The actual yield is directly taken from the mass of the products in the experiment while the theoretical yield is determined by using stoichiometric calculations. To determine the theoretical yield, the reactants should be converted from grams to moles based on the coefficients in the chemical equation and the moles should be incorporated into the mass of the reactants. When calculated, this would give rise to the theoretical
First, find the chemical formula for the compound. Then, calculate the relative atomic mass of each element in the compound. Next, calculate the molar mass of each element in the compound. Lastly, add the molar masses of each element in the compound. 3.
3. To purify and identify the product, recrystallization is used in order to purify the product, then melting point and TLC techniques are used to identify the product. Theory 4. In nucleophilic substitution reactions, there are two possibilities, either Sn1 or Sn2. In this particular experiment, an Sn2 reaction
One of the reactions you observed resulted in this product: NaCl + H2O + CO2 (g)? What well did this reaction occur in? Describe how the observations for this reaction support your answer. B BoldI ItalicsU Underline Bulleted list Numbered list Superscript Subscript70 Words A reaction I observed in number 1.) Sodium Bicarbonate mixed with Hydrochloric acid.
Titration curve of NaCl and an unknown amino acid titrated with 2M HCl (blue), along with the NaCl blank (red). The graph shows the exact amount of HCl added in ml and the decrease of pH recorded during the titration. Figure 2: Titration curve of NaCl and an unknown amino acid titrated with 2M NaOH (blue), along with the NaCl titration with 2 M NaOH (red). The graph shows the exact amount of NaOH added in ml and the increase of pH recorded during the titration. It also shows that the same amount of NaCl base was used to titrate the blank.
Then, reweigh the cylinder to the nearest milligram. Calculate the density of the water then compare the measured density of the water with the value from the handbook for the temperature of this lab experiment. Now grab an unknown liquid and record the ID number and determine and verify the density of the unknown liquid. The same method is to be used as described for water. III.
Explain how the molarity of the standard solution (the alkali) was calculated in the experiment (equation explained)- 0.1M of NaOH is required, this equation will be used: Concentration = moles volume This will be rearranged to find the moles needed to carry out the experiment. The concentration of the experiment using NaOH is 0.1M so we just need to rearrange the equation to find the molarity. 0.1 x 0.250 = 0.0250 moles Number of moles = mass RFM 0.0250 = mass 40 0.0250 x 40 + 1g (mass) Explain how this enabled you to accurately calculate the molarity of each acid used in the titrations (equations explained)- Molarity of the acid = molarity of the alkali x volume of the alkali volume of acid Firstly we will need to add up all of the volumes found within the titration to find an average: 13.10+13.20+13.10= 13.13 Molarity of Ethanoic acid = 0.1 x 25.00 = 0.190 mol dm-3 13.13 Molarity of Hydrochloric acid = 1.0 x 25.00 = 0.077 mol dm-3 32.53
This process was repeated 10 times. Data The data from Table 1 was gathered by calculating the pK_a and K_a of the unknown weak acid using the change in volume and pH of the solution. The table contains data for trial number, starting and final volume, change in volume, pH of the solution, pK_a of the solution, and K_a of the
Abstract In this experiment, the reaction kinetics of the hydrolysis of t-butyl chloride, (CH3)3CCl, was studied. The experiment was to determine the rate constant of the reaction, as well as the effects of solvent composition on the rate of reaction. A 50/50 V/V isopropanol/water solvent mixture was prepared and 1cm3 of (CH3)3CCl was added. At specific instances, aliquots of the reaction mixture were withdrawn and quenched with acetone. In addition, phenolphthalein was added as an indicator.