However, the relationship between the two nations was a tense one. Soon after the Germans’ defeat, Soviet expansionism in Eastern Europe fueled many Americans’ fears of a Russian plan to control the world. In addition, President Reagan believed that the spread of communism anywhere threatened freedom everywhere. In such a hostile atmosphere, it almost seemed like the Cold War was inevitable. It wasn’t a typical war in the sense that it didn’t have traditional warfare or an abundance of casualties; instead, the Cold War was a subtle battle of control between the United States and Russia.
(John Fitzgerald Kennedy) But after the US beat the Soviets in the space race, the Soviets threatened America with nuclear bombs. The US had to do something. They made a negotiation called the Strategic Arms Limitations Treaty or SALT. (Grady 2015)This treaty bassically banned nuclear weapons. Although the relationship was still unstable, there was an easing in dialog between the two presidents.
The Soviet response to the Marshall Plan became known as the Zhdanov Doctrine. This doctrine supposed that American imperialists were trying to conquer the world and end the spread of democracy. It also claimed the Soviet Union’s goals were to eliminate imperialism and support democracy. It was no secret that the Soviet Union was, in fact, attempting to claim all of Europe for mother Russia. Thus sparked a Cold War that would last for decades.
In the aftermath of World War II, growing tensions and rivalry between the United States and the Soviet Union resulted in the Cold War. Having lasted for much of the second half of the 20th century, this state of economical, political and propaganda-based confront, with a lack of military conflict and open hostility, is considered a turning point in modern history. The root cause of the conflict was fundamentally the belief in completely opposing ideologies. The confrontation between capitalism and communism led to an international power struggle that left the world on the brink of disaster. To counter Soviet geopolitical hegemony in the context of the Cold War, Harry S. Truman, President of the United States, developed the Truman Doctrine,
The Cold War Everyone has had a problem in their life occur, there are many different ways to solve the issue. This goes on to show when all three presidents, Truman, Eisenhower, and Kennedy, have their own ideas on the solution to The Cold War. The Cold War was a combat between the Soviets and the United States, the Soviets wanted to turn the Middle East into communists. According to the textbook American Anthem: Reconstruction to the Present, the presidents had the ideas of, flexible response and massive retaliation. Massive retaliation is using the nuclear weapons without threat and going straight into nuclear war.
Britain, France, Russia, and the United States were known as the Allied powers which over time included twenty-seven nations. America had tried hard not to get involved in European affairs and conflicts, but with our growing connections it became hard. Businessmen saw the opportunities and profitable advancements of Europe, which brought a large number of American 's overseas. Great Britain was a major trade partner with the U.S, so we were indirectly involved in their war. The Germans started sinking any British ships that came into view of their Unterseeboots, even if they were passenger or fishing vessels.
Hitler in particular saw communism as a threat to Nazism (Fascism) because of the fact that many of the principles of nazism contrasted to those of communism. For instance the factor of race in Nazi ideology played a part in the breaking of the pact because of the fact that nazis glorified the aryan race and wanted to expand their influence throughout Europe, their principles of race caused the dehumanization of other races including the Baltic race in Russia, explained in Hitlers Mein Kampf. Before opperation Barbarosa on September 1940, Germany invited the USSR to join the Tripartite Pact, an alliance between the Axis powers in Europe including Japan. The pact was not signed by the USSR because of the comments that German Minister of Propaganda Joseph Goebbels made towards Russians, which he described as ‘Bolshevik subhumans’ . This showcases how the ribbentrop-molotov pact was merely a strategy from Germany to invade the USSR in a surprise manner rather than to make a lasting alliance, the fact that Germany saw russians as “subhuman” insinuates that Germany had no means in having peace with the USSR because of their inferiority
The Cold War soon begins after the end of WW2 when Truman, the successor of Roosevelt became president in 1945 due to ideological differences between the two superpowers, United States and the Soviet Union. The Cold War had a massive impact on US politics as could be seen through the creation of political consensus between the Republican and Democrats in relation to the policy of containment that includes the Marshall plan, the establishment of the NATO, the NSC-68 report and also the Truman Doctrine as the response of George Kennan’s containment theory, which caused US politics to be specifically targeted at the Soviet Union. While there are political consensus to contain Communism, the Cold War had primarily polarised politics when McCarthy
Tension existed between the Soviet Union and the West as far back as 1885 during the Panjdeh incident. At this time the competition between Britain and Russia in Afghanistan was great and war appeared imminent. Furthermore, after the First World War, the Allies immediately supported the anti-Bolshevik White movement during the Russian Civil War, laying the groundwork for high tensions between the Soviet Union and the West for the next one hundred years. When Joseph Stalin came into power, he enormously elevated these tensions through his take over of Eastern Europe, which the West saw as an attempt to spread Communism. Indeed, by 1949 all Eastern European governments, except that of Yugoslavia, were run by hard-line Stalinist regimes, causing a great amount of fear in the Capitalist world as they saw Communism as threatening every aspect of their society.
Hitler made countless mistakes in World War 2. Some mistakes had little effect on the war’s outcome, whereas others caused major problems for Hitler and his Nazis. One costly mistake that Hitler made was invading the United Soviet Socialists Republic, also known as ‘Operation Barbarossa’. In the years leading up to the invasion, the USSR and Germany signed a political and economic pact for strategic purposes.