T. S. Eliot, an essayist, once said, “The historical sense involves a perception, not only of the pastness of the past, but of its presence” (“Four Quartets by Eliot”). The British have colonized Canada from 1763 to 1867, which greatly impacted the lives of both populations. During this period of colonization, it sparked various unique personal experiences and perspectives for the Canadians and British. With that context, how do differing perspectives help us to understand the British colonization of Canada? Differing perspectives allow one to perceive multiple sides of the historical event which can be used along with evidence to determine what truly happened in the past.
Judicial review allows for the challenging of state actions in order to ensure that decisions made by the government follow laws. In Canada, laws must be brought to the supreme court to be challenged and the court may not arbitrarily open cases. The goal of judicial review is to assure citizens that power is not being abused at any level of government and that the rule of law is being followed. The Supreme Court of Canada falls under the judicial branch of the government, its role is to interpret the Canadian constitution and decide whether or not laws are constitutional. The judges must read between the lines of the Canadian constitution and seek the un-written rules in order to decide to if a law is constitutional or not.
Canada: A Comparative approach It seems fair that, following a critical analysis of the law in JC, another jurisdiction should be considered in order to facilitate a proper outlook on what may be needed, and what has worked elsewhere. This section is intended to outline the operation of the exclusionary rule in Canada. The Canadian courts rely on legislative enjoined exclusionary rules that are justified by judicial integrity. This justification is given effect to by means of the application of a balancing test. In April 1982, Canada codified its exclusionary rule in the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
The federal government does not show respect when addressing the issues of First Nations. The reserves that First Nations are given are simply uninhabitable. Nearly 100 First Nation communities are under a boil-water advisory and Canada seems to take no action. Canada has 20% of the Earth 's drinking water, but nearly 100 First Nation communities do not have access to safe drinking water. Canada only tries to accommodate the issue by sending bottles of water to the communities, instead of fixing the water treatment plants that are already there.
Every government around the world is slightly different, nevertheless they all have one concern in common, secrets. The government around the world and the government described by George Orwell in 1984 are unquestionably much similar. In both governments described there are secrets held from the public. These secrets are held from us on the grounds that the government believes that they are protecting us from something terribly frightening or harmful. Correspondingly, the government that George Orwell brings to the attention of the audience compared to our government, also has four branches in their government, they are known as the Ministries of Truth, Love, Peace, and Plenty.
Consequently, our digital footprint or fingerprint can be trailed by the government, law enforcement, and corporations in ways that were one time improbable. The primary task of law enforcement agencies should incorporate the fortification of public members’ civil rights along with the implementation of laws and the conservation of communal safety. The common trust that is stimulated by policing practices that are courteous, just, and impartial is the dire component in inaugurating durable law enforcement-public trusts. Enlightening and supporting these trusts can help the law enforcement be extra effective in the innumerable duties and ac-countabilities done by present law enforcement
The U.S. culture is very similar to Canadians as we are exposed to it all the time in media sources. The events in American history have also affected Canada from a political perspective, which lead to the Democracy that is present today. Another way the U.S. has affected Canada is from a military perspective because Americans are quick to jump to war and Canada has had to help control them which lead to them being peacekeepers. The United States helped mold the Canadian identity by being both a threat and support to the nation; this will continue into the 21st century but Canada will keep it’s unique identity. A country 's culture can be seen as interchangeable with identity; in Canada there is evidence of American culture everywhere.
The main focus of a country should be to protect its land, citizens and resources. In order to do that, the government may need to keep secrets and maintain a standard way of monitoring its citizens. In the long run, who really benefits from this invasion of privacy? We see how citizens react to the unknown fact that the government monitoring certain conversations and pays close attention to what’s being said. Eric Snowden possessed knowledge of this wrongdoing by the government and made it public news.
The concept of transparency “allows citizens to access information, in order to hold governments accountable” (Close & Croci, 2018, Pg. 203). Lastly, responsiveness, which refers to the governments ability to “respond to the interests of the public” (Close & Croci, 2018, Pg. 206). However, Canada’s seemingly democratic society and government proposes a dilemma as to whether Canada is still a democratic society or rather becoming less democratic.
For example, according to Parliament of Canada, this service enacted by Diefenbaker was extremely important when it states, "In 1964, the Royal Commission on Health Services, ...recommended that the federal government establish a public medical care insurance plan similar... In response to the report of the Hall Commission, the federal government introduced in 1966 the Medical Care Act,..." (http://www.parl.gc.ca/Content/SEN/Committee/371/soci/rep/repintmar01-e.htm). ANALYSIS John Diefenbaker initiated the Royal Commission by going to the monarch to request information about laws pertaining to medicine. He believed that something was not right in the system and decided to do something about it. The Commission addressed an issue that if removed,
When the three branches of government were created a system of “check and balances” was built into the Constitution in order to keep one branch of government from becoming too large and too powerful. Actions that are taken by one branch of government affect the other branches, thereby introducing “oversight”. The intelligence community has both internal and external oversight. The internal oversight comes from the CIA Inspector General that is embedded within the intelligence community. The external oversight comes from both the executive and legislative branches of the government.
Canada was transformed on April 17, 1982 when Queen Elizabeth II gave her royal acceptance of the Constitution Act. Prior to the signing of the Act, which included the Charter of Rights and Freedoms, Canada remained under the control of Britain and individual rights were not guaranteed. The Constitution Act established the Government of Canada, apart from Britain, and granted it the ability to amend its own Constitution. It also gave the Supreme Court more authority, provide the provinces political and economic controls and gave new guarantees of equality and individual rights not provided for in the British North American (BNA) Act. The new Constitution and Charter were controversial in the provinces, but Pierre Trudeau’s determination
If dialogue theory is nothing more than a thin cover for judicial supremacy, than how should Canada model the relationship between the legislature and the judiciary? The answer lies in coordinate interpretation. Coordinate interpretation envisions that every branch that interacts with the Charter (the judiciary, the executive, and the legislative) will have equal responsibilities in upholding and advancing the values in the Charter (Slattery, 1987, 707). Under coordinate interpretation, the executive and the legislative branches would have “first order” duties, which means they would be expected to scrutinize legislation that they intend to pass in order to ensure Charter compliance; likewise, they also have a duty to scrutinize legislation