Canada played critical roles in World War 1, making history. Many sacrifices were made but there were wins that sparked national pride. World war one challenged Canadians on the field, the front, and at home. Militarism, alliances, imperialism and nationalism were all causes of World War 1. Two main groups in alliances were the Triple Entente (Great Britain, France, and Russia) and the Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, and The Ottoman Empire). In 1914, Canada was a self-governing dominion of the British Empire, but did not control its own foreign affairs. The Canadian government decided the extent of Canada’s war effort, but legally the country was at war when Britain declared one. Great Britain was one of the allies, so Canada automatically …show more content…
The Germans charged against Canada and it was the first time they used chlorine gas, a deadly gas that killed men instantly. Canada held their line, thus Britain saw that Canada had strong troops. In July, 1916, the Somme had the Newfoundland regiment army fight, and it was the first time the British used tanks. This battle led Newfoundland’s Memorial Day on July 1st. In April, 1917, the battle of Vimyridge was the first time a country practiced fighting. The Canadians practiced on a mock battlefield and used a technique called the creeping barrage were they would shoot artillery overhead while creeping forward, this lead to Canada making the largest gains since the beginning of the war. In November, 1917, Passchendaele was a hard time for Canadians. Canadian general Arthur Currie was chosen to lead the Canadians. He said that Canada should not participate in the battle of Passchendaele due to the severe muddiness of the field. Britain insisted that that they go to war. The Canadians were very upset about how the British treated them. There were huge amounts of Canadian casualties, so the Canadians learned that they have to make their own decisions and be independent. Along with battles on the …show more content…
Canada’s smart planning, ideas and endurance help led to Germany surrendering on November 11, 1918, and all nations had agreed to stop fighting while the terms of peace were negotiated. On June 28, 1919, Germany and the Allied Nations signed the Treaty of Versailles, formally ending the war. The war taught the world that wars caused so much death they never wanted it to happen again. About 61,000 Canadians were killed during the war, and another 172,000 were wounded. Many more returned home hurt physically and emotionally. If Canada did not participate in World War I, we might have not become an independent country, there would be less supplies to the allies, and many battles many have been lost. Till this day we celebrate Remembrance Day on November 11 in honour of all the soldiers that fought for
First, after declaring war, they sent troops to Europe but they were defeated in France and Belgium. This scared many Canadians, and encouraged them to support the war and enlist. Their army expanded and the First Canadian Army was formed in England under
The battle shows Canada's ability to act independently and without Britain’s command. It gave Canadians the chance to been seen as equal to countries like France and Britain. General Arthur Currie was able to outsmart any of the British and French generals plans when he came up with the idea of the creeping barrage. The creeping barrage resulted in a swift capture of Vimy ridge and less deaths than both the British and French failed attempts. “The Canadian achievement in capturing Vimy Ridge owed its success to sound and meticulous planning and thorough preparation, all of which was aimed at minimizing casualties.”
Canadians participate in a lot of events but they do not always receive the recognition they need. In the end, this showed that Canadians showed pride and determination in the battle of D-day. As a final point, without Canada, World War 2 would not have ended because Canada was the only division to make it up to Juno Beach. Juno beach was the furthest away from Normandy which made it a very difficult challenge for allies to reach it up to that point with heavy artillery such as machine guns and barbed wire made it even more of a challenge. Canada being the main cause of D-day being such a
Even though April 9, 1917 is not the official date in history, it is the date that Canadians accomplished something that no one else was able to, capture Vimy Ridge. Canada became a nation by trying new ideas, showing how they were different; Canada was unique and most definitely not British. Canada was something new, improved and innovative; a sovereign nation. A final example of how Canada stopped being a colony after the war was how at the end of WWI all the sovereign nations gathered to sign a peace treaty finalizing the war. Canada was granted permission to have a signature on the
Located in northern France, the heavily-fortified seven-kilometre ridge held a commanding view over the Allied lines. The Canadians attacked over an open graveyard since previous French attacks had been unsuccessful with over 100,000 casualties. Canadians tested different tactics than the Regular British Army which resulted in Canada’s victory. Arthur Currie created a replica of the battle grounds, which he allowed his soldiers to train in. All soldiers knew the plan and were instructed to use a tactic called the Vimy Slide, which was when soldiers would move 100 yards every 3 minutes.
What was the Most Important Change for People living in Canada as a Result of World War One? World War I brought upon several repercussions towards Canada, the largest being the introduction of income tax in 1917. The War Tax Upon Income had the largest impact on Canada as the length of the act was unknown, national debt accumulated through the course of the war, and inflation rises. No one was quite sure when the war would end, so Canada needed to put income tax into place to help fund the war, where Sir William Thomas White, the minister of finance, had said, “We do not know how long this war will last… Therefore, I have placed no time limit upon this measure.
These private soldiers were instrumental in allowing the forces to continue on without a superior, as opposed to leaving the men to figure out what to do by themselves. A third strategy that allowed the Canadian men to take an even further advantage against the Germans was the use of machine guns in large numbers. At the time, machine guns were used for defensive purposes only, but Canadian Lieutenant-Colonel R. Britnel had a plan to use these for offensive intentions. The Canadian corps ended up without about ten times more guns per battalion than the British. Britnel’s plan included counter-battery fire upon
World War 1 was a historic event which began in 1914 and ended in 1918. This bloody conflict took the lives of more than 17 million people who were fighting for their countries. Being a British colony at the time, Canada was dragged into the war that did not impact the country in any way, yet thousands of Canadians volunteered to devote their lives for their nation. The first World War had the greatest impact on Canadian history during the 20th century, as this event helped Canada gain more independence from Britain, it helped introduce women in the workforce, and also introduced non-white Canadians in the army. For the longest time, Canada had been under British control, however, this changed a bit after World War 1 took place.
When people hear the term war, they automatically presume it as a negative event in time. The mass amounts of death, injuries, and families destroyed would make one believe not a single positive can come from it, although this is not always the case; there are many positives that can come from a nation fighting a strong battle. Canada benefitted from the war due to it helping end The Great Depression in 1939, women involvement increased, and the nation of the strong and free gained more military independence. World War Two made a large positive impact because it helped eliminate the dilemma that caused great hardship from 1929-1939; the event is known as The Great Depression. People lost their jobs, went into poverty, and could not meet
One of Canada’s strengths was its major contributions to the war such as soldiers, supplies and victories that helped Canada gain a new sense of maturity. After gaining their own Commander of Canadian Corps. in 1917, Canada was seen as being less dependent on Britain, because it was slowly starting to become its own separate nation. Canada was invited to the Paris Peace Conference and given two seats. Canada signed the Treaty of Versailles in its own right as an independent country, and the identity of Canada had changed as a result of WW1.
This is evident because of how Canada could be less respected if it wasn’t for their war contributions, how women’s rights could have been different or non-existent, and how Canada could not have gained it’s independence from Britain. In conclusion, World War One impacted Canada greatly
World War One was a time in Canadian history where our courage and bravery in the face of danger was proven many times over. However, it was not just our troops who showed bravery and fought to make a change. In fact, the actions of groups and individuals in this time period made Canada stronger. This is due to the Famous Five and their suffrage movement. This is also because of the Group of Seven.
When Prime Minister Wilfrid Laurier stated, “As the 19th century was that of the United States, so I think the 20th century shall be filled by Canada”, the decades that followed provided his statement to be true as Canada became an independent and strong nation. The battlefields in World War One were a defining moment for Canada as their forces fought as one nation for the first time, instead of under British Command. Also, at the end of the war, Canada was recognized at the Peace Conference and signed the Treaty of Versailles as an independent country. In addition, Canada joined the League of Nations, playing a major role in world politics. These events in the early 20th century allowed the beginning of a strong nation with a growing national
WWI separated french and english Canada and gave women the right to vote. In WWII Canada established itself as a middle power and its industrial sector grew. Peacekeeping helped defined Canada as a nation with strong peacekeeping power and helped bolster