White European musicians, black musicians, bordellos, very few rules, and a need for expression: it was a gumbo that helped shape New Orleans music and the careers of some of the best musicians in the country, such as “King” Oliver, Buddy Bolden, and Louis Armstrong. A wonderfully rich fictional account of life and music in Storyville to check out is Louis Maistros’ novel, The Sound of Building Coffins. Jazz caught and spread rapidly up the Mississippi River to Memphis, St. Louis, and ultimately, Chicago. Ships and trains carried musicians all the way up the east coast to New York, as well. New Orleans musicians left Dixie behind them, but took their Dixieland Jazz along on the adventure.
As the civil war erupted, many African-American people of the deep south were not sure where to go or what to do in order to be free of racial discrimination. This social issue deeply impacted many jazz musicians who lived in the New Orleans, Louisiana area. In order to remove themselves from the racial hatred, many African-American jazz musicians packed their bags on boats and used the Mississippi river to move from New Orleans to Chicago, Illinois. This created the opportunity for jazz musicians to continue to progress and refine their skills of playing jazz music. It also allowed the spread of jazz music to occur from Chicago, Illinois all the way to Harlem, New York.
Katherine Dunham was known for her leadership of African American jazz dance and started her own dance company. Modern dance started in the early 19th century and started mainly in Germany. Two people who influenced modern dance were Loie Fuller and Ruth St. Denis. These two women influenced many choreographers till this day with their style and techniques. Jazz dance started in the early 1700’s in Africa.
The term “Disco” is derived from discotheque and its initial audience are from the African American, Italian American, Latino and Psychedelic communities around New York City and Philadelphia around 1970s. In New York got a lot of club play the Disco music during the era and one of the New York City DJ, David Mancuso open The Loft in February and it was the best Disco club around that era. There are a lot of artist that popular with Disco music around 70s such
Blues music had a special role in creating the genre. It is characterized by swing and blue notes, call and response vocals, polyrhythms and improvisation. Typical instruments are: horns, keyboards, bass, drums, guitar and vocals. Although it was mainly created by black experience in United States, many other cultures have developed the genre in various ways (for example white musicians created 'White Jazz' subgenre, having their own traditions and influences). Miles Davis and Louis Amstrong were very influential jazz musicians.
The 20’s were an era of Jazz; with extravagant music playing throughout all hours of the night. Not only men went to fancy parties, but women as well were invited, sometimes appearing to have no company. Times were changing for women, for they could go out on their own and dress spontaneously. In many occasions throughout the book we get sights of the characters drinking, another big boom of this era; we know that prohibition was an enormous debate about this time as people began to drink more (Fitzgerald). All of this ties together, because Fitzgerald’s vision of the American dream was about discovery, individualism, and the pursuit of happiness.
Hilton Hotel world’s largest and fastest growing hospitality company with 4200 hotels with 690,000 rooms in 93 countries. First Hilton hotel was founded in US by Mr Conrad Hilton in 1919, since their bingeing they are growing continuously and innovate new product to serve best to their customers. Hilton hotels also are the first hotel who installs television in the guest room in 1947, and in 1948 they become the first hotel who introduces multi hotel reservation system. They also establish centralised reservation service by using computer technology. Today they have more than 30000 team members who serve worldwide and they also have around 40 million members in their award winning customer loyalty program.
Therefore, compared to Chicago, because of Bernstein’s sheer diversity in the music and the way he is able to bridge the gap between classical and popular music as well as convey a serious message about gang violence through one brilliant production, West Side Story is a Landmark Production in the American Musical The form of this song differs from Tonight in that the verses are spoken by the women, as they tell their stories and then everyone joins in for the chorus. The main theme is the melody of “He had it coming…” (as seen in the extract above ) and this repeats many times throughout the song. This song also goes through modulations as it progresses, from Ab major to Gb minor and to G
She was a child musical prodigy that saw her dreams of becoming a classical pianist frustrated by racism and became an eclectic and controversial performer that created awareness of the problem of racism throughout America and Europe and was an active participant of the Civil Rights Movement. In her early years as a performer during the 1950s, she performed in several concerts for Civil Rights organizations, even though she did not consider herself an activist. Her role as an activist begins with her album In Concert, which included songs such as Porgy, Pirate Jenny, Go Limp, or Mississippi Goddam, one of the most famous protest songs of the Civil Rights Movement (from now on, CRM). Nonetheless, her role as an activist was highly controversial, since she was not an advocate for nonviolence or race mixing. In her songs, she urged her listeners to actively fight for liberation.
The jazzy cabarets appealed to a selective type of audience and groups started to get formed in order to replicate that sound to capture the market. But what followed was truly remarkable. Local talent – Hindi film song composers and arrangers, C, Ramachandran, Shankar-Jaikishan, O.P. Nayyar and Naushad Ali created a fusion of the Indian music and Latin American music and produced what I would call as ‘truly globalized songs’. It all started with live venue Cabarets in Mumbai becoming a trend and boasting Carioca dancing for months after the initial screening of ‘Flying down to Rio’, led by local Jazz orchestras and travelling troupes from cruise ships.