What is capitalism? Before we begin discussing our topic for today, we need to have a clear understanding of what the term “capitalism” stands for. Capitalism is an economic system of a country where private individuals or group of individuals are allowed to setup and run their own businesses where they control and decide the operations of the business and different companies compete for their own economic gains and free market forces determine the prices of goods and services. Such systems aim to separate the state activities from business operations. How does it work?
Capitalism is an economic-political system where the individual and economic freedom is considered primary compulsion for the country 's development. Unlike other economic systems which eclipses the freedom of the market, it creates an environment for self-regulating market system. The ensuing essay focuses on capitalism as the best economic system. It gives a general idea about other economic systems like socialism, communism and fascism in brief and compares and points out the advantages of capitalism over these systems. The essay casts light upon both the pros and cons of the capitalism but takes a positive position and defends the notion of capitalism as the best economic system with arguments which are supported by suitable facts and figures.
First, capitalism is propelled only and only by profitability. Second, capitalism is based on pursuit of self-interest and not social causes. Third, the primary objective for the existence of every organization is generating profit for stakeholders i.e. the owners of capital. Which in turn means that everyone in a capitalist system, be it organizations or individuals are driven by self-interest.
In Smith’s opinion the growing popularity of temp workers and agencies is a result of the free market functioning as it is supposed to. The more temp workers there are the better the free market will do because of these jobs. Adam Smith believed that the unregulated market will produce the most benefit than a regulated one could. The invisible hand is an important factor in Smith’s argument because it is when the market competition drives self-interested individuals to act in ways that serve society. The temp jobs are bettering the society because it is lowering costs for the business that are switching to this kind of labor.
In addition, economic freedom ensures to an extent where the market is influenced by the consumer demands and choices which make up the supply and demand trends that we view in a capitalist economy. Thus, a capitalist economy is where individuals purchase certain products that indicate the preference and demand for the public. Therefore, economic freedom in a free market, entrepreneurs and for a business would mean that there are no barriers in trade such as, the import and export, and also that customers would not be obliged to pay taxes on their purchases however, for some conditions that may be applied. As a result, just because economic freedom gives an individual the right to do whatever they desire, in a free market economy, economic freedom overall does not guarantee or result an individual to have an effective quality of life. For example, there can be certain situations where there can be economic disparity which is the difference or gap between the rich and the poor and this division can have a negative impact on those individuals who are less wealthier, because they can become even more poor whereas the richer class can become even more wealthy.
Regulated capitalism is a form of hands-on policy with the government including more strict codes for the industry. Having a laissez-faire economy could be more beneficial for some corporation executives; however, to ensure that the monopolies are non-existent and equality in the workplace is sufficient, a more regulated capitalism would be the fairest governance of the free-market capitalism. The first reason that regulated capitalism is better for the economy than free-market capitalism is because regulated capitalism is better for the smaller business. To better understand what regulated capitalism represents, regulated capitalism is, “Regulations on private enterprise, including taxation, that enable policies and/or processes that benefit citizens and enterprises alike”(“Well Regulated Capitalism”). Without regulated capitalism, larger companies would be able to take over smaller companies to further their revenue and location sites.
Government can kill or cure Most governments around the world fall between the ideologies of Collectivism and Individualism. Many of the governments have struggled to find a spot between these ideologies that promotes societal growth while still maintaining peace. The source presented is saying that Individualism is the most effective way for a society to function. The speaker believes that a capitalist society is the most effective way for a society to exist. A capitalist society is a one in which the focus is on the individual and not the collective group, this can include private property, private businesses and competition in markets.
Milton Friedman revolutionized free market thinking. He believed in a free market as the best solution for the stability of an economy. Basing his theories on Adam Smith’s “invisible hand”, Friedman further developed Smith’s theory. In short, Friedman’s Neoliberalism can be described through one of his quotes on the social responsibility of business, “There is one and only one social responsibility of business — to use its resources and engage in activities designed to increase its profits, so long as it stays within the rules of the game” (Cooney, 2012). Friedman’s belief of the market’s perfection is based on the assumption that no actor would agree to a transaction if they did not find it fitting for themselves (Friedman, 1975).
If labor market has no restrictions, the wage would adjust so that anyone willing to work could find a job. Small businesses would not be the ones that are most hurt and would not be forced to close down. Companies would not have to lay off employees and decrease hiring levels. Higher wage floor also disrupts economic system and causes a lot more of side effects that are very damaging to the market. I think every country should try balance the minimum wage levels to help to stimulate economic growth and keep all the citizens happy, including the poorest and most unskilled and create many job opportunities for them.
This freedom allows you to have much more fun than you would have to live in a utopian society, and what 's the world without freedom? Also, being able to choose the job that you want is best because it allows you to do what you want to do, what makes you happy. By being able to pick your own job means that you are able to choose what, you now what will be right for