Candide Analysis

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François-Marie d 'Arouet, better known by his pen name Voltaire, was a French writer and public activist who played a singular role in defining the eighteenth-century movement called the Enlightenment. Voltaire was born in 1694 in France. Voltaire established himself as one of the leading writers of the Enlightenment. His famed works include the tragic play Zaire, the historical study The Age of Louis XIV and the satirical novella Candide. Often at odds with French authorities over his politically charged works, he was twice imprisoned and spent many years in exile. He died shortly after returning to Paris in 1778. His novel Candide or Optimism is a French satire first published in 1759. The title of Candide is principally taken from the name of its protagonist, but it applies equally well to its style. The protagonist in his story is Candide which means a very clear, naive and pure with no experience in life. In Candide, Voltaire discusses the exploitation of the female race in the eighteenth century through the women in the novel. Cunegonde, Paquette, and the Old Woman suffer through rape and sexual exploitation regardless of wealth or political connections. These characters possess very little complexity or importance in Candide. With his characterization of Cunegonde, Paquette, and the Old Woman Voltaire satirizes gender roles and highlights the impotence of women in the 1800s. The portrayal of the women in the literature has always been the favorite subject of
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