Unlike mercury and lead, arsenic is a metalloid; and in some food source; like rice; the biggest problem. Arsenic is toxic and carcinogenic, it is highly abundant in nature with a mean availability of 5mg/kg soil within earth’s crust (Manvi Singh, 2013). One of the reason arsenic is abundant in the soil and water is because of mining of coal and other metals. Therefore arsenic contamination has a widespread reach, in regards to food consumption it not only contaminates sea-based food, but also land-based. Arsenic by soil and water contamination therefore can lead to a direct contamination in agricultural practices and provide health risks.
Decreased hydrogen ion concentration, leading to increased bicarbonate, or alternatively a direct result of increased bicarbonate concentrations causes metabolic alkalosis. Common causes are prolonged vomiting, hypovolemia, diuretic use, and hypokalemia (James L. Lewis, 2016). Compensation for metabolic alkalosis occurs in the lungs. Metabolic alkalosis leads to alveolar hypoventilation with a rise in arterial carbon dioxide tension. A patient is treated depending on its cause.
There are many causes of cirrhosis including chemicals (such as alcohol, fat, and certain medications), viruses toxic metals (such as iron and copper that accumulate in the liver as a result of genetic diseases). Symptoms • Yellowing of the skin (jaundice) due to the accumulation of bilirubin in the blood • Fatigue • Weakness • Loss of appetite • Itching • Easy bruising from decreased production of blood clotting factors by the diseased liver Causes • Alcohol • Viral Hepatitis B & c Effects • If the diagnosis of liver cirrhosis
Effect of cadmium on human body: Adverse Effect of cadmium on bone: Effect of toxic cadmium on bone became evident when the disease Itai-itai outbreak in Japan, with the consumption of heavily cadmium polluted rice it causes renal and skeletal damage in women (Kjellstrom 1992). It causes great threat to human health due to its long retention in kidneys (Jarup et al.1998). Low amount also effects the skeleton(Alfven et al.2004; Staessen et al.1999). Either it effects kidneys or bones is still unclear (Kjellstrom 1992). In comparision to cadmium, lead deposit in bones in replacement to calcium, and the skeleton consist of almost 90% of lead body (Berglund et al.2008; Nilssol et al.1991).
We can view these chemicals on the table below: One of the chemicals of note is Dioxin that is highly carcinogenic. CHEMICALS FOUND AT THE LOVE CANAL* Chemical Water & Leachate Air Soil & Sediment Benzene ID** 522.7 µg/m3 <0.1-0.8 µg/kg α-Benzene Hexachloride 3.2 µg/l 0.002-0.1 µg/m3 ID β-Benzene Hexachloride 38 µg/l 3 µg/m3 ID δ-Benzene Hexachloride 6.9 µg/l 0.4 µg/m3 ID γ-Benzene Hexachloride (Lindane) 50 µg/l ID 20 mg/gm Carbon Tetrachloride ID 5.0 µg/m3 Chlorobenzene 10 mg/l 0.1-172 µg/m3 0.4-2.9 µg/kg Chloroform 0.2-3.9 µg/l 0.5-24.0 µg/m3 0.2-2.3 µg/kg Chlorotoluene 75 mg/l 0.008-7650 µg/m3 ID Dichlorobenzene 3 mg/l <0.3-100.5 µg/m3 240 µg/kg Dichloroethane 0.2-4.8 µg/l <0.4-2 µg/kg Dichlorotoluene 95 µg/l <18-74 µg/m3 1,3-Hexachlorobutadiene (c-46) 22-114 µg/m3
What is Anthrax? This is a highly infectious disease caused by bacteria called Bacillus anthracis. It is found in the naturally in soil. This disease affects humans with the contamination of animal products. For instance the inhaling anthrax spores that have been inhalational anthrax or by consuming undercooked meat from infected animals.
Each element has its own toxicology profile and how these elements are useful to the human system (Klaassen, 2001). Dental amalgams deteriorate due to a number of causes, namely; mastication, vigorous teeth brushing, oral temperature increase and abrasion. When the dental amalgam is damaged it tends to release a mercury vapour or little pieces of amalgam which are ingested into the system with beverages or food (SCENHIR, 2007; Roberson et al., 2006; Huggins, 1992). The amount of damage dental amalgams can produced is based on the size, sensitivity of the patient to one of the elements in the amalgam, composition of the amalgam, the age of the amalgam and the surface area covered by the amalgam (Weiner et al.,
2012). Accordingly the chemicals in the plastic can enter the human body. Building blocks of the chemicals in plastic, which are a toxic, breaks when its repeatedly cleaned or exposed to heat. Using plastic products for multiple times may release the toxic chemicals in the plastic. Since 1940s BPA has been recognized as a chemical that obstructs normal hormonal function.
DDT was widely used after World War 2 for pest control. It is a potent neurotoxin; therefore it damages the nervous system. It can cause impaired motor function and impaired cognition. It has also been linked to numerous other conditions such as infertility and cancer. What are the health effects of pesticides on humans?
Initially, there will be blood in urine (haematuria) only, although proteinuria (protein in the urine) may also develop. Occasionally, the proteinuria is so marked that nephrotic syndrome is diagnosed. Later, the blood pressure starts to rise and, in men, renal function declines slowly. Once the blood creatinine has reached *200 mol/l patients can be advised that a form of dialysis or a transplant will be required, on average, 16 months later. This is very roughly 50% of kidney function, which would be classed as stage three of kidney disease.
There are many positive outcomes from fracking, but it polluted the environment. As fracking can help get natural gas, it puts harsh chemicals in the air. In the town of Dish is in Texas, there has been toxic chemical brewing in the air from “cracked Barnett Shale more than two kilometers beneath the surface” said David Biello. Also fracking has created water pollution; water pollution is from leaks in wells that are poorly cased. David Biello states that “leaks from badly cased wells contaminated drinking water wells—and one even exploded” which shows that when things are not done properly problems can occur (Scientific American).
This includes increased concentrations of heavy metals such as Mercury (Hg) and Lead (Pb) found in the liver tissue and/or chemical toxins such as man-made Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (e.g. DDTs) and these are found in the blubber tissue of cetaceans. (Pierce et al. 2008; Jepson et al. 1999): To investigate the high proportion of Harbour porpoises dying from infectious disease, chemical sampling was undertaken in the liver/blubber tissue of the strandings to research the effects of PCBs earlier mentioned as well as heavy metals like Mercury (Hb).
Liver cancer will occur only after many years of progressive occlusion of the liver bile ducts. With a liver and immune system in good health the ability to destroy virus material is effective and you will rarely be ill. But, if the liver is toxic then it can 't defend itself against viral infections. The liver cell 's ability to deal with toxins, drugs, food additives, etc., is greatly impaired by the presence of gallstones. Gallstones stuck in the bile duct leading to the duodenum or in fibrous tissue is the most common form of jaundice.
The video, 60 Minutes – Electronic Wasteland, produced by Solly Granatstein, show us the cruel reality of the environmental consequences of human activities and life style and how the emissions from these recycling practices are damaging human health and the environment. Electronic waste (E-waste) contains toxic components like Lead, Mercury, Chromium, Cadmium, Polyvinyl Chloride, that affects the overall wellness of the human body and the ecosystem that is exposed. Some of the health effects of these toxins on the human body include brain damage, kidney disease, mutations, different types of cancers, birth defects, reproductive system damage, and much more. This video, it is very impressive and totally change my way of thinking and acting,