Although marriage and civil unions should be recognized under the Full Faith and Credit Clause it was not because this clause was primarily used for judicial rulings and was not thought to apply to marriages or civil union licenses. This deals with the recognition of same sex marriages in states, it also deals with the relationship between states. At the time some states such as New York recognized same-sex civil marriages but whether these unions were recognized in other states was an entirely different story. This went on for a while until it was determined that DOMA was not only discriminatory but also went against the Full Faith and Credit
Beccaria’s views on punishment. Lilly, Cullen and Ball (2015), stated that Beccaria was opposed to the economic rule of society and focused more on the reform of the criminal justice system. They describe Beccaria’s views on punishment as a way to create this better society. Drug policy laws were created to guide principles within our society to preserve the innocent from engaging in drugs. Unlike Beccaria we do not use the retribution theory of an eye for an eye any longer within our criminal justice system.
What is going on in California is wrong when the Elements of Ethics are applied to the situation. The Impartiality Principle says that all persons are equal and should be treated as such. The people in California involved with this underground network are not being treated equally or treating others equally. These illegal immigrants are being given a special opportunity, finding refuge from churches and private homes, which other illegal immigrants aren’t.
The EEOC Equal Employment Opportunity Commission is a federal agency that administers and enforces civil rights laws against workplace discrimination. Before 1964 employers can sometimes not hire an individual because of several reasons. For example, an employer can denied a person application because of race, color, national origin, religion, sex orientation, age and disability. The Civil Right Act of 1964 as amended in 1972 allows employees to fight back. Therefore, employers can no longer do such things.
The Department of Justice drafted the USA PATRIOT Act to increase the federal agencies’ power to use surveillance cameras, conduct search and detect communication both nationwide and from foreign countries to seek out terroristic attacks. In addition, the president that signed this into law was President George W. Bush. In addition, most people would not want the government to secretly spy on them.
The Equal Pay Act (EPA) went into effect on June 10, 1963, and President John F. Kennedy was the first to sign it to be used as a lawful document. Basically by the laws of the EPA, it “Prohibits discrimination on account of sex in the payment of wages by employers” (Equal Pay Act of 1963). By definition, it makes pay inequity illegal in all workforces. This way it can abolish segregation performed in jobs that have been claimed to be undervalued.
The Conservatives knew that majority of the states would ratify the amendment; so they agreed with the proposal to grant legislatures from the states to vote on the new amendment. (5) On July 2, 1909, the 16th Amendment was authorized and passed by congress. By February 3, 1913, the amendment had gotten three-quarters of the states to approve it—the number required by the Constitution for ratification. “Certified by Secretary of State Philander C. Knox on February 25, 1913, it then became the 16th Amendment to the Constitution.
The act therefore was formulated to provide a solution and harmonize working conditions in the United States. The federal law prohibits employers and administrators from discriminating against employees because of their color, origin, religion, sexual orientation and age (McKay, 2017). All of the above rules were formed to streamline working conditions in the United States. The statutes were formed during a time when discrimination was in all walks of life. The government, in response to the widespread discrimination practices, decided to act and provide a solution that would bring to an end to
The Eleventh Amendment The Eleventh Amendment was passed in the 1800s to stop states from being sued without their consent. The amendment was first created so a citizen from another state without their permission could not sue states. Now the eleventh amendment has been expanded to mean that a citizen from another state, a citizen of its own state, or the government/citizen of a foreign country cannot sue a state unless they give permission. This amendment changed America by giving more power to the states by taking it from the Supreme Court. This report will show this by telling the its creation, people’s feelings towards it, the debates/controversies of it, affect and court cases involving the amendment, and how the government has violated
Policies for specific states can vary. Kentucky has a policy against Racial Profiling. Their policy states that no state law enforcement agency or official shall stop, detain, or search any person when such action is solely motivated by consideration of race, color, or ethnicity, and the action would constitute a violation of the civil rights of the person (Kentucky General Assembly, 2010). They also gave the local law enforcement agencies a chance to modify the policy and get it approved.
After years of judicial opposition and close two years of congressional quarrel, on June 25, 1938, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the Fair Standard Act (FLSA). President Roosevelt describes the Act as “the most far-reaching, far-sighted program for the benefit of workers ever adopted in this or any other country." () Before the passage of the Fair Standard Act there were multiple efforts on the state level to restrict hours of work and set minimum wages. In 1840, the longer existing National Trade Union convinced President Van Buren to make an executive order restricting a 10 hour government work day. The National Labor Union made making the 8 hour work week a priority after the civil war had ended.
Affordable Care Act (ACA) is comprehensive health care reform law passed by President Barack Obama on March 2010, is also named as Obamacare. This act has 3 primary goals; first, make health insurance available to more people who are in the line of the federal poverty level, second, expand the medical program to cover all adults and third, generally lower the costs of health care. The law also aims to expand private and public insurance coverage, and regulating the insurance industry. This paper discusses about some of the benefit of ACA and drawback of the act.
The government shutdown originated on of the on-going fight about the Affordable Healthcare Act. While the shutdown occurred Republicans saw an opportunity to obtain a legislative win. Concurrently the debt ceiling issue raged on andnin order for the debt ceiling to be raised Congress must approve the increase. It is merely a power struggle day in and day out between the two parties and essentially boils down to control and money. A gallup poll taken on May 5-8, 2011 and then again in July 7-10, 2011 asked the question: “From What you know or have read about the discussions of raising the debt ceiling, would you want your member of Congress to --___________---or don’t