Former civil servants, doctors, teachers and other professionals were stripped of their possessions and forced to toil in the fields as part of a re-education process (History.com). Pol Pot established many farm collectives and rice fields; workers “began to suffer from the effects of overwork and lack of food”(“Khmer Rouge”). Eventually every city in Cambodia had its own concentration camp; prisoners were in camps where most people died from starvation “damage to their bodies sustained during back-breaking work or abuse from the ruthless Khmer Rouge guards overseeing the camps” (history.com); the Khmer Rouge mainly targeted intellectuals and people who they thought would start a revolutionary movement. One famous camp was Tuol Sleng jail in Phnom Penh, where nearly 17,000 men, women, and children were imprisoned during the regime’s four years in
After researching the political party in charge, the large amounts of casualties, and the results of the conflict, it is apparent that the genocide that took place in Cambodia was one of the worst events in human history. A major cause of a genocide is the political party in charge, or an uprising group that is trying to gain power. The Khmer Rouge was a radical communist party that was uprising in Cambodia at the time. According to Khmer Rouge, this party came to power after winning a guerrilla war. This group was set up in 1967 as the armed wing of the communist party of Kampuchea.
And then I am able, with my bare hands, to rearrange the skulls and bones so that they are not scattered about." In this quote, Cambodian genocide survivor, Dith Pran, illustrates the pure horror the Cambodian people endured during the rule of Pol Pot - mass killing, starvation, executions, and brutal torture, perpetrated by their own ruler. Pot’s rule was not simply a totalitarian dictatorship. It was a totalitarian dictatorship that perpetrated one of the worst genocides in history, known to the world as the Cambodian Genocide. To begin, in 1962, a little-known politician named Pol Pot became the leader of the Cambodian Communist Party.
In November of 1969, Butterfield watched as Nixon erupted over a series of press reports by journalist Seymour M. Hersh. The president was informed about the massacre of hundreds of Vietnamese civilians by American soldiers in My Lai. The attack was led by Army Lieutenant William L. Calley and it was the best documented Vietnam war crime. Butterfield needed to be informed about anything that was of interest to the president. Therefore, he gathered numerous documents about the case into his documents.
The military seized control of the country. The only way for them to hold control was to eliminate all left wing opposition. Military death squads roamed the streets, picking up suspects and taking them off to unknown military installations, where they were often beaten, tortured, and never seen again. The military junta filled the presidency
January 31, 1968 Dear Diary, I’m writing to you because I just got the word that 19 Vietcong guerillas attacked South Vietnam’s embassy. As the President of the United States, I am very concerned about South Vietnam and all the Americans there at this time. Additionally, I am worried about how this will be portrayed to the Americans on the homefront through the media. I understand that South Vietnam and the Vietcong were in a “cease-fire” or a time where both sides agree to stop the fighting for a little while. I have been told that the Vietcong had hidden weapons throughout Saigon and attacked the second night of Tet, the Vietnamese New Year.
On 1st October 1990 the Rwandese Patriotic Front, with a force power of 7,000, attacked Rwanda. Due to this attack a policy of propaganda was adopted by the government which, as a result, caused all Tutsis to be labelled as members of the Rwandese Patriotic Front and all Hutus members of opposing parties to be labelled as traitors. This propaganda was spread through the press, media and radio and it created more tension and problems in the country (Outreach Programme on the Rwanda Genocide and the United
Analysis and interpretation Both Idi Amin and Pol Pot had harsh dictatorships in which they both eradicated people that were essential to their economies. They took similar actions in trying to “repair” their economies and societies as a whole. However their actions which include killing many of their citizens, nationalisation and expulsion of foreign businesses only caused damage in the short term which caused problems like food shortages. However although in the beginning both Cambodia and Uganda were in the same situation in terms of economic decline it was Cambodia that was left unable to recover as Pol pot had eradicated intellectuals in society . Idi Amin took power in 1971 through a military coup according to Source 1 at a time when British – Ugandan relations were strong therefore Amin had western support when he took power (source 1 ) which shows that cold- war politics influenced the rise to power of Amin.
On this day the Turkish government started killing and arresting hundreds of Armenian’s. Armenian’s weren’t allowed to go back to their homes, instead they were forced against their will to march through the Mesopotamin desert with no food or water. Some of the marchers were forced to strip of their clothes, march under the hot sun, until they dropped dead, anyone who stopped to get some rest were shot dead. While all of this was going on, History: The Armenian Genocide, states, “the Young Turks, created other organizations to kill off the Christian Armenian’s. These were ‘Killing Squads’.
The ones that did not have the sense to escape Bosnia while they could were found and capture. The Serbs even went so far as to take over what was thought to be a safe house to lure in unsuspecting Muslims trying to escape the Serbian wrath. One of the most heartbreaking massacres happened on July 11 1995, when eight thousand Muslim men and boys that had fled to the safe house were captured and killed. Two thousand prisoners of war were killed by the Serbs, and the entire Muslim population of Srebrenica was expelled from their