Suppose that from a hiding place in here You learn the whole truth by eye and ear— What would you say of your good friend after that? She is basically asking him to have faith in his own eyes, or the first-hand demonstration of Tartuffe’s hypocrisy. As a piece of theatre, the scene is a humorous and ironic proof of scientific rationalism. A different significant characteristic of the enlightenment is the desire for equivalence and self-respect for all, the thought that all have a set of basic human rights. The Enlightenment questioned many of the former philosophies, one of which was ignorance.
He wrote the article to express his belief that materialistic values are leaving people desperate and in their struggle, hurting other peoples’ culture. However a reasonable pursuit, his execution left his message void. Malone wrote the article as a person who is deeply involved in spiritualism from a non materialistic view. Having a spiritual background, he could have provided more information and a better solution to his argument. Malone attempts a persuasive style of writing but its effectiveness is questionable.
Candide It may take more than one mistake for most people to recognize their wrongs, and more than one attempt to reach success. However, when one like Candide who is blinded by philosophy, fails to learn from his bitter experiences in his journey of worst of all possibles contradicts the philosophy of optimism that Candide cherish. Hence, Candide’s innocence is portrayed to its extend through the narrator’s attitude and point of view in the book, Candide by Voltaire. Candide, who endlessly allows others to eradicate his thinking and wealth enhances the cynical view of the setting he is in. His innocence is abused by greed, yet he continues to live by the teaching of the " greatest philosopher "( Voltaire 16), Pangloss through most
Scott Fitzgerald’s novel The Great Gatsby, Jay Gatsby is led to his demise by his philosophy of idealism that prevents his from accepting reality. Idealism is an outlook that can lead to joy and hope, but reality cannot be escaped forever. By creating a fantasy world filled with illusions, Gatsby is given a false sense of fulfillment that allows him to continuously pursue unattainable goals with optimism. Eventually, the daze of happiness will come to an end, and the idealist will be awakened to the heartbreaks of the real world. When this occurs, and reality plagues the fantasies, the illusions are forever shattered along with he who holds them.
In the novel, Grant’s selflessness reveals itself unconditionally. He puts all his desires aside to help Jefferson become a man. His goal requires him to set aside his plans and other goals to benefit someone else. Grant does not believe that he is heroic or selfless, which can be seen when he tells Jefferson “A hero is someone who does something for other people.” (191), nevertheless, he contradicts himself by alleviating Jefferson’s bleak future, doing this requires him to abstain from being inconsiderate. Without being as magnanimous as he is, Grant could not have helped Jefferson as he
The word “evil,” according to Merriam-Webster, means “morally bad.” With such a vague definition, how can one discern the truth behind what is good and what is evil? John Gardner’s novel Grendel provides multiple philosophical outlooks demystifying the epic poem Beowulf’s antagonist. Grendel is a monster, however Gardner clearly asserts through multiple philosophies that not all monsters are inherently evil. Grendel proves not to be evil due to his belief in solipsism. Solipsism is manifested in Grendel’s recurring and crippling loneliness, his understanding of solipsism affecting others, and Gardner’s achievement in eliciting sympathy for Grendel.
Gatsby’s father, Mr Gatz helps the reader to see the contrast between the social climbing, immoral people that this story revolves around and the average people living their normal lives. Mr Gatz’ “pride in his son” (p. 183), and overall love for Gatsby, redeems the text from being a total immoral story. Both members of the Gatz’ family, bring this hope and love to the text which redeems the world. The world of The Great Gatsby is not a spiritual and moral wasteland. F. Scott Fitzgerald has use characterisation to display the extreme moral indecency of the 1920’s New Yorker lifestyle.
Everywhere Candide goes except the place Eldorado, are full of pessimisms. Candide put his efforts to confirm the optimism but every time he tries, it always ends up being pessimistic circumstances. Voltaire never reveals which side the text belongs to and lets the readers to decide. It is not clear to define that the text supports either the side of pessimism or optimism. The one fact it is crystal clear is that the text “Candide” is a Contes Philosophique weather it is not define as one certain ideology.
In the first line, he says, "How from emptiness can I make a start?" (Line 1) The tone of the persona is confused, devoid of hope, lonesome and almost desperate. It speaks of pessimism. This line gives the reader an overview of the persona 's character and how he handles the challenges of living. "Emptiness" is a lonely word and the speaker is trying to tell the readers that man is born with nothing that would make living a painful episode.
What once sparked his creation was now what turned off his happiness. Not taking responsibility of his actions and not having a strong word lead him to failure. Having priorities set straight and knowing what to sacrifice and when can make all the difference. If you do what makes you happy, the sacrifices will not fell as harsh and there will not be any