About unfairness, he goes on to add that racial and economic discrimination are also a factor to consider when meting out capital punishment. For example, it is correct to argue that people who kill white people are treated far worse than those who kill other races regardless of the offender’s own race. Between January 1977 and December 1995, 313 people were executed, 249 had murdered a white person. (Bedau, 2). This inability of capital punishment to show equality is one of its limiting factors.
This report is helpful because it highlights how race is influenced on the death penalty. It will help me see if the death penalty is racially neutral. Coker, D. (2003). Addressing the real world of racial injustice in the criminal justice system. The Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology.
There are more white prosecutors in death penalty states, than any other minority. Majority of these states have conflicts when it comes to African Americans and other minorities other than whites. (Death Penalty Information Center: Race and the Death Penalty) Other minorities also receives this punishment as well, people are still being killed for crime(s). Being poor also contributes to the death penalty because if the defendant, can not afford a proper lawyer, then the defendant is fighting against a corrupted system. That’s when plea bargains come into play because if not careful, than the defendant can play right into the system`s hands even if innocent.
Throughout history, disputes and tensions between law enforcement officials and communities of minorities have endured hostility and violence between each other. Racial profiling has become a “hot topic” for researchers as well as for politicians and by now it is likely that most citizens are at least aware of the common accusations of racial bias pitted against law enforcement (Cochran & Warren, 2013). Communities of color are being discriminated against and racially profiled by white police officers for any suspicion of criminal activities. It has been widely assumed by policy makers and citizens alike that allegations of racial profiling are mostly associated with the policing practices of white officers and their treatment of racial and ethnic minorities (Cochran & Warren, 2013). Also, individuals of minority descent will certainly recognize that they are being racially profiled during a stop that is being conducted by a white police officer.
According to Stevenson, capital punishment in America is a lottery. It is interesting to me that Stevenson states that capital punishment is shaped by the constraints of poverty, race, geography, and local politics. It seems as if these constraints are the very reason America debates the death penalty today. Stevenson also states that the death penalty in the United States has increasingly comes to symbolize a disturbing tolerance for error and injustice.
A death sentence, in most cases is issued by a judicial system while the actualization or full enforcement of such decree is known as execution. 58 Nations currently endorse the death penalty while 98 nations has retracted its use. This report creates an argumentative view for and against the use of capital punishment. ARGUMENTS FOR AND AGAINST CAPITAL PUNISHMENT (THE DEATH PENALTY) RESPECTIVELY ARGUMENT 1 Crimes and criminals are everywhere, the major menace facing every society hence the death penalty
We Need to Kill the Death Penalty Have you ever wondered what occurs to those who commit capital crimes? Well, these people go through horrible experiences. The death penalty, a sentence of execution, has been used across the world for many years. This practice of killing has caused many issues in a lot of countries, including our home, the United States. The death penalty is used to punish those that have committed repugnant and capital crimes, and there are many ways of execution for these guilty prisoners.
Since 2013, there has been an increase in death sentences in over 57 countries. Debates over capital punishments have existed for centuries. Each of these debates are solely focused on moral and philosophical concerns about the fate of other human beings. The inability of human beings to reach a consensus over capital punishment involving moral standing has left capital punishment to exist. But perhaps there is a way to punish criminals without taking their lives.
By voting and adopting these laws, the majority of the society condemn then minorities by restricting their rights, and therefore engender more convicted offenders that are part of visible minorities. This racial profiling is not necessarily voluntary. It is caused by implicit bias, which means that multiple ‘‘social judgements’’ are made in an unconscious process that is racist and judgmental. It results in the harsher sentences often seen in courts (Lynch, 2013, p.100). Racial profiling is also due to the fact that differences can be seen as a threat.
A highly controversial topic in American society is the prejudice and racism towards minorities. This mindset is one that is not only domestic, but one which is deeply rooted in our judicial and criminal system. I am perplexed by such an abysmal common rationale held by many American supremacists planted within our government. Racism promoted by the racial profiling of minorities by Law enforcement, judicial corruption as well as leniency towards the acts of white committed hate crimes. America to many seems to embody an idea of freedom and security.
The statistic is shocking and a very powerful way to show that people are judged solely by their appearance. I researched a little more in depth about how people are stopped solely based on their image, more so their race. American Civil Liberties Union has an entire article on this subject. The article is titled Racial Profiling and addresses how certain races are stopped by police just based by their race. The article is very powerful and examines how racial profiling can be hazardous to your health because it can lead to death.
Racial profiling, poverty and high crime rates are the major contributors to high incarceration rates for African Americans compared to their percent of the general population. Besides social and economic isolation, African Americans have been marked as inherently criminal with the war on drugs and crime targeting them even when the statics shows they are less likely to be in possession of cocaine for example (Walker, Spohn, DeLone, 2012). The high number of African Americans on death row is the result of institutional racism. Majority of the judges in the United States are white and more often than not are either implicitly or explicitly biased in their rulings (Walker, Spohn, DeLone, 2012). Institutionalized racism refers to an expression
Many evidence support the view that there are biases in the criminal justice system against members of minority groups. One of the issues with discriminatory practices is that legal apparatus for antidiscrimination law is based on intentional discrimination. Many issues of overrepresentation of minority group individuals at all levels of the justice system have profound effects not only for those who are accused and convicted but also for the victims of crime. Victims from racialized communities, knowing that members of their community are unfairly treated under the law, may feel both personal pressure and community pressure to not report crimes committed against them or testify in court. Slavery, and the concomitant violence committed against
I found that, today, people of color are more likely to be incarcerated and sentenced disproportionally than their white counterparts. Racial inequalities in the criminal justice system are evident now more than ever. Although some believe that we are now past racial disparities, people of color are still facing injustice in the criminal justice system as appose to whites. Furthermore, my research has found that mass incarceration of one race, leads to mass poverty in
Stereotypes also play a huge role in the law enforcement. Due to stereotypes that black or latino people are more prone to commit crimes, racial profiling is common among police officers. Numerous cases of police brutality and statistics revealing a biased justice system raises concerns about the reliability of the nation 's authorities. Zillah Eisenstein connects racism to physical bodies in Beyond Borders by explaining that "racism uses the physicality of bodies to punish, to expunge, and isolate certain bodies and construct them as outsiders" (Eisenstein). Many officers tend to convict minorities more often than whites according to this same logic.