The interaction between the people and the environment was the main cause for the start of industrialization. According to Document 4, George WArner describes how England was fortunate enough to be provided with wool, coal, iron, and other materials that were nearby. Since Warner was an Englishman, he viewed the positive effects from obtaining these resources and how it aided Britain into the Industrial Revolution. According to Document 1, it shows an accurate map of the natural resources of England circa 1700. These raw materials were exploited for the benefit of the population because it demonstrated how these resources speak quickly and rapidly in England.
This was due to their growing population, capital, and political involvement. Because of this, the influence of the middle class spread through the economic, social, and political aspects of England, but all of this would not have occurred without the Industrial Revolution. As more new products were developed, there was a growing demand for educated workers. Thus, capitalists and others benefitting from the work of the middle class supported educational reforms. As better education became more accessible for the working and middle class, the working class moved into the middle class and the middle class rarely regressed into lower class.
The European powers were highly concerned with increasing their capital. In doing so, all powers partook in an economic competition, turned rivalry. European countries such as France and The Netherlands began to embark on their exploitation of resources. For example, France’s Indochina became a valuable economic possession in the 1880s. According to Jules Ferry, French colonialism in Vietnam must be justified by the fact that “the law of supply and demand, freedom of trade, the effects of speculation...reaches to the ends of the earth” .
They were in need of work, so they went to the city. Later urban population kept gradually increasing until it reached 41 percent by 1851. The duration of the agricultural revolution, Britain developed mechanisms to lead its way to the industrial revolution. Series of little drastic changes, benefits from profitable trading, and feeding the population made it possible. The agricultural revolution set the stage for the industrial revolution because raw materials, workers, merchant marine, and geography had some sort of start in
While Britain saw a growth in the job industry, factories were constructed to provide Britain with access to raw materials. The British government used the profits that were made through the trade to set up factories and fund factory jobs. Merchants and planters, who became wealthy through the slave trade, also invested their profits in factories and inventions, which helped eventually led to the Industrial
Agriculture was the prevailing economic activity in England and Europe through the early modern era. The agricultural revolution laid a fundamental base for the industrial revolution. If agricultural productivity in England grew between the middle ages and the nineteenth century, then most of it occurred before the mid-eighteenth century. It all started with the “Bing-Bang”, the Black Death of 1348. Followed by new crops and techniques, increases in output and land improvement, but also urban growth, agriculture became much more productive.
William’s main argument in this book is that the rise of industrial capitalism in Europe would not have been possible without the profits derived from African slave labor. Williams does an exceptional job of demonstrating how slavery transformed England into an economic superpower. This book illustrates the economic aspects of the slave trade as it addresses who benefited from it, how it contributed to the formation of capitalism. When referencing the book by Eric Williams, “Capitalism and Slavery” the origin of Negro slavery is something in history that is disputed and misconstrued. According to William’s book slavery was caused by numerous economic
Instead of there being peasants or serfs, there was now the wage-labor force. This is what helped create the rise of the free-market and capitalism and the Bourgeois and the Proletariats. Now skilled labor became a commodity in the market place, and it suffered when the factory system arose. The Western Heritage states, “In the process of becoming wage laborers, artisans gradually lost both significant ownership of the means of production, such as tools and equipment, and of control over the conduct of their own trades.” Instead of the monarchy controlling businesses and the aristocrats, now the middle classes or those that could run factories controlled businesses and turned them into a big profit. Mass production became a big theme during this time, which allowed prices to lower on several goods.
The Agricultural Revolution had led to an increased food production and increased population overall in England (Beck). This resulted in people from the country side moving into the city to work for wages, which led to an increase in demand for products such as clothing. These items of clothing were made by the textile industry. The cottage system was responsible for this -The cottage system served as transition from rural to industrial economy, this system relied on wage labor and a market to buy and sell raw materials such as cotton and clothes- however this system could not keep up with the demand of the increasing population. Another factor that supports the theory as to why The Industrial Revolution took place in England and not another country was that Britain had an abundant amount of iron and coal resources which allowed for the making and powering of new machines such as the locomotive and steam-powered machinery used