Moreover, it focused on the man who is trapped in an antagonistic universe without any chance of happiness and hope for the future. Many writers during the 1930 's and 1940 's concentrated on the brave individual stories of the lower and middle classes members and the protagonists were mostly of the working-class or of lower middle-class origin; who view society with contempt and ironic humor and may have conflict with authority. They used many techniques such as: flashback, irony, music, and stage direction. The plot in the plays of the
The most brilliant controversial works of art are often banned and kept hidden from the lives of young children, adolescences and sometimes adults. Mark Twain’s notorious ‘Huckleberry Finn’ uses literature as an incredible tool in addressing certain aspects of the society. This provokes a troubling yet satisfying tension between the reader and the narrator. Mark Twain represents the societal crisis, racism, in a factious novel by illustrating the issue of racism in a way that portrays reality as infinitely more horrifying.
the enlightenment age of 18 century caused a philosophical movement which dominated the world of ideas in Europe in the 18th century . and the main goals of this enlightenment were liberty , reason ,progress , tolerance and ending the abuses of the church . so this philosophical movement was led by Francois Marie known as Voltaire who is a French critic and his life was so controversial , he born to a rich family and he gave up his law studies to continue writing , also he was imprisoned for a year for writing a stair against the regent and then he fled to England where he befriended king George . he live in exile till 1740 when he became a major figure and member of the academic francaise , after his return to France , he was exiled again to Switzerland .
The short story, Candide, or Optimism, was wrote by Voltaire, who was a renegade author amidst the Enlightenment time period. This author questioned the mainstream ways of life from his childhood through adulthood writing with boldness, wit, and rebellion as his protesting voice (Puchner, 421). Holding such strong opinions landed him in exile on more than one occasion. It was during his first imprisonment that he launched his writing career (Puchner, 421). His first play won him notoriety and wealth, which fueled his desire to speak out using his writings as a sounding board.
Say One Thing, Mean Another (The Use of Satire in Canterbury Tales) “Filth and old age, I’m sure you will agree are powerful wardens upon chastity”(Chaucer). Chaucer, the father of English literature wrote a tale called Canterbury Tales where he told a story about a religious journey. This tale is made up of many different stories by characters that Chaucer made up to prove a point. Chaucer doesn 't agree with a lot of things that are going on in his society so Chaucer uses satire. Which is the use of humor, or irony to expose people 's stupidity.
Plath wrote her poems early before her children were awake. Poems like "Daddy" is very disturbing and shows us how close to self-destruction Plath was. Sylvia Plath’s poem has many important themes showing such as; Gender, Mortality, and Supernatural. First,
Poe uses unreliable narrator in the texts “The Raven” and “Annabel Lee” to prove that all human nature is unreliable. Edgar Allan Poe was an american writer and poet. He was best known for his short stories and poems that captured the imagination of readers around the world and terrified his readers. His story telling gave mystery and horror to the modern world. Poe explored all themes that were dark and creepy.
¨Characterization is an accident that flows out of action and dialogue¨ ,by Jack Woodford, describes how characterization occurs. There are many way that authors create and describe the characters for their stories. In “ The Cask of Amontillado¨, ¨Thank you M 'am¨, and ¨The Most dangerous game¨ the character Montresor, Mrs. Jones, and Zaroff by the use of speech, action, or appearance. In The Cask of Amontillado, Thank you Mam, and The Most dangerous game the author uses characters speech to develop the character personality.
Mark Twain's Use of Satire in Huck Finn Satire is the use of irony, sarcasm or ridicule in exposing or denouncing the stupidity or vices of a person, group, or society. Twain's use of satire caused many misunderstandings throughout the novel, such as taking the jokes about society too seriously. Twain tried to use the novel, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, to point out the main problems in society such as racism, slavery, and the hypocrisy of civilians. The most common uses of satire were seen in the discussion of superstition, religious hypocrisy, and slavery.
Satire is the use of humor or ridicule to express the stupidity of an individual, government, or company. Through the use of this literary technique Enlightenment thinkers, or philosophers, composed arts to mock several ideals of the time period. Several philosophers at the time were using satire to write novels, the most famous of which was a thinker named François-Marie Arouet or more commonly known by his nom de plume Voltaire. Voltaire wrote a fictional novel called Candide which follows the main character, Candide, through a difficult journey from nobility to farmer. In this writing, François-Marie Arouet used satire to ridicule several beliefs of his time period including the military and social inequality of women.
Later he attended the college of the city of New York at the age of 14. He wrote short fiction novels for magazines to help pay for college. After Graduating in 1897 he went Columbia University to study law. He supported himself while attending this university by writing for adventure-story magazines. He moved to Quebec in 1900 and spent a lot of his life writing.
Patrick Henry was the first and the sixth governor of Virginia. Henry led the antagonism to the Stamp Act in 1765 and he is mostly remembered by his speech,”Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death”. He was know as one of the most influential bodies in Republicanism. While he was creeping up on his twenty fourth birthday, he finally qualified as a lawyer in 1760. After that, Henry was not prepared for what it took to be a lawyer.
His first major book, A History of New-York from the Beginning of the World to the End of the Dutch Dynasty, by Diedrich Knickerbocker, was coupled with a hoax of missing person adverts for his character/pseudonym Diedrich Knickerbocker, a crusty Dutch historian. Unsuspecting readers became enthralled with the character before the book even came out, and when it did in December of 1809, it was met with critical and popular success. Ten years later, in the Spring of 1819, Washington sent his brother a collection of short stories, asking him to help him publish it as The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon. The first installment, including the famous tale of Rip Van Winkle, the sixth and final installment, featuring the Legend of Sleepy Hollow, and all parts in between were major hits. It was also published in Europe, where it was enormously successful.
Both Voltaire’s satiric novel Candide and Frederick Douglass’s autobiographical Narrative chronicle the lives and struggles of two young men. Each young man experiences injustices in the course of his development. Candide faces his struggles by seeking material gain. Douglass faces his by discovering and applying his inner strength to find reliable sources to aid him in his journey.
To begin, Candide’s decisions in Voltaire’s “Candide” were often naive and senseless throughout the story. Candide’s decision to kiss Cunegonde puts a series of unfortunate events into motion. Kissing Cunegonde ultimately gets Candide banished from his town and sold into an army, where he is beat on several occasions. Throughout the story, Candide’s decision to blindly follow the unrealistic teachings of his tutor, Pangloss, constantly gets him into trouble. When an earthquake destroys the town and kills thousands of people, Candide follows Pangloss’ decision to spread news that the earthquake was necessary.