Cable Theft Case Study

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2.1 Cable Theft
2.1.1 Fraud Fraud can be defined as the likelihood of malicious activities that have been caused by illegal use of confidential data, abuse of authority, false activities related to cables or any malicious activity [8]. In [9], the fraud has been described as a subsection of threats that intends to deceive individuals within an environment which include the cable infrastructure, financial, committing illegal activities or any individual gain.
2.1.2 Physically Steal Cables Physically stealing of cables occurs within various environments which prevent cable infrastructure from proper functioning and transmission of data. Hence, stealing of cable infrastructure experienced might cause loss of lives and financial losses [10].
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Cable theft can further cause massive damage if not addressed on the governance of organisation.
2.2 Governance and Cable Theft Governance can be defined as collection of actions to ensure development of policies, processes, procedures regarding to cable infrastructure and ensuring continuous monitoring of the implementation and taking a right decision within the acceptable level of accountability [12]. Good governance regarding the cable theft might positively impact country’s economy. Having good governance tightens up and strengthens cable theft. Hence, the lack of good governance might lead to cable theft [13]
2.3 The Consequences of Cable Theft South Africa experienced a high rate of cable theft throughout the years, which had an impact the country’s economy and even worldwide. Cable theft caused huge financial losses, attacks and accidents on infrastructure [4] In [3], it was stated that cable theft has caused severe problems for various types of infrastructure such as railways, the telecommunication environment, the health industry, construction sites, etc. Hence, cable theft has caused disaster, failure and vulnerabilities on
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From the year 2012 cable theft cost started with a rise of 17,8 million rand. Cable theft has also affected the Telkom infrastructure. The impact of cable thefts of Transnet and Telkom has caused a negative impact toward South Africa’s economy [11].
4.1.2 Disruption Examples Figure 3 shows real-life images of disruptions experienced by the railway networks. Figure 3 examples of disruptions on railway networks [11] The disruptions does not only affect the cables on the railway networks, but it does extent to the electrical supply networks.
4.2 Electricity Supply Networks
4.2.1 Trends of Vulnerabilities Electricity supply networks has experienced an increase in the cable theft during April 2011 and December 2011 with 1 399 cable theft incidents. These cable theft incidents have caused injuries, loss of life, load shedding and the cost of copper cable theft posed a serious concern. Figure 4 shows summary cost of copper cable theft experienced between 2006 to 2011 [17]. Figure 4 Summary cost of copper cable theft experienced by Eskom between 2006 to 2011
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