process, these two theoretical approaches have been very effective in assisting the client to healthier living. The hierarchy of needs theory is based on Abraham Maslow emphasize on self-actualization. The hierarchy of needs consist of basic needs, safety, and esteem that are sequence from highest to lowest in achievement. It is important that in this setting at an outpatient treatment center primarily assessing individuals with substance abuse issues that self-actualization is discussed and explained. Clients dealing with substance abuse problems loss so much of their lives as it relates to their job, children, and shelter. Therefore, it is imperative that we focus on establishing the client with the basic necessities before tackling the psychological
137) that emphasizes a personalized approach that centers on meeting the specific needs of the affected individual and their community. Harm reduction facilitates engagement and encourages consumers to interact with treatment providers while they are actively using substances and engaged in high-risk behaviors. Because helping marginalized populations “stay alive and healthy” (Tatarsky and Marlatt, 2010, p.118) is the foremost goal of the movement, offering low-threshold services is considered the foundation for subsequent therapeutic interventions at a point in time when the client is receptive to them. Marlatt, Larimar, and Witkiewitz (2012) have identified eight fundamental principles that characterize harm
Asked to define psychotherapy beyond the stereotype of couches, notebooks, and nodding heads, most people arrive at only blank minds and misconceptions. At Mindful Assessments & Psychological Services, however, psychotherapy is vital part of their practice of guiding children and adults toward healthier, happier lives. This Pequannock, NJ, practice uses psychotherapy and other techniques to help identify the roots of an issue and guide each client towards productive solutions. Here, their team explains this valuable, versatile, and oft-misunderstood approach to psychology with the same clarity and compassion that characterizes their practice.
It is believed the most influential model in treatment methods of depression has been Aaron Beck’s cognitive theory of depression (Beck 1976). Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is the most widely practised branch of psychotherapy. It was developed in the seventies by Professor Aaron T Beck. He concluded that in his treatment of depression, a combination of cognitive and behaviour therapies were more effective than psychoanalysis. By using clinical observation of depressed patients Beck was able to come to the conclusion that patients had a negative cognitive triad where they had a negative view of themselves, the world and their future. He dubbed this negative thinking as “negative automatic thoughts” (Beck 1976), as the thoughts seemed more spontaneous rather than as the result of deliberate thought. Through this essay, I will be discussing how the importance of our thoughts and behaviours are vital in understanding depression (Beck et al. 1979), the key components of CBT, and how negative automatic thoughts may influence our everyday lives.
Taking a skills training approach, I train my clients in self-hypnosis, what are essentially self-help techniques. The techniques used are based on validated research findings, which reveal that problems or disturbances are consequences of destructive and problematic forms of self-hypnosis. Self hypnosis is that internal chattering or self-talk which we all experience in our minds. It can be referred to in a number of ways including cognitions, autosuggestion, self-talk, self-suggestion, self-statements, self-instructions, automatic thoughts etc.
Effectiveness is defined as the degree to which objectives are achieved and the extent to which targeted problems are solved; the ability to be successful and produce the intended results (Cambridge). Effectiveness is determined without reference to costs and means "doing the right thing" while efficiency means "doing the thing right". Various meta-analysis established the effectiveness of CBT in depression (Hans and Hiller, 2013); Social Anxiety Disorders, General Anxiety Disorders, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Panic Disorder (Stewart and Chambless, 2009); Specific phobia (Wolitzky-Taylor, Horowitz, Powers, and Telch, 2008) in clinical settings. Findings from a meta analysis (Ebert, Carlotta Zarski, Christensen, Stikkelbroek et al, 2015)