Pregnancy outcome: Few studies have reported that nausea and vomiting in pregnancy is associated with favourable pregnancy outcome8-10. An interesting study conducted by group of investigators in 411 pregnant women about the pattern of nausea and vomiting its pregnancy outcome showed that women without nausea and vomiting had a greater proportion of non viable fetus and low birth weight infants than those who had vomiting 8. HG is said to be associated with low birthweight (LBW), preterm birth (PTB), small-forgestational-age (SGA), perinatal death and prolonged hospitalization for the new-born infant 126-129. A recent meta-analysis on hyperemesis gravidaruam and pregnancy outcomes, comprising of 13 case–control studies, 10 cohort studies and
(Tinanoff et all 1997) Although over the last 20 years we have seen a decrease in the prevalence of dental caries in older children, we have not seen a decrease in the prevalence in children under 5 years of age. In fact, dental caries can be considered the most chronic childhood disease which makes understanding of its etiology that much more important. Early childhood caries are more common than many other treated pathologies. (Tinanoff et all 1997) Caries are considered an infectious disease of the oral cavity. Bacteria play an important role in the degeneration of the teeth structures.
The effectiveness of fluoride water is greatest for deciduous dentition, less caries in fluoridated communities with a range of 30-60 percent. In the ages between 8-12, is about 20-40 percent less caries in the mixed dentition and 15-35 percent less caries in adolescents between the ages 14-17 (E Newburn, 1989, p. 279). Water fluoridation was associated with reduction in dental caries experience about 29% substantially, and across all age groups 32% in permanent caries experience. The early studies reported that decay experience reduction in almost about 50% or more. In the early 1970s the fluoridated toothpaste has very important source of fluoride.
A Cochrane review found low-to-moderate quality evidence that acupuncture improves pain and stiffness, but the effect was similar to that of sham acupuncture. In addition, in this Cochrane review, the benefit only lasted up to 1 month after therapy. There was also a suggestion that electroacupuncture, in which current is conducted through electrodes attached to acupuncture needles, may be more effective than manual acupuncture. However, this review was also limited by a paucity of large, well-designed trials. Acupuncture is traditionally used as only one component of a holistic, individualized treatment plan.
Processed foods relate to trans fats that then relate to unhealthy cholesterol ultimately contributing to an increased risk of heart disease. She references information from studies performed by Harvard University implicating over 30,000 deaths each year from trans fats. Trans fats not only raise the bad cholesterol levels in your body, but they
The study authors stress that the findings don't mean that farm merchandise cause Parkinson's disease, they only show a link between the 2. Depression Opting for low-fat farm instead of full-fat farm reduces the chance of depression, per academician. Ryoichi Nagatomi, of Tohoku University in Japan, and team. Adults World Health Organization consumed milk and yoghurt between one and 4 times per week were less doubtless to expertise depression symptoms than people who reportable no farm consumption. Brain health People with higher intakes of farm merchandise are shown to get considerably higher on memory and brain perform tests than people World Health Organization drink very little or no
It is a plastic flexible ring that is inserted into the vagina which releases hormones. It is left insides the vagina for three weeks out of a four-week menstrual cycle and releases estrogen and progestin in the body (Smith source 3). When the ring is used properly, less than one percent of women experience an unintended pregnancy (Smith). Advantages of the patch reduces bone thinning and protects a woman from Pelvic inflammatory disease and an ectopic pregnancy (Smith). The patch also makes periods lighter and more regular, decreases cramps and acne, and ovarian and uterine cancer are less likely to occur but also makes a woman more vulnerable to get blood clots (Source 6).
A 24-hour urine collection would also show the presence of kidney damage, the risk of kidney stone formation, or the risk of familial hypocaliciuric hypercalcemia. Finally, I would have the patient take a 25-hydroxy-vitamin D blood test because vitamin D deficiency is common in people with severe cases of primary hyperparathyroidism and even more prone to patients with secondary or tertiary hyperparathyroidism. Secondary and Tertiary hyperparathyroidism are diagnosed in the same manner with clinical history in
“Approximately 12.7 million, or 17 percent, of children and adolescents are obese. Unhealthy weight gain due to poor diet and also lack of exercise is responsible for over 300,000 deaths each year. Overweight children are much more likely to become overweight adults unless they adopt and maintain healthier patterns of eating and exercise” (Aacap.org). Similarly, statistics from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2011-2014 discovered that “prevalence of obesity among U.S. youth was 17.0% in 2011–2014. Overall, the prevalence of obesity among preschool-aged children (2–5 years) (8.9%) was lower than among school-aged children (6–11 years) (17.5%) and adolescents (12–19 years) (20.5%).
Less than 1 in a hundred thousand child will suffer from serious adverse effects of vaccination, which is several times higher than the risk of being struck by lightning. The number of reported events of adverse reaction are very low, thus the concerns of vaccine causing irreparable damage is almost unfounded. Besides that, the risk of getting infected by a vaccine-preventable disease is higher than the risk of being saddled with adverse reactions from the vaccine itself. For example, CDC claims that more than 260,000 individuals are hospitalized due influenza annually, with deaths ranging from 3,000 to 46,000 individuals. Besides that, 800,000 to 1.4 million people suffer from chronic hepatitis B, with complications such as liver cancer.