Canadian Immigration Policy: An Analysis of the Formation of Transnational Families in Regulation 117(9)(d), Excluded Family Members of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations (IRPR) (450)Introduction: This Canadian policy study will define the negative formation of “transnational families” in the context of Canadian immigrant regulations that prevent families of immigrants from reuniting in the country. More specifically, it is the policy of family division that is formed in Regulation 117(9)(d), Excluded Family Members that define the legal codes of policy action in Canada’s Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations (IRPR). In this policy, the immigrant that initially applies for immigrant status in Canada must have their …show more content…
Regulation 117 can presents the ironclad resistance to family unity, which would places a barrier between the individual and his family. More so, it can limit the productivity and social integration of the workers as an effective member of workforce. In this manner, Regulation 117 is major barrier to the productivity of “skill workers” that enter Canada, but cannot bring their families with them to live in the country. In this manner, the exploiatio0n of “skilled workers” seems to be a greater priority than preserving the integrity of the immigrant’s family unit in terms of ethical and moral aspects of regulation 117 in the …show more content…
This aspect of immigrant policy in Canada is directly related to the underlying motive to allow “skilled laborers” into the country, which has a major effect on the Canadian economy. The economy provides an important “stepping stone” for encouraging migration to Canada, which can only be hennaed by allowing the immigrant’s family members to join him or her at a later time if they choose to do so. This would modify Regulation 117 to allow posthumous applications of family members to join their relatives in Canada as a form of economic incentive for greater social and psychological stability of the immigrant worker. This aspect of the transnational family would slowly become obsolete, especially in the context of improving Canada’s overall labor markets and productivity. In addition to family unity as a human rights, the Canadian government can utilize a more objective view of the immigrant labor markets as a vehicle to reunify immigrant families in the country. These are important resolutions to the problem of Regulation 117 that can devolve the negative impact of the transnational family under the
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Donkor, M. (2004). Calculated Kindness: Global Restructuring, Immigration, And Settlement in Canada (pp. 45-60) (R. Folson, Ed.). Halifax, N.S.: Fernwood Pub. In this nonfiction novel based off the writers’ experiences/research, Donkor demonstrated how the education of immigrants focuses on the participation of language skills. From this scholarly writing, Donkor exhibits that the Canadian education system relies on having the ability to communicate properly through a common language; English. This author had studied the gender—analysis framework of terminology and how immigrants training programs were produced and introduced to the people.
The principles of the best interest of the child in Canadian immigration proceedings are reinforced in the case of Baker v. Canada. When Mavis Baker’s application for permanent residence was refused, and she received a deportation order, she proceeded with a judicial review of her application (Baker v. Canada, 1999). The findings at the conclusion of this case have direct implications for the assessment of permanent residence applications under the humanitarian and compassionate category, and the considerations of the best interests of the child. As stated in s. 25(1) of Canada’s Immigration and Refugee Protection Act, a child whose interests will be directly affected must be taken in to account during the assessment of a humanitarian and compassionate application (Immigration and Refugee Protection Act, 2016). Baker v. Canada further reinforces these principles as the Federal Court of Appeal determined that the best interests of Mavis Baker’s children needed to be considered in order for the ruling to be fair, and that “the decision maker should consider children’s best interests as an important factor, give them substantial weight, and be alert, alive and sensitive to them” (Baker v. Canada, 1999, para.
For migrants, family reunification and spousal sponsorship is fundamental to successfully building this legacy; unification of grandparents, spouses, and children are both important emotional and financial support, but also important pieces of a migrant’s culture and heritage. As such, family unification supports multiculturalism and is “a strategy for migrant integration, rather than isolation” (Reitz, 2012). In his article “Canada’s Immigration System Is No Kinder than America’s”, Khan argues the mounting financial and systemic barriers to family reunification is grounded in the increased immigration opportunity via the Temporary Foreign Worker program and subsequent reduction of Family or Economic (high skilled work) opportunities, as TFW programs do not permit spousal sponsorship or family reunification in Canada. “[Spousal reunification] only accounted for 28 per cent of migrants” in the 2017 year (Khan, 2017), and this is not just a benign consequence of the TFW program; Canada has implemented a series of bureaucratic hurdles such as the Case Processing Center, the Case Intake Office, and Case Processing Pilot whose primary purpose is to review, exclude and discourage family sponsorship and reunification in the Economic and Refugee classes (Satzewich, 2014). In his article “The Distinctiveness of Canadian Immigration Experience”
In 2002, Canada followed Homeland Security of United States and came up with an immigration plan. The bill was called “Immigration and Refugee Protection Act.” The focus of the bill was to stop people entering Canada and seeking asylum who will endanger the safety of the Canadians. The bill introduced strict law for people who will try to put the life of Canadians at risk. The law allowed immigration to remove people from the country who may pose a threat to the country.
In the book Canada continuity and Change, and sources, shows that before 1969 the immigration was not allowed in the country that much, by in the 1970s many Canadians felt the immigration policy needed to be changed. Many Canadians believed that immigration should choose immigration based on the need for workers with specific skills, it does not matter which country people were from. In 1976, the Canadian government created new immigration policy, which is the point system. Immigration who left their country in critical situation the Point System was not fair, for the following reason. Firstly, it’s was not fair, in the point system one of the points that you must had a relative or family member in Canada, but for
As a result of this policy, immigrants were encouraged to embrace their heritage and cultural identities, rather than be pressured to assimilate into Canadian norms and values. I'M GOING TO ADD HOW THIS ALLOWS IMMIGRANTS TO BROADEN THEIR HORIZONS AND DO THINGS LIKE GET JOBS AND BECOME LEADERS OF
In the article “Newcomers Vote with Their Feet“ by Rudyard Griffiths, there is a lot of Canadians who have a negative attitude toward the newcomers, and the author suggested to resolve the Canadian immigration system problem. Canadians believe that they are able to choose the skilled immigrants just because they are one of the developed countries, and no one can resist Canada. Nevertheless, they are wrong beliefs. In addition, while Canada is the second destination of the new immigrants, 95 percent of the citizens who obtained the Canadian citizenship are unskilled workers. Furthermore, 20 percent of the spending of the federal goes to the language trainers.
Additionally, economic challenges were prevalent, with limited job opportunities for Chinese immigrants, particularly in professional fields. Discrimination in pay and promotions also hindered Chinese immigrants' ability to achieve economic success. Overall, Chinese immigrants in Canada faced a range of challenges during the 1970s and 1980s, including discrimination, language barriers, cultural differences, and economic obstacles. While some progress has been made in addressing these challenges, they continue to persist for many Chinese immigrants in Canada today. V. Regional differences in immigrant
Immigration has been and will continue to happen all around the world. There are so many reasons for people who come from different countries and ethnicities to move from country to country. The reasons why these people immigrate is either they are simply forced to, due to violence and hostility or that they are in search of a better life for them, and or their family etc. Canada being rated number one in quality of life has been a goal for people wanting to immigrate. The Immigration and Refugee Protection Act ( IRPA) was established by the Canadian government in the year 2002.
Over the course of many decades, Canadian Immigration experiences have changed dramatically. Two differences being that discrimination has decreased tremendously, refugees are now accepted, and one similarity being that there are job opportunities. Firstly, in the early 1900s there was a lot of discrimination towards other ethnicities besides the white. For example, in the residential schools, First Nation children had been stripped from their families and forcefully put into schools. They tried to assimilate anything resembling First Nations.
Beginning in the mid 1700’s, after the Europeans invaded the country, was when it all began to go downhill for the Indigenous people of Canada. The higher government has continuously made a gap in the middle of Indigenous and non-Indigenous people regarding human rights. Despite living in one of the world’s wealthiest countries, Indigenous families and communities in Canada continue to confront some harsh challenges as many of them suffer through economic and social barriers. The article “Stolen Sisters, Second Class Citizens, Poor Health: The Legacy of Colonization in Canada” written by authors Wendee Kubik, Carrie Bourassa and May Hampton explains a view on the most vulnerable, which are the Indigenous woman as they are being declined their quality of life and being violently victimized from men.
Over the course of comparison, it becomes clear that indigenous people are increasing ethically separate from their non-indigenous counterparts due to their political differences, the implication of the political differences, the variation of language spoken, and the turbulent social interactions. It is quintessential that there is a recognition in the separation between indigenous and non-indigenous immigrants because in a way these two groups are as different as two distinct
The survey found that 50% of the population aged 15 and up felt that they had a very strong sense of belonging to their ethnic group. The feeling of belonging was greatest amongst first generation Canadians, who just came to Canada. Friends and family play a vital role in a new immigrant’s initial settlement in finding employment opportunities and housing. New immigrants who rely on friends and family from the same background also tend to be the same ones reporting a strong sense of belonging to their ethnic group. The sense of belonging to one’s ethnic group was measured by the individual’s awareness of ethnic heritage, customs and traditions by Stats Canada in a survey.
Justin Trudeau was quoted saying “Liberals will reform our immigration system and make family reunification a core proximity to our government. Immigration is critical to jobs creation and long term economic growth for the middle class”. The Liberals will significantly improve the current immigration system to ensure that families can stay together and successfully integrate into their new communities. The maximum age for dependents has been increased from 19 years to 22 years allowing more Canadians to bring their children to Canada. The liberal government has also promised to change the rules so that migrating spouses immigrating to Canada receive immediate permanent residency.
The improvement of the rights of the Canadian Immigrants Canada, as one of the biggest immigration countries, welcomes people from all over the the world and forms a representative multicultural atmosphere in today’s society. Over these few decays, the country has always been consummating the laws to provide immigrants equal rights and freedoms, and better treatments they could receive. However, Canadian immigration laws were not unprejudiced and it eventually caused a “legal discrimination” before 1976. The legal rights of the immigrant groups have improved significantly because of the demands of developing the country, the influences of the wars, and the globalization of the world. Since 1880s, more immigrants and foreigners came to Canada because of the railway construction project.