Polygamy in Canada: Is It a Crime or a Protected Religious Freedom? Canada’s polygamy law, particularly as it relates to a sect of the Fundamentalist Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (FLDS), in Bountiful, British Columbia, has recently been the subject of much controversy. A case in the Supreme Court of British Columbia will soon determine whether Canada’s polygamy law is constitutional, or whether it violates section 15 of our Charter of Rights and Freedoms that guarantees “freedom from discrimination based upon religion, race, and country of origin” (Harvie 31). Currently, under section 293 of our Criminal Code, the practice of polygamy is prohibited, and is punishable by a maximum five-year prison sentence (Harvie 30). On one
Section 43 of the Criminal Code states that “Every schoolteacher, parent or person standing in the place of a parent is justified in using force by way of correction toward a pupil or child, as the case may be, who is under his care, if the force does not exceed what is reasonable under the circumstances”.(Government of Canada,1985) The action of corporal punishment, otherwise known as “spanking” is done to improve a child’s behaviour or eliminate reoccurrence of disobedience. Spanking a child is an ineffective way to discipline children and exposes them into an aggressive environment. This type of punishment models the use of aggression and violence, teaching children it is acceptable to use violence. The practice of spanking often correlates with children developing into violent adolescents.
In 1874, efforts to prosecute Latter-day Saints who practiced plural marriage were in full effect. The reasoning was that the religious practice was an infraction of an 1862 act, named the Morrill Anti-Bigamy Act. It was declared unconstitutional to have more than one spouse. Polygamy was said to be in clear violation of the Free Exercise Clause of the First Amendment to the United States Constitution. However, the Church of Latter-day Saints viewed things differently.
Whether ancient or modern, polygamous or monogamous, marriage has rules. There may be ages and genders to consider. In early America, there were races to consider. Often, those considerations draw on religious beliefs. The Quran allows a man to take up to four wives. In Fundamentalist Mormonism, there is no set limit to the number of wives in one marriage. Joseph Smith, the Mormon Prophet who first delivered God 's directive that Mormons practice plural marriage, ultimately took dozens of wives.
However, regardless of the United States government’s stance on polygamy thousands of people live in illegal polygamous relationships. Although, many Americans have very little good to say about polygamous relationships, polygamists have several reasons that give them satisfaction in being in this type of family structure. For instance, having a large family and multiple incomes to rely on can be beneficial in the face of tough times. Additionally, others have argued that polygamy helps better satisfy men’s sexual desires.
Melvyn Goldstein analyzes and explains why male and female Tibetans living in North Nepal choose fraternal polyandry in the article, “Polyandry: When Brothers Take a Wife.” Although Goldstein doesn’t provide an extensive amount of information about fieldwork his research supports cultural materialism and culture constructionist perspectives. It’s clear that cultural materialism is the main reason Tibetans choose fraternal polyandry over monogamous or polygynous marriage.
For many, spanking a kid is deemed to be one of the best ways to raise a kid. Since the previous generations, also known as the older generations were raised this mode, many accredit that applying the almost exact same method on their kids can lead these youngsters to learn and grow straight, therefore expecting that a spanked kid will aftermath in a prospective society with future gracefully informed and well educated adults. However, corporal punishments aren’t indeed the appropriate way neither the best solution to deal with the misbehavior of a little bairn. Spanking a kid, whether it’s with bare hands or a flat object, may lead some kids to actually rebel against their family.
I. Introduction A. P. J. O 'Rourke once said “Everybody knows how to raise children, except the people who have them” (O’Rourke, Pg.10). Parents always want their children to be better than what they used to be when they were at their age; that is why they care about every detail in their children’s life especially when it comes to behavior, obeying them and listening to their words. B. Background Information: i. People came to realize that physical punishment is a rough, atrocious, unacceptable mean of punishment that should be banned for its appalling, horrifying effects. ii. Facts about physical punishment (sources used) 1.
Corporal punishment within public school systems continues to be a controversial issue, however, its use is one of the most effective means of discipline in public schools. “Corporal punishment is technically defined as the infliction of physical pain contingent upon the occurrence of a misbehavior (Vockell, 2010).” The use of corporal punishment has many advantages and supporters. The issue of corporal punishment has reached the United States Supreme Court. James Ingraham and Roosevelt Andrews suffered severe paddlings that left bruises and severe pain that required medical attention.
In a 2014 article from The Atlantic, titled Multiple Lovers, Without Jealousy, journalist Olga Khazan reports her experiences meeting and interviewing multiple people in polyamorous relationships. The many couples that Khazan interviews try to help explain the process of polyamory to those who have not been in an open relationship before. Based on her observations of these couples and their experiences, Khazan argues that those in polyamorous relationships are better at handling conflict than those in monogamous relationships. Khazan also explores the strengths and weaknesses of being in a polyamorous relationship versus a monogamous relationship. The main differences that Khazan seems to find between polyamorous relationships and monogamous
The women in Polygamy have babies with the same man but only the first wife is legally married to the man. Thus means that if a man has seven wives six of the women can file for single parent to there children and receive a big chunk of money at the end of the year and in welfare alone. One Polygamist Family in Utah had a household of about nine people and they combined received about 80,000 dollars a year. From the years 1972 to 1983 The Kingston clan which was already a wealthy family received almost 1 million dollars in government assistance. Even today that is a lot of money in just ten years for a middle class family.
Monogamy was insisted upon, divorce and re-marriage became more difficult. Concubinage, though it could not be abolished, ceased to be lawful. A general rule is that respect for women is only found in a society in which monogamy is the rule. We must distinguish between the affected idolatry which was enjoyed by the customs of chivalry and the equality which was upheld by the Church.
Introduction Corporal punishment is a controversial topic and has been the source of extensive legal debate on a global scale, with evidence being presented to support numerous countering views and opinions. Reasonable corporal punishment in the home is still protected by the law in South Africa, and many South Africans are in support of the continuation of its legality. Although some of the arguments raised are valid, the evidence conveying the harms inflicted on children by physical disciplinary methods supports the viewthat the defense of reasonable disciplinary chastisement in South Africa should be discontinued and corporal punishment should be illegalized in its entirety. The future of corporal punishment is questionable, and with more
1. INTRODUCTION Corporal punishment is a common problem all over the world (United Nations, 2008). South Africa has adopted a Human Rights constitution, ratified the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UNCRC) in 1995, and legally abolished corporal punishment in schools (Republic of South Africa, 1996, A-47; South African Schools Act, 1996). However, it is still a challenge for some South African teachers to abandon corporal punishment as a disciplinary practice.