Tim Walz once said, “You must understand what caused genocide to happen. Or it will happen again.” One of the most famously proclaimed genocides in history is Hitler’s persecution of the Jewish people, but that is not where the killing stops. There have been hundreds of deliberate mass killings just like that throughout history. One of the most horrifying took place in the small country of Cambodia in the late 1900’s. This genocide was marked by its ruthless tyrant and it’s dehumanization factor.
Former civil servants, doctors, teachers and other professionals were stripped of their possessions and forced to toil in the fields as part of a re-education process (History.com). Pol Pot established many farm collectives and rice fields; workers “began to suffer from the effects of overwork and lack of food”(“Khmer Rouge”). Eventually every city in Cambodia had its own concentration camp; prisoners were in camps where most people died from starvation “damage to their bodies sustained during back-breaking work or abuse from the ruthless Khmer Rouge guards overseeing the camps” (history.com); the Khmer Rouge mainly targeted intellectuals and people who they thought would start a revolutionary movement. One famous camp was Tuol Sleng jail in Phnom Penh, where nearly 17,000 men, women, and children were imprisoned during the regime’s four years in
The Nazis would choose whether they were capable of doing difficult outdoor work or if they should be sent to the gas chambers. 865,000 people did upon arrival, mainly due to gassing (Killing Centers). Thousands of people died from exhaustion from working since they were already weak from having no food (Byers 112). In 1941 Hitler came up with the final solution. He set up killing centers to quickly kill as many Jews as possible.
The Cambodian Genocide took a toll on many and affected their physical, mental and emotional well-being. Throughout the genocide, the Khmer Rouge transported people to camps, deprived them of all of their possessions, starved them so they could barely work, separated them from their families resulting in relationships being torn apart, and forced them to conceal their past just so they can stay alive. This was the case with Luong Ung and her family. They went from being a wealthy family that was very tight-knit to each other to having most of them be killed and have no food or clothes. In the novel First They Killed My Father, Luong Ung portrays Pa as a generous and lovable man before the Cambodian genocide, but during the Cambodian genocide, Pa is drastically changed into a stern and isolated person.
Pol Pot was the leader of the communist Khmer Rouge in Cambodia that ruled from 1975 to 1979. Under the regime, approximately 2 million people died from execution or lack of food or illnesses. Many detention centers are also said to have conditions so harsh that only a handful of the thousands of people in them survived. This mass extinction was a result of aiming to create a classless peasant/farmer society. Believing this, Pot and the Khmer Rouge worked to rid the country of “intellectuals, city residents, ethnic Vietnamese, civil servants, and religious leaders” (History.com).
Sadly, many people did not survive and the ones that did were lucky. Buchenwald affected the Holocaust because it was setup to hurt people, the living conditions were harsh, and many people died. Buchenwald concentration camp was set up to work people to death. The goal was not to kill people,but rather have them work so hard that they would die. Buchenwald was given its name by Heinrich Himmler on
Mass annihilation a.k.a ‘genocide” is one-sided, whereby the aggressors are armed and organized, and their victims are defenseless. This form of violence has killed the most people of any form of violence- three to four times as many as war alone. The Cambodian Genocide is an example of one the most famous mass annihilations after the Holocaust. It was a horrid act carried out by the regime of the Khmer Rouge on any individual that was discerned to be in opposition to the policies in place. Pol Pot led the regime and was the man who controlled the government from 1975 to 1979, killing approximately 1.5 to 3 million Cambodians.
The world witnessed a catastrophic event between 1975 and 1979, which many would call the Cambodian Genocide. During the four years of the genocide, the Khmer Rouge regime will be responsible for an estimated two million deaths. Events such as the Vietnam War and authoritarian rule in Cambodia gave rise to Pol Pot. The main culprit, Pol Pot will be responsible for carrying out the Cambodian Genocide. While conducting the Cambodian Genocide, the Khmer Rouge, led by Pol Pot, violated many human rights in accordance with the International Bill of Human Rights.
The Cambodian Genocide occurred from April 1975 until 1979 in Cambodia, a country in South East Asia, well-known for its ancient kingdoms and artefacts. The Cambodian Genocide refers to the attempt to revolutionise Cambodia’s peasant farming society in accordance to Chinese communism ideas and beliefs by Khmer Rouge part leader, Pol Pot. The Khmer is the predominant ethnic group of Cambodia, accounting for 90% of the entire population and is extremely relevant to the genocide, while the Khmer Rouge was The Communist Party of Kampuchea. During 1970, Prince Sihanouk of Cambodia was overthrown in a military coup, where lieutenant-general Lon Nol was elected as the new president of the ‘Khmer Republic. As vengeance, Sihanouk and his forces formed
“The Cambodian Genocide refers to the attempt of Khmer Rouge party leader “Pol Pot” to nationalize and centralize the peasant farming society of Cambodia virtually overnight, in accordance with the Chinese Communist agricultural model.” When Sihanouk becomes the head of state, he breaks ties with the US and allows North Vietnamese guerrillas to set up based in Cambodia. In return, the US begins to plot secret bombings against the North Vietnamese on Cambodia soil. In 1970, Sihanouk is overthrown in a coup by the Prime Minister Lon Nol. He proclaims Cambodia, the Khmer Republic, and sends an army to fight the North Vietnamese. Lon Nol is overthrown as the Khmer Rouge led by Pol Pot occupies Phnom Penh.