It has led to a rise in the recidivism rates of prisoners. Recidivism refers to the repetition of criminal behavior (James, 2011). According to the United States Bureau of Justice 2010 statistics report, three-quarters of released prisoners are constantly rearrested for new crimes and more than half of these go back to prison in a period of two to three years after their release. Ex- inmates account for an approximated 19 percent of all arrests (Phelps, 2013, p.55). Criminals who return to the community are also most of the times worse off after a period of confinement than when they entered.
Mass incarceration is the way that the United States has locked up millions of people over the last forty years using unnecessary and disproportionate policies. Contrary to popular belief, this is racially fueled as most of these policies saw to it that blacks and latinos be locked up for longer than their white peers and for smaller crimes. These racist roots within the system can be traced back to when the first slave ship arrived in the US. But our first major prison boom was seen after the American Civil war. I know that the Civil War was far more than forty years ago.
This strategically regime that governed tactic execution made a rise in 1980s jail population to 513,900. That's nearly 156,608 more people broken from families with petty crimes. As stated before, fear was a tactic to justify these actions. Willie Thornton picture showed a messy, monstrous, and fearful black male. His picture did more justice than his conviction.
Accordingly, U.S. officials would detain the balseros and, this time they would deny their entry (Gonzalez 108). Of course, this historical change was a result of the United States deciding they could no longer exploit the refugees for enough gain. Moreover, with Fidel Castro still in power after all the time they spent combating him and the refugees no longer having ties to big tobacco business, the United States decided Cuban people were non-essential. Without a doubt, the reception of the Mariel Boat people fundamentally changed White America’s view on Cuban migrants as
Latinos are impacted deeply by mandatory minimum sentences as found in a 2011 report in which it was found that Latinos were more convicted of an offense receiving mandatory sentence than any other ethnic group. Similar to the disparities found at the pretrial and sentencing periods, a 2009 study of 15 states data over 15-year period found that the Latino rates of re-arrest and conviction after release were similar to those of whites but Latinos were punished with incarceration at levels higher than whites. Latinos make up two-thirds of the people listed in California’s gang injunctions database. The three year rates of recidivism were only 59.9% for Latinos
Many of the incarceration rates for African Americans are about six and a half times greater than that of Caucasians. African Americans make up close to thirteen percent of the U.S. population, yet they happen to represent thirty-eight percent of violent crime arrests. The prison population accounts for forty percent of the African Americans incarcerated. Racial disparity exists mainly due to the mass media and the emergence of crack cocaine. Poverty also goes hand and hand with racial disparity in the United States.
Than why should they be tried as adults? The thing is drugs and alcohol can be taken care of at a rehab program. But hurting someone and or someone’s child scars them for life. The rate of murders by kids has indeed been skyrocketing across the country. According to the National Crime “The number of 17 year olds arrested for murder climbed 121%”.
It occurred on May 1, 1898 (Battle of Manila Bay). President McKinley informs Admiral George Dewey that during the war, he could not let Spanish soldiers leaves the Asiatic Coast and attack the Philippines. George Dewey leave Hong Kong with his six barge trains and traveled to the Philippines. Dewey and his navy beat seven Spanish ships, killed almost four hundred people, and took 250 prisoners without a victim. Another battle took place in Santiago Bay on July 3, 1898.
In 1798, President John Adams passed the Alien and Sedition Acts containing three parts: the Alien, Sedition, and Naturalization Acts. The Alien Act allowed the president to deport any immigrant that he found dangerous to the nation; the Sedition Act made it a crime to criticize the government; and the Naturalization Act lengthened the citizenship process. All of these acts were repealed by 1802 due to all of their negative impacts and influence on society. The Alien and Sedition Acts adversely impacted the nation through the deprivation of human rights, leading to protests. The acts took away the rights declared in the first amendment: freedom of speech and freedom of the press.
On average, 12,000 US citizens get murdered through homocides alone yearly. Not only is this number alarming, but the availability of guns in the United States is dangerous as well. When inmates from several prisons were asked where they obtained guns, they had many mixed answers that can be distressing to the safety of citizens. Overall, the survey showed that 56% of inmates paid for their guns (legally or ilegally), 15% claimed that the gun was a gift, 8% had a trade deal for the gun and 5% claimed that they had stolen the gun. Only 8% of America's 124,000 legal gun dealers have sold guns that have participated in crimes.
Discrimination and racial disparities exist at every phase of the U.S. criminal justice system, especially when it comes to sentencing. The United States incarcerates more people than any other country in the world, as there are over 2 million people imprisoned today. The drawing is a visual representation of my annotated bibliography. In it, I stated that the criminal justice system is broken, as it discriminates against people of color. The left side of the illustration depicts the scene of the courtroom during the trial of a white defendant.
In today’s world there are countless crimes committed every single day. “In 2015, there were 1.42 million total arrests, at a rate of 3,641 arrests per 100,000 residents” (State of California, Department of Justice). Grown adults are not the only people being arrested every year, there are also juveniles, children, being arrested every day. One topic of controversy today is whether or not juveniles who commit these crimes should be tried as adults in criminal court. There are many differences between the justice system for adults and the justice system for juveniles.
the criminal justice system is the biggest source of unequal treatment and injustice, where people get punished based on their race. African-Americans are directly targeted and punished in a much more aggressive way than white people. In New York City, Latinos and Blacks get stopped at a higher rate than whites. Blacks are more likely to remain in prison awaiting trial than whites (Quigley). According to New York City Police Department, “NY police 80% stops were of blacks and Latinos, when whites were stopped, only 8%” (Quigley).
You may also be required to install an ignition interlock device in your vehicle. Even with your first DWI offense, you will face stiffer fines if there is a child under 15 in your vehicle. You will be fined up to $10,000 and face up to two years of jail time. Of course, if your actions driving while intoxicated result in serious injury or death, you will face far stiffer penalties. A third-degree felony conviction for intoxication assault will result in at least two years and possibly up to ten years in a state prison.
The Anti-Drug Abuse Act of 1986 was a law that was signed by President Ronald Reagan on October 27, 1986. This law was what officially began the all-out war on drugs that is still being fought today by local, state and federal law enforcement agencies across the United States and internationally. This particular Act has been one of the leading cause of mass incarceration of both men and women in America. The prison population has almost quadrupled since 1980 to 2000 due to strict laws against drug dealers, drug traffickers, and users. Each year, the overall prison population surpassed the 1 million mark (Lurigio & Loose, 2008).