As tensions grew between the Eastern Bloc and the Western Bloc, NATO, a military alliance was formed to counteract the threat that the Soviet Union provided in 1949. Canada was one of the main contributors to the creation of the alliance, and played a major role in upholding the alliance and assisting in power struggles during the Cold War era. NATO was especially important to Canada due to the political ties, military assistance, and ideologies that Canada had that aligned with NATO. A notable Canadian figure during this era was Lester B. Pearson due to his contributions to the alliance. He has assisted in struggles such as the Suez Crisis as well as repairing relations between America and Canada through the Bomarc Missile Crisis.
From 1914-1918, Canada was in a state of Total War. Women and minorities contributed to the war effort on the homefront by making clubs for themselves, custom making quilts, bandages, and clothes for overseas, worked traditional male jobs, donated land, working in the red cross, and organizing festivals. Every citizen of Canada was committed to giving back to the war effort. Even at home and overseas, the military added to the country being in Total War in the air and the sea; they gave it their all no matter where they were fighting. The government’s power in Canada created even a larger condition of Total War by the restrictions introduced and the amount of money spent/donated in WWI.
Canadian individual identity is questioned often because it is so diverse and means something different to each person in Canada. Although there is not a set identity there are many values and beliefs that are owned by all Canadians. To find out what Canadians identity is, one has to take into account what has affected it. The United States is the biggest influence on Canadian identity. The U.S. culture is very similar to Canadians as we are exposed to it all the time in media sources.
In 1871 British Columbia joined confederation and was the 6th province to be apart of the country known as “Canada”. “On July 20, 1871, British Columbia entered Confederation as our sixth province, extending the young Dominion of Canada to the Pacific Ocean.” (http://www.canadahistoryproject.ca/1871/ ) One of the main reasons B.C. was able to join Canada, was because of the Fraiser River Gold Rush. This was when 30,000 miners from the United States came to British Columbia to get in on the gold rush.
The impact of WW2 played a major role in helping Canada become a more strong, united nation, with equality, respect, and human rights. To begin with, before WWII there was lots of discrimination shown towards minority groups and many other cultures in Canada and because of this Canada created some inhumane mistakes. Canada allowed internment, allowed residential schools, and violation of human rights. When the Holocaust started it was like an eye opener for Canadians because they started to experience what the Holocaust underwent. This made Canadians realize that what they had done was wrong.
In the articles “Romanticism and realism in Canada’s foreign policy” by Allan Gotlieb, and “Canada’s global promise” by Jennifer Welsh, both authors argue the need for Canada to re-evaluate their current foreign policy however, differ in the way of how Canada should strive for international growth. Firstly, both authors contend that due to Canada’s lack of involvement of being the “peacekeeper” that they use to be, Canada’s reputation of being the global player has taken a serious hit. In Welsh’s article she mentions many Canadians want to be more active on the world stage, and want to spend more money on over seas development, and such UN projects, however the problem “is that Canadians are rarely asked to make difficult trade-offs in spending”. As a result, the Canadian government has to make cuts in spending on such military resources, and programs, in
Both Alexander Mackenzie and John A. Macdonald contributed greatly to making Canada what it is today. However, due to being on opposing political parties, they both came up with completely opposite policies. First of all, while Mackenzie was seeking free trade with the USA, Macdonald implemented the National Policy. In addition, both Mackenzie and Macdonald had different intentions towards the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR) project. Macdonald wanted to complete the CPR project, however, Mackenzie gave it no thought and immediately cancelled it.
The United Nations is an international organization that promotes cooperation between countries and the world. Canada’s involvement in the United Nations has little to no effect because the United Nations has no power. Canada’s impact on the United Nations was insignificant due to corruption, problems in finance, and peacekeeping missions. Canada should not be involved with the United Nations and therefore should leave the organization. The United Nations is corrupt and due to this Canada does little or has no chance to contribute to the organization.
I believe that Canada did become more independent in the 1920 's. Canada 's major role in WWI had earned the nation respect worldwide. Although Canada had become a nation over half a century before, it had not had real chance to prove itself as a nation. Post-WWI, it was no longer viewed as a British colony, the international political scene realizing that Canada had “come of age,” and was a significant force. Reliance on Britain as a political guide also diminished, and Canada began acting independently in international politics. An example of the increasing spirit of independence from Britain is Canada 's part in the Chanak Incident of 1922.
The Haiti earthquake on 12 January 2010 was the most significant natural disaster to strike the Western hemisphere in modern history (Figure 1). The world response was immediate, but marred with various complications stemming from a logistical standpoint that, in retrospect were eventually overcome through the combined efforts of this international response. Notwithstanding the fact that early on, the immediate reaction can be considered ad hoc, it must be stated that any unplanned event of such magnitude is at risk to a precarious start, especially to civilian agencies. A military, however, is the ideal organization for quick response, proven by early successes of Haiti’s closest two G7 neighbours, the United States of America and Canada.
From 1929 to 1945, Canada looked to become trustworthy trading partners with the United States. A way in which Canada strengthened its trade with the United States was by branching out from just being trading partners with Britain. Even though Britain was Canada’s primary trading partner, it was not until the 1920’s that Canada began to trade with the United States. A decrease in tariffs from 1913 to 1930, and zero or near-zero tariffs imposed by the U.S Revenue Act of 1913, allowed Canadian exporters to trade freely with the United States. As a result, Canadian exports to the United States rose from $104 million in 1911 to $315 million in 1930.