In 1885, the Canadian government imposed the Chinese Immigration act. The act made the Chinese the only nationality to pay $50 dollars in order to get into Canada. In addition, this was only implemented to discourage Chinese immigrants for coming into Canada. “In 1885...federal government decided to pass the Chinese Immigrant Act...special $50 head tax on Chinese immigrants…” (Canada in the Making). In spite of this act, this did not stop the Chinese from coming to Canada.
Liberal Party leader, Pierre Elliott Trudeau, was elected as the fifteenth Canadian Prime Minister on June 25, 1968. Trudeau was able to act quickly and exhibit strong leadership towards the F.L.Q. crisis that had developed in Quebec. He had to invoke the War Measures Act, which suspended fundamental civil rights. Trudeau also constructed the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, which allowed all Canadians to receive the essential human rights that they would regularly require.
Canada has many factors that cause it to be the strong and independent country it is and is seen as today. The cold war is a factor that shaped Canada’s independence and why people see Canada as such a strong country. Canada joins the U.N( United Nations). The U.N was created Oct 24, 1945. The U.N is an organization of countries that work together to prevent war, improve living conditions in other countries, defend human rights etc.
The reasoning behind her continued victory was because the courts had viewed the case as a violation to her religious freedom, as the niqab relates to her muslim faith. These separate verdicts had come long before it was even appealed to the Supreme Court. Zuneras’ religious freedom was protected by the courts of Canada, so we can infer that across the country in smaller cases, freedom of religion is being protected, as courts of Canada deem injustices and rulings against anything of religious relation as a violation of the Charter. This supportive decision making has made Canada an
This person is a significant impact towards Canadian history since some of his achievements include the 1980 defeat of Québec separatism, official bilingualism, the patriated Constitution, and the manifestation of the Charter of Rights. These achievements are just the tip of Trudeau’s life and success. Socially, Trudeau was well loved by the people, with the craze of Trudeau mania, it really put into perspective the pedestal that Canada’s leader
Canadian Immigration Policy: An Analysis of the Formation of Transnational Families in Regulation 117(9)(d), Excluded Family Members of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations (IRPR) (450)Introduction: This Canadian policy study will define the negative formation of “transnational families” in the context of Canadian immigrant regulations that prevent families of immigrants from reuniting in the country. More specifically, it is the policy of family division that is formed in Regulation 117(9)(d), Excluded Family Members that define the legal codes of policy action in Canada’s Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations (IRPR). In this policy, the immigrant that initially applies for immigrant status in Canada must have their
Defining moments are what shape and help develop a person through stages of their life. These important moments in life are not limited to just people. All things, including Canada have had many defining moments that still have an impact on modern society. The battle of Vimy Ridge granted Canada a global reputation and gave Prime Minister Robert Borden the push towards independence. The FLQ October Crisis was a terroristic incident that stopped Quebec independence.
In class, we have briefly discussed Western alienation from being poorly represented in a Senate that is heavily loaded with Ontario and Quebec interests. Pierre Trudeau had a vision that all of Canada would be united as one and that no matter what province you are from, you are Canadian, and you will receive the best quality of life. If only it were that simple, The West has been taken for granted and as a Senate reform option, there should be more representation from Western provinces. In fact, there is a reform called the "Triple E-Senate", which would "provide better representation for Canadians who lived outside of Ontario, Quebec and the Atlantic provinces, and provide a check on the extraordinary powers that our system confers on majority governments" (Kline 1) "Triple E" stands for "Elected, Effective and Equal" (Gibson 17) From that definition one can interpret that the West is looking to change the selection process of Senators. Instead of nominations, they would rather the Senators are voted in, which could subject them to the Government of the day.
This was demonstrated through the enactment of the Canadian Fair Employment Practices Act, which prohibited an employer from discriminating his employees on terms of their race, national origin, colour, or religion. As of July 1st 1953, the widespread issue of discrimination in the workplace was finally resolved at a federal level, which helped Canadians to embrace diversity. This is important because all Canadian employers were no longer able to pay or treat their employees on account of a disposition they were born with. As a result, white supremacy in the workforce began to die down, and more immigrants and coloured Canadians were employed. Another widespread workplace issue that existed before 1956 was the significantly low pay women received.
NAFTA brought immediate elimination of tariffs on more than 50 percent of Mexico’s exports to the USA, and elimination of about 33 percent of USA exports to Mexico. The trades between USA and Canada were already duty-free. This Agreement was also made on the purpose to eliminate non-tariff trade barriers, while protecting the intellectual property rights of their products at the same time. All of this negotiation and agreements was a wonderful part of history, but it wasn’t like that between everyone in the world. Bringing you back to the Cold War, it was a state of military and political tension that took place for nearly 45 years!
Identity is an important part of our lifestyle. Showing our identity is a fundamental part of life; it is the way we communicate with each other. As citizens, we showcase our identity through our attire and statements. Nations use other methods to showcase their identity. Canadian identity has often been a popular theme with historians and social scientists over the years.
Ultimately, requiring a definitive description of legal immigration vs. illegal immigration. To add, the Immigration Act in 1917 not only rejected entry of “idiots and imbeciles”, but also required that incoming immigrants pass a literacy test. Progression of immigration reform in 1921 limited the number of immigrants allowed into the U.S. Then again, in 1924, the National Origins Act set forth regional restrictions, excluding entry by southern and eastern Europeans as well as Asian immigrants. Throughout the 40’s, adjusted immigration laws implemented allowances for World War II military spouses of foreign origin entry. For the purpose of upping government reach for controlling seditious groups or individuals depicted as undesirable, the McCarran-Walter Act in 1952 was birthed.
For example, in the case of Reference re Manitoba Language Rights the Court stated that the Manitoba Act established certain Constitutional duties that the legislature was responsible for upholding (1985). A more concrete example comes from the two cases of O’Connor and Mills. In the O’Connor case the Court dealt with the release of medical records in sexual assault cases, the Court split five to four over how stringent the requirements surrounding introducing victim medical records into court should be (1995). In authoring a legislative response, the legislature choose to base their response not off the majority opinion, but off the strong dissent authored by justice L’Heureux-Dube (Baker, 2010, 22). The legislature’s response, Bill C-46, was challenged in the Mills case; remarkably the Court upheld the Bill C-46 in a 7-1 decision (1999).
¬¬¬Canada is known worldwide, as a multi-cultured and accepting society¬¬¬. Canada is recognized as understanding of all genders, races, ages, sex orientations, and all religions. Canada shows this acceptance in the collective morals of society, but also in the legal system. However not every country is like Canada. Canada is a democracy so the belief is in being equal and fair, thus Canada put these beliefs into effect by creating the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms using the Equality Rights section.